Today in history 100 years ago

  • 22nd of June
    Today 1917
    The 1057th day of war
    #France: Heavy #German attack at #CheminDesDames, #French lose ground
    Unsuccessful attack on #USA transports by #German submarines
    #London, report: In the area of #Waasten (#Warneton), successful actions, making prisoners. NE of Ypres a #German assault is repulsed
    #Berlin, report: W of #Waasten (#Warneton) a #British assault is thwarted
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Return of Prince Leopold from #England. The King meets him at #Boulogne-sur-Mer
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: At 8 we leave for ‘Lion #Belge’ in #Woesten. Our positions are now occupied by #British
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Roads repaired: from Verbrande Molen to #Zillebeke & Knoll Road. Kruisstraat to Shrapnel Corner Road maintained. Road building: #StElooi-#Dranouter-Strasse, #Wulvergem-#Wijtschate. 1/3 of the Cmp resting at #StOmer
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Sgt. T.G. Harris killed & one O.R. wounded, 5 O.R. gassed, 5 O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T.121. we are still pumping and keeping the upper levels open. The blow at T.122 on June 7th wrecked the Canadian interior shaft, and most of the deep workings, however, the leads to the charges are still intact, and we are keeping the lower levels dry by baling water through the R.E. shaft. These charges will likely not be used now
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: I am burying Cafmeyer in the war cemetery, our 22nd civilian death. Several shellings near farms during the night and at the #Canada and near Busseboom, #Poperinge. Not much shooting but there is quite a bit of fighting, visible by the many wounded being brought to the back. Heavy bombardment at the lake where Padre Walonie was with his orderly: the latter is killed instantaneously, the padre broke 2 ribs. He is known for his friendliness and courage. An orderly of a protestant Padre was killed in the same manner
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    21st of June
    Today 1917
    The 1056th day of war
    #France: #German attack in #Champagne repulsed
    #Berlin, report: #British attacks near #Warneton (#Waasten) and #Houplines repulsed, #British planes active near Ypres and #Wijtschate
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: 2pm: to the bath in #Elzendamme, back at 7pm
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 2 A.M. Several Infantry Officers and men are gassed by a shell in dug outs off G Subway; they are brought out by some of our sappers and revived by Proto Novita Revivers
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Ditches are being made alongside of the road for drainage, and road metal is still being laid. The enemy keeps up a persistent intermittent shelling
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Much shelling again on #Reningelst and Dikkebus. It was providence that I take the road passed farm Lamerant, as 3 bombs are dropped at ‘Den Hert’. Shells in the morning on #Poperinge. It’s difficult to guess what the aims are: railways, the Square of #Reningelst, troops? The #British Staff moves it’s HQ from #Reningelst to #Westouter. Near the war cemetery of Lamerant is a parking for about 50 tractors and there is a big ammunition depot near farm Desmarets: many ‘niggers’ at work there. The #Canadian engineers staying at farm Derycke since 6 months has now left
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    20th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1055th day of war
    #France: #German attack near #CheminDesDames gains ground
    Southern Front: #Italians gain height at #Carnia
    #London, report: A enemy unit succeeds in entering our forward line in #Lombardsijde, but have immediately been pusched back: some men are missing
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: #Nieuwpoort is fully occupied by #British
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Shelled on the back from the frontline: no casualties
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Road building, repairing and maintaining in the forward areas: 3 men wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Planking on the cross road completed. The laying of road metal and shingle dressing on the main road is progressing rapidly. We find the soil favourable for dugouts on the western slope of #Messines (#Mesen), but on the eastern slope the ground is too wet, and full of layers of running sand
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Tonight the worst night of shelling ever for the inhabitants of Dikkebus. At ‘Paddebroek’ 13 soldiers and many horses killed. At Saelen, 15 horses and 6 men killed. At farm Decrock, 1 soldier dies, 1 also dies at farm Lamerant. At ‘Kapelleken’ 47 horses killed and similar at farm Cafmeyer. This night about 150 horses and 45 soldiers are killed. In the morning shells between #Westouter and #Reningelst. At 3pm at Ouderdom a shells falls at farm Verdonck, near the church of #Reningelst: it falls under a big heap of wood, some beams are thrown 80m away a soldier in the area is thrown away 20m into the corn field. A true deluge of shells. Never before shelling happened so near to the church of #Reningelst: the inhabitants are terrified. The #RedCross at farm #Comyn is again shelled, although many red crosses are signalling it’s presence. In the evening shells on #Poperinge. 2 #British observation balloons are shot and burnt by the same plane in #Dranouter
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    19th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1054th day of war
    #France: #British advances near #Arras
    Southern Front: #Italian offensive on #Asiago
    #Belgium, #USA: #Belgian mission visits the #WhiteHouse, where a letter from #KingAlbert is presented to #President #Wilson thanking for the relief help given by the #US to the #Belgians. #Wilson answers that the support of the #Americans to Belgium is as beneficial to the #American people as it is to the innocent #Belgian population. The #American people admires the steadfast courage of the #Belgian people and their #KingAlbert. Nobody in the #US doubts, that on the day of victory Belgium will be restored to peace. It has gained its place under the honourable and respected people of the world. The members of the #Belgian mission then took an unofficial meal at the #WhiteHouse.
    #Berlin, report: Our seaplanes down 3 enemy planes in front of the #Flemish coast. Near the coast som #British are taken prisoner. At #Hooge E of Ypres a strong #British reconnaissance unit is driven back
    René Deckers, #DePanne: The #French Marine Fuseliers, what is left of the heroes’ Brigade, parades in front of #KingAlbert and #QueenElisabeth at their villa. The #British take over their sector in #Nieuwpoort with considerable forces. They also parade in front of the (hospital) ‘L’Océan’ in front of Dr Depage who cared so well for them. The nurses throw flowers at the soldiers, it’s a moving scene
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Through a breach in the #German frontline trench we shoot with an MG and the #Germans are fleeing like hares. We hit at least 5 #Germans. During the night a Hotchkiss MG is used, to prevent the #Germans from repairing the breach. That breach must have cost many lives to the #Germans
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Company turns over the workings at Halfway House, Birr Cross Rds. & Menin R.R. cutting to 177th Coy. R.E. Spr. Landzy awarded Military Medal for rescuing wounded men from a burning lorry at Ypres on 11th. Company completes the Underground Dressing Station at Bridge 14 & hand over same to R.A.M.C
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We start boring operations to prospect the ground on the east and west slopes of #Messines (#Mesen) as to the adaptability of putting in deep dugouts
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Every 15 minutes shells on ‘Ouderdom’. At the wood workshop several horses are killed by shells. On the road to #Poperinge, a shell lands at the farm of Ww Van Cayseele
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    18th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1053rd day of war
    #France: #French advance in #Champagne
    #General Smuts to attend War Cabinet in #GreatBritain
    Hoffmann, #Swiss Foreign Minnister, resigns over #German peace-terms incident
    #Berlin, report: Between #Boezinge and #Frelinghien, fierce artillery exchanges
    #ZeeuwsVlaanderen: Many planes observed and explosions heard. A observation balloon that broke lose is observed drifting without it’s crew above #Aardenburg from E to W
    #Belgian newspaper: General #Plumer congratulates the #Belgian batteries that took part in the Battle of #Messines (#Mesen)-#Wijtschate
    #London, report: Another 4 guns taken E of #Messines (#Mesen) have to be added. 6 #German planes downed. Bombs dropped on enemy munition depots, with big explosions
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Parade by the #French Marine Fuseliers, being relieved by the #British in #Nieuwpoort. Arrival of Dr Deboeuf
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Tonight the #British take over 150m of frontline
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The 39th #Australian I.F. withdrew their remaining men. The #Russian Saps at T.123. are being constantly used by the infantry to go to and from the front lines south of #Messines (#Mesen)
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: In the morning shelling between #Westouter and #Reningelst, just 200m from ‘Ondank’. Never before they were shooting so far. The shells are coming from #Quesnoy and #Warneton (#Waasten). Today, the young men of the 2nd half of class 18 have to compare for recruitement in #Watou
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    17th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1052nd day of war
    #France: #Germans capture trenches near #Hertubise. #Portuguese in action for the first time
    2 #Zeppelins raid #Kent and the Eastern Counties: 1 destroyed, 3 killed, 16 injured
    Southern Front: #Austrian attacks on #Asiago Plateau (#Trentino). #Italian advance in #Carso
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: #British troops occupy the sector of #Nieuwpoort: an big offensive is being prepared along the #Flemish coast. 1 #British division arriving and the #French are also preparing, which does not go unnoticed to the #Germans: many places in unoccupied #Flanders are shelled. Many soldiers get wounded. The #British demand the evacuation of #Belgian towns and villages out of fear for spies. In #DePanne the Queen welcomes 65 children from the school of #Vinkem with coffee and delicacies
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: bombarded with all kinds of ammunition: bombs, shells, torpedoes, ‘pigeon’-grenades. No losses
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Road building and repairing in forwards areas: 1 man killed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 14th B'n. 4th Brig. #Australian I.F. relieved by 16th B'n. 4th Brig. #Australian I.F. The enemy still shelling road intermittently and several casualties resulting
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Morning: shells at the mill of Ouderdom, where the tanks are stationed. A report explains that the #British have advanced towards #Hollebeke. A new big hospital between Oudewal and the farms Planckeel and Comyn. The guns are still at farm Planckeel
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    16th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1051st day of war
    Opening in #Petrograd of All-#Russian Congress of Workmen’s an Soldiers’ Delegates
    #Berlin, report: The #British continue vainly to assault our lines in #Flanders
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Gen Anthoine and Co Bultinck. Anthoine commandes the troops of the 1st #French Army in #Boezinge-Drie Grachten
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Evening: to the trenches
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Two teams attached to us from the 290th #Australian Tunneling Co. R.E. These are used on the cross road mostly, as the enemy balloons can observe the lorries, and heavy shelling results
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: At farm Lievens an observation balloon catches fire and the crew jumps out with parachutes, but 30m from the ground the fire catches up with them and their parachutes catch fire. One of them falls on the barn and the barn immediately also catches fire killing the man inside. The other man falls close to the barn as is dead. At the lake near #Zillebeke, most houses are completely destroyed, but the Mayor still lives there. It is incredible how he has survived so close to the frontline
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    15th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1050th day of war
    #German counter-attack SE of Ypres repulsed
    #Berlin, report: The successes of the #British at #Messines and #Wijtschate have considerably been exaggerated
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: At rest
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Part of the 39th #Australian I.F. are withdrawn and replaced by 14th B'n., 4th Brig. #Australian I.F. The work is greatly hindered by shelling, and we have several casualties, as also do the attached infantry. The work on the cross road is advancing rapidly
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells at farm Vandemarliere, 1 soldiers killed. The farmers are suffering tremendously. Oscar Gesquiere had plenty of grassland for his cattle, now there are 3000 horses standing there: he immediately had to sell all of his cattle. There are farmers who one day had plenty of food for their animals and the next they they couldn’t even feed a goat. No too much gunning today, but the lorries with wounded keep driving by
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    14th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1049th day of war
    Successful #British attacks near #Messines, #Germans draw back
    #Zeppelin L43 destroyed by naval forcesin #NorthSea
    Count Esterhazy becomes Prime Minister of #Hungary
    #Londen, report: Important advance E of #Ploegsteert Wood: our troops are chasing the enemy
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Secretary Ingenbleek arrives
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Work from 5-11
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Lieut. Leo. M. Duval awarded the Military Cross. Zillebeke. 1 O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Our reconnaissance parties which investigate in enemy old front line in front of T.121. dO not find any evidences of enemy mining. 4th #NewZealand E. are withdrawn for work elsewhere. Timber for the main road completed, and the road metal and filling are being rushed into place. At 5.00 p.m. an enemy shell sets fire to a nearby ammunition dump, and Sgt. Bear, Sprs. David, Boucher and Smith distinguished themselves by rescuing several men from the burning dump even though the shells were continually exploding. These men all receive immediate awards, M.M. from II #Anzac Corps
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The #Australian guns have been removed from farm Plankeel. Towards Ypres there are guns at all of the farms
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    13th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1048th day of war
    Daylight airplane raid by 14 Gotha bombers on #London: 162 killed, 432 injured. Air defenses around #London are strengthened, the Gotha’s will have to attack by night
    Southern Front: #Austrian attack on Mount #Ortigata repulsed. Further #Allied occupation of #Thessaly
    HMS ‘Avenger’ merchand cruiser, sunk by submarine
    Serious explosion in munitions factory at #Ashton-under-Line
    #Berlin, report: W of Ypres, mine are detonated, causing great destruction in the #British lines. In the Salient of #Wijtschate (#Messines), the #British had hoped to make a breakthrough by detonating huge mines, but the bravery of the #German defenders thwarts their plans, their artillery enduring heavy damage
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to #Amiens, #Neufchâtel and #Dieppe
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Work from 5 until 11
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Road repairing in forward area. 1 man wounded, 3 men killed, 1 missing
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Company are transferred from Xth Corps, 2nd Army, to IInd Corps, Vth Army, and attached to 30th Division for rations and discipline.
    A gallery machine gun emplacement are crumped by enemy shelling: 1 N.C.O. & 4 of our sappers worked 4 hours and dug out and revived 6 M Gunners. 1 O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The work is now mainly on the cross road running north from our main road, which is rapidly nearing completion
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells shot from #Boezinge explode at farm Lamerant. Much ammunition brought to the ‘#Canada’. 40 men from #Dikkebus, used to heavy fire have now been hired to work in #Voormezele at the railroad, they earn 5fr/day. Shells are now again dropping onto the Main Square. Although new wells have been dug, there are now so many men and horses that there is a lack of water. #Messines (#Mesen) heavily shelled in the evening
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    12th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1047th day of war
    #British advance on a 2-mile front NE of #Messines (#Mesen)
    Southern Front: #Allied forces occupy #Larissa (#Thessaly - #Greece) and #Corinth
    Fort of #Salif (#RedSea) destroyed by #British naval forces
    #London, report: In air battles 6 #German planes have been downed, all ours returned safely
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the 4th Karabiniers (6LA) in #StJacobskapelle
    Arthur Pasquier, #Elverdinge: The night is black as ink and the air is moist. Heavy waves of explosions every 10 minutes, like thundering
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: At rest
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 6 men wounded, 1 killed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy evacuated his front line at T.121. The 39th B'n #Australian Inf. relieved the 1st and 2nd B'ns. 3rd #NewZealand R Brig on roadwork. Our transport is now 40 lorries. These are hauling sleepers and road metal
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Quite a bit of shelling during the night. For the time we do not hear much anymore about the battles around Ypres. The #German attacks are not that numerous anymore and they also do not succeed well. Neither do the #British although the report says that the ‘Pottery’ at #Messines (#Mesen) has been captured. A armored train is gunning near Ouderdom. Shells on #Bailleul and many troops moving around
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    11th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1046th day of war
    #British progress on mile front SE of #Messines: ‘La Potterie’ system captured
    Southern Front: #French troops land at #Corinth, #French-#British troops enter #Thessaly
    Abdication of King #Constantine of #Greece in favor of his son Alexander
    #Berlin, report: #British cavalary charging E of #Messines, only pitiful remnants draw back. Astonishly infantry attacks are alternated by cavalry charges in 3 waves on a terrain full of shell craters. Those not getting entangled in the barbed wire or fall into the craters are destroyed by our rapid fire. In a few minutes everything is over and the terrain in front of our trenches is full of dead or dying riders and horses, while the remnants try to save themselves in a furious drawback
    #Reuters: The complete success of the battle yesterday is a guarantee for the final victory in our cause
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Work during the night
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Constructded 2 communication tunnels across nomansland on right of cutting
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 4 Officers & 120 O.R., 30th Division, attached Infantry, return to their Units. 4 Officers & 154 O.R. 30th Division, attached Infantry report for duty. Ypres, 2 O.R. wounded. Company hands over this entire Underground System to the 1st #Australian Tunnelling Coy
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The road is made by grading the ground where the old pave' road used to be. Then laying timber slabs and putting road metal and filling on top of this. Where possible, advantage is taken of the old pave', and the new road is laid alongside. The enemy poisoned all the water in #Messines before he retired, with arsenic
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Enemy assault during the night: the worst is near #Zillebeke, but also in #Wijtschate and #Messines. Heaviest resistance to the #Irish W of #Wijtschate, some say the #German machine gunners have been tied to their MG, so they would not run away. #British soldiers are running around with #German helmets as souvenirs. When going on furlough the #British say they are going to Blyty or the 3 B’s: #Bailleul, #Boulogne and Blyty. They say the word Blyty is of #Indian origin. Most prisoners are #Prussian, some are #Bayerisch. A #German prisoner is brought to farm Verhaege in #DeKlijte, he explains that he was already in the farm in 1914
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    10th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1045th day of war
    #British gain ground in #Messines area
    #Italians advance in #Trentino
    Opening of operations to drive #Germans from estuary of #Lukuledi river (#German E #Africa)
    #British news (Gibbs): There was a dead silence when on the 7th at 3.10am the mine at #Hill60 was detonated. The earthquake split #Hill60 and an outburst of cloud-flames followed
    #Reuters: continued artillery battles in #Flanders
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Prince Albert of #Monaco. #DePanne is heavily shelled. Afternoon snack with 45 children from the school in #Vinkem in #DePanne in Villa StJoseph
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Work at night
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Construct trench through lip of A crater
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 3rd @Otago B'n #NewZealand Inf also withdrawn and replaced by 1st B'n. and 2nd B'n #NewZealand Brig. The craters are gradually being
    filled up. There are two of these side by side, one is about 60 ft
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Quite a bit of gunning during the night. Many people at mass. Quite a bit of house in Dikkebus have now been severely damaged, others are less damaged. The church is in a dire state: several shells fell on the roof and the wall with the marble niche is split. The #British cemetery near Thevelin is now full. There are many #RedCross vehicles and 3 huge dressing stations. As #Wijtschate has been captured civilians are coming back, but there were never less than 300 in Dikkebus. A translator explains to me that the crater of Spanbroekmolen is so big that the 3 churches of #Poperinge would fit inside. In the battle the #Irish Major Redmond, member of the #British Parliament died. He got severely wounded in #Wijtschate and then died in #Loker. The #British newspapers report that the Prime Minister Lloyd George heard the blast of the mines, being in #London
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    9th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1044th day of war
    #Russia: #German proposal for armistice rejected
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the 1st Linie Regiment at #Bulskamp. Visit by the #British General Gough and Uniack
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: Work during the night
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Carrying out small repairs on dugouts
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We throw the road across Steenbeck River which is nearly dry, and we are putting in a culvert with standard mining sets. Our strength of attached lorries from Corps Transport is now 70. These are used for hauling timber slabs, road material, and filling. The road is being carried forward at double width minimum 18 ft. The 3rd #Auckland Bn withdrawn at 10.00 p.m
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The #British are efficient in repulsing #German counter-attacks, but part of #Zillebeke is still in #German hands. There is a rumor that the #Germans are still at #StElooi, a good source tells me this is not true. 6400 prisoners, 132 officers and 21 guns have been taken by the Army under command of General #Plumer. The big prisoners camp is at farm Deweerdt between #Reningelst and #Poperinge. Tonight 45 wagons will take prisoners to #France. Being curious about the numbers of prisoners reported, I investigate how many of them passed through our villages and come to the conclusion, that the official figures must be correct. I find the #British communiques to be trustworthy
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    8th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1043rd day of war
    #USA: Gen #Pershing and staff arrive in #England
    Repulse of #German counterattacks E of #Messines ridge
    Southern Front: #Italians occupy Jannina (#Greek Epirus)
    Occupied #Belgium: The #German Governor imposes the highest prices yet on corn, wheat and bread
    This morning a new assault started on the #Wijtschate-#Messines Ridge
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Parade of the 5LA. Visit to the frontline at #Bootschoeke and #Ramskapelle
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: 2.30am: our trench is shelled: in 1 hour we receive 300-400 shells, but no losses. 3 more times we are shelled today, but no losses. #Messines and #Wijtschate and more than 5000 prisoners have been taken. There is an advance of 3km over a distance of 15km. At 10pm we go into reserve between #Woesten and #Elverdinge
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Ennemy shells the craters consistently
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The II #AnzaC Corps are supplying all road material, and we are working as a Combination Army & Corps troop, everybody under the direction of O.C. this company. 100 O.R. and 3 officers of 4th #NewZealand E. report to us for work on roads. Our work on the road is held back on account of an enemy mine crater blown at crossing of Steenbeck River. The 3rd #Auckland B'n., #NewZealand Inf. attached to us for work
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: An observation balloon is now above #DeKlijte. #Bailleul is being shelled. At #Hollandse Schuur (near #Wijtschate) the #German trenches have completely been demolished. The bodies are still lying around and there is a unbearable stench hanging around. 8.30pm the #German counterattack around #Messines (#Mesen). The #Germans also try in vain to assault Klein #Zillebeke
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    7th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1042nd day of war
    #Messines-#Wijtschate: After a weeks long barrage of almost 4 million shells by 2000 guns, the Battle of Messines starts. #British, #Australians, #NewZealanders and #SouthAfricans, #Irish and #Ulster troops capture the Messines-Wijtschate Ridge after exploding 19 mines. The biggest explosion of explosives in human history up until this time, only surpassed in power when the atom bomb explodes. The blast is registered in #Paris as an earth quake. Prime minister Lloyd George writes in his diary that he heard the blast. 9 miles of front line are stormed and 6400 prisoners taken. The Ridge Battle is in preparation of a big offensive between the ‘Leie’ and the #NorthSea with the goal of capturing #Oostende and #Zeebrugge, ports where many of the #German U-boats depart. In the past months the U-boats have been sinking a greater tonnage of ships than can even be produced so thatthere shortages that on long term would lead to the #Allies losing the war. The offensive is also meant to relieve the #French as in the previous months large parts of the #French Army have been in mutiny. Later the official #German history of WW1 would mention that if the main battle after Messines Ridge (#Passchendaele) would not have happened, #Germany would have won the war. The Messines Battle has 17000 casualties on #Allied and 25000 casualties on #German side
    Southern Front: #Austrian attack on #Vodice repulsed
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by General Pétain. The King and the Queen make a flight by plane, probably the first flight of the Queen
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: At 3.10am the #British launch an gas attack on in front of Ypres. At the same time a unseen bombardment occurs, what a spectacle! From our side only the firing of our guns is visible. On the enemy side the sky is torn by fire, numerous balls of fire: yellow, red, green, white. The #Germans must be in agony. To our right the gunning stops at 4am, but around Ypres it continues until 10am
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Mines blow at zero hour (3.10am). A-charge (Hill60), depth 90’: 53000lbs – 3 series each of 5 detonations. B-charge (Caterpillar), depth 100’: 70000lbs - 3 series each of 5 detonations. A (Hill60): crater 191’ wide, 33’ deep; B (Caterpillar): crater 260’ wide, 51’ deep
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 4 Officers and half a section of our sappers are told off on 5th inst. for duty at each of these Underground Systems. At 3.10 A.M. the British bombardment and attack begins. At Mount Sorrel several of our men follow the Infantry and take possession of the underground #German workings: (about 1200 ft of galleries are found) meanwhile others connect the British & German underground systems by driving a short gallery from Sudbury Listening Post; this connection is made by midday and is immediately used to bring up Infantry reinforcements. By 7.30am our sappers have excavated and completed an Artillery O.P. and by 7.30pm a battered #German dug-out has been fixed up as a Battalion Forward Command Station (cont). At TOR TOP the enemy attacks both morning and afternoon and by heavily shelling the British communication trenches, (#StPeter & #DavidsonStreets) prevent reinforcements from getting up. Our sappers are, therefore, called into the frontline & help the Infantry to repel the attack. Our casualties for the day are, at #MountSorrel, 2 O.R. wounded, one of these die later: at Tor Top, 7 O.R. wounded. Ypres, 4 O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: In conjunction with attack on #Messines Ridge, at 3.10. a.m. we explode two mines at T122 and two mines at T.127 in front of Ploegsteert Wood. All four blows are successful, an average of about 40,000 lbs of ammonal in each at average depth of 70 ft. At 10.30 a.m. we establish a dump at and in the afternoon we move our men into this camp ready to commence work, on the main #WULVERGEM-#MESSINES Road. This road the company has been allotted to repair immediately after capture of town of #Messines. 30 lorries attached to us for work on this road from 'F' Group, 'Y' Corps Siege Park. About 3.00 p.m. we begin work on the road. The 3rd #Otago B'n. #NewZealand Inf.
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: My room is particularly well located. The window faces South-East: no houses and only few trees towards #Wijschate. I will be able to see the artillery fire from my bed. It is just 3am when the first daylight appears. And then all of a sudden the most beautiful fireworks I ever saw being lit in #Flanders. Particularly fierce above #Wijtschate and a little less on both sides. A volcano as if the South-East is blasting fire. No doubt these are the mines of #Wijstschate, #Messines and #Hill60. It takes a few seconds before we feel the shocks. It is truly an earthquake taking 1 minute. At the same time all the guns (probably 1000 – actually 2000) are blasting. Hellish music, gruesome spectacle. Thousands of gun blasts every minute under a rain of fire and rattling of shells and shrapnel exploding. If it were not a slaughter of men, it could be called fantastic. It is not possible to take the eyes away from it, wanting to be nearer to see still better. For us witnesses it means nothing, but what must it be like for the 100.000 men living and grubbing in that pool of fire? I shave myself and when I leave for Dikkebus at 5.30am, the gunning has not dimished. There are 14 people present at mass and the altar is shaking continuously. A procession of horses is moving through Dikkebus to resupply the guns. The artillery moves forward to château Segard (which the #Australians named château Cigar). Every 15 minutes groups of #Germans prisoners pass by going towards #Westouter. At 9.30am we learn that #Wijtschate and #Mesen have been captured. I go to the ‘Rode Berg’ and see that Wijtschate is completely desolate, no trace of the village is visible
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    6th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1041st day of war
    #France: Unsuccessful #German attacks at #CheminDesDames
    Southern Front: Further heavy fighting on #Carso, #Austrians take 10.000 prisoners
    #Russia: Collaps after #Kronstadt revolt after negotiations with Provisional Government
    #Reuters, #London: Reports about the bombardment of #Oostende show that no damage has been done to the civilian houses, only damage to buildings for shipping. In the Ypres Salient the situation is still tense, with reports of important upcoming events
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: Incessant thundering of guns (Ypres) heard, even during the night: so intense that it I not possible to distinguish individual blasts
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: At last our gear is arriving from #Calais. Tonight we will be able to sleep in a barn on straw sacks and under covers, enjoying life, no?
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: 30 shells are shot at the enemy at 4.30pm. #German trench mortar retaliates to our side of the #Ieperlee: a concrete bunker with 2 machineguns is destroyed, another concrete bunker is torn, many wooden dugouts are destroyed, an arm is projected into the canal, a metal plate of 60kg is thrown into our line and much concrete and wood. Relief at midnight
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Exits opened for tunnels for infantry
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Lieut. Lavery and 17 O.R. reported to 9th B'n, 3rd #Australian Div. for the work of dug-out reconnaissance, and the search for booby traps
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: heaviest shelling of #British batteries. German planes during the night bombarding: 2 bombs land between officers horses, 55 are killed. The closest observation balloons are even up during the night. Shells on #Loker and #Poperinge. The horse of wwe Vermeulen’s from Dikkebus is killed by a shell in #Poperinge. At farm Gesquiere a shell kills 4 artillery officers. An officer tells us at lunch that the assault will take place at 3am tomorrow morning. We are of course told to keep it quiet, although I hear the same news from different sides the same day. Silence in the evening: quiet before the storm
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    5th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1040th day of war
    Air-raid on #Thames and #Medway: 13 killed, 34 wounded, 6 planes destroyed
    Continued artillery barrage at #Wijtschate (#Messines)
    Southern Front: #Italians continued withdrawal S of #Jamiano
    Naval action in #NorthSea: #German destroyer sunk. #Oostende bombarded from the sea
    #Berlin, report: Plane observations confirm the destruction by #German artillery of #British artillery at #Wijtschate (#Messines). #Belgian villages behind the frontline, like #Wervik, are being destroyed by the #British with the heaviest calibers
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the airbase at #Coudekerque. The King flies on a height of 1000m with Pilot #Babington, Co of the 18th Squadron
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: When I feel depressed, I think of family. When will I be back home? When will I have my own house with flowers, my books and my wife? Since the war started, only few are left from our unit: 42 of 220
    Jacobus Winters, #Boezinge: At midnight I go on guard. It is so quiet here with the #Geramns on the other side of the #Ieperlee. One would like sing or talk, but you have to keep quiet or you’ll get a shell on your head
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Great artillery activity, many crums repaired
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The #Russian Saps at T.123 are already braced with timber to resist the blow at T.122 and T.127. These saps should prove of great value when the offensive commences
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Several shells on farms also in #Poperinge and 2km from #Abele. Many shells on #Bailleul, where a munition train with 14 wagons explodes; much damage in the town, all the windows are broken. Tanks are moving to the frontline during the night. Wherever these monsters come everything is pressed into the ground like into butter. 1 #German officer and 75 men taken prisoner. Raids every night
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    4th of June
    Today 1917
    The 1039th day of war
    Continued gunning around #Wijtschate (#Messines)
    #French air-raid by night on #Trier
    Eastern Front: General #Brusilow appointed CinC of #Russian armies. The condition of the #Russian Army has considerably deteriorated
    Southern Front: Very heavy fighting on the #Carso
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: heaviest gunning heard from #Zeebrugge, Westende and further West
    #Berlin, report: gunning around #Wijtschate (#Messines), one prisoner taken
    #London, report: Airbase of #SintDenijsWestrem successfully bombed. Seaplanes bombed #Zeebrugge and schips in the port of #Brugge
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to #Dieppe, #Rouen,…
    René Deckers, #Noordschote: We are attacked with tear gas
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Adj Hautregard killed as the munition depot blows up. I replace him tonight in 1st line
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Preparations completed for the blow (#Messines Ridge Battle)
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy drops 10 190mm Naval Shells into our headquarters camp. We scatter the men into the adjacent fields and avoided casualties
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Severe shelling Louis Ghys’ wife severely wounded in 3 places, but not dangerous. Her nephew slightly wounded. #Reningelst shelled: the Main Square is aimed at. Shelling also in #DeKlijte and #Poperinge. Looking from the #RodeBerg, #Wijtschate looks like hell, impossible to imagine there are still people there. The gunning by the #British is at least 5 times as big as that of the #Germans. Impressive to see the barrage on #Wijtschate while #German shells whizz over our heads. 50 shells on Château Behaeghel. The barrage at night is so fierce that one would think the offensive has started. 47 #German prisoners taken
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    3rd of June
    Today 1917
    The 1038th day of war
    #France: Intense artillery duel near #Wijtschate (#Messines)
    Southern Front: #Austrians repulsed E of #Gorizia. Great #Austrian counter-offensive on #Carso
    Aerodromes at #Zeebrugge and #Brugge again heavily bombed
    #Austrian torpedo-boat sunk by submarine
    #Proclamation of #Albanian independence under #Italian protection
    #Berlin, report: Near #Wijtschate (#Messines) the artillery battle reaches a exceptional intensity continuing in the night
    #London, report: both sides mount considerable artillery exchanges near Ypres. Commander of the fleet near #Dunkerque: the port and channel to #Brugge bombarded with good result
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Afternoon snack for the children of the school of #Vinkem
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Changing of the guard at 5pm
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Activity both below and on surface
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. killed 7 O.R. wounded, one O.R. gassed. Two O.R. died of wounds, 1 O.R. wounded Ypres
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: It has been decided not to blow our offensive mines at T.121. The upper levels of these have been strutted to withstand the blow at T122
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: A series of farms are hit by shells. At farm Dauchy, the mother and 1 daughter are buried under the rubble and burn to death. I am astonished to see the usual number of people at mass although the danger is increasing. Today I see for the first time a tri-plane. Very intense gunning, 1 big smoke cloud above #Wijtschate. 17 #German prisoners pass through #Westouter. It’s incredible to see the number of soldiers in #Reningelst: I estimate 45.000 and 15.000 horses. At least 250 cars and lorries driving by every hour. In the streets of #Reningelst it’s now more busy than in the main streets of #Brussel. At the mill of Cambron, 18.000 horses drive by. The street is now called the horseshitstreet. There are now more gun barrels smoking than chimneys at the time in Dikkebus
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    2nd of June
    Today 1917
    The 1037th day of war
    Artillery activity near #Wijtschate
    #British transport ‘Cameronian’ sunk in the #Mediterranean: 63 live lost
    #Brazil revokes her neutrality as between #USA and #Germany. #Brazil seizes ships in #Brazilian waters
    The #Canadian ace #BillyBishop attack a #German airfield on his own and receives the #VictoriaCross. At the end #BillyBishop will have 72 victories on his name
    #Berlin, report: In #Wijtschate the artillery fire is now a destruction fire. At #StElooi, #Wijtschate and #Mesen (#Messines) a devastating barrage with the biggest calibers of shells is thundering onto the #German trenches and the area behind. #German batteries and trench mortars answer fiercly. Numerous explosions everywhere
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: 4-6am: planes passing over and pounding the #Belgian Coast. Bombs are dropped on the seaport of #Brugge and #Zeebrugge. The heaviest bombardment ever: everything is shaking by the big blasts. The planes are heavily shot at
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The King goes on visit to the 2LA in preparation of the upcoming 3rd Battle of Ypres
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Working at the ‘Bau Rouge’ from 5-9pm. On guard at ‘De Wippe’
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noise heard. Artillery very active. Preparing struts to strengthen galleries for blows (#MineBattle)
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 1-11pm: An Infantry bombing party stars for G Sap but is beaten back by a barrage of shrapnel and suffers casualties. 1 N.C.O. & 2 of our sappers were to have followed the raiders over and destroyed enemy TMs. had the raid succeeded. 2- 3am: An enemy party, about 30 strong, approaches our lines and throws some bombs but on our men retaliating they withdraw. 1 O.R. killed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We are rushing everything to completion. The underground workings are now already rationed for a five day bombardment and we are ready for the coming offensive
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Heaviest shelling during the first part of the night. The silverwork of the church is moved to #Abele because of the uncertainty of the upcoming offensive. My brother Joseph has arrived on furlow. 50m from where I am standing a #British plane lands down with the pilot severely wounded by a bullet. The #German positions in #Wijtschate are again severely shelled
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    1st of June
    Today 1917
    The 1036th day of war
    Continued artillery duel in #Wijtschate (#Messines)
    Southern Front: Successful #Italian attack in #Carso
    #Zeebrugge, #Oostende and #Brugge heavily bombed by RNAS
    #Socialist revolt at #Kronstadt against #Russian Provisional Government
    Occupied #Belgium: #KingAlbert signs a law by which all #German seizure of public and private property in occupied territory is nullified
    #Berlin, report: Strong artillery actions near #Wijtschate (#Messines) and Ypres. The #German artillery with support from planes continues to pound #British batteries with success. Seaplanes bombard the #German positions at #Zeebrugge, #Brugge and #Oostende. Several tons of explosives are dropped
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the 3LA with General Dujardin
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: A sad day. We see a column of smoke. Our dwellings are burning. Nothing can be saved. I lose dear memories. All my new clothing and gear go up in flames, I am like Job without clothes. Only an old dirty jacket is left. Some artillery soldiers were making fries, when the pot fell over and the oil fell into the coal. The flames immediately reached the straw roof. We receive a strong reprimand from the Captain. In such circumstances it’s better to stay calm. Being poor is not wrong, but getting angry is. During the war you become philosophical, you become stronger whatever happens. I am one of the first ones to pat some men on the shoulder to encourage them. The injust reprimand is the most difficult to cope with. As soldiers life can be difficult. You have to help yourself when being under machine gun fire, if you are doing reconnaissance with the revolver in your hand and up to the waste in water, if you get wounded or become sick or one of your men makes an error. Whatever you do, you can never be sure to have done the correct thing
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: At rest
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy artillery active. DR and #Anzac gallery: distant face work and sandbag dragging heard. Preparing accommodation for attack. 1 man wounded
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Strength of Company 33 Officers and 915 O.R.(all attached Infantry included.)
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: On account of the very heavy shelling we move our billets from Covent Gardens on the Strand to the new Shelter Tunnels at #Hill63 near Red Lodge. We are just in time, for a few hours after we move, the enemy shells our old billets heavily
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shelling during the night. We are woken up by a munition depot exploding behind ‘Baes’. This morning a shell explodes 50 feet away from me. More shells during mass. De prayer day at #DeKlijte is a success: many communions, but not many people, which is understandable as the conditions are very difficult now. Farm Leroy with another munition depot burns down. We observe how #Wijtschate and the surrounding area is full of smoke and explosions
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    31th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1035th day of war
    #France: Violent artillery action in Ypres and #Wijtschate (#Messines) salients
    #Austrian counter-attack in #Vodice sector repulsed
    #Berlin, report: the artillery battles in the evening in the sectors at the coast in the dunes and in the area of #Wijtschate (#Messines) of great intensity. Our positions at #StElooi, #Wijtschate, #Warneton and #Messines under heaviest fire. Enemy patrols are thrown back or taken prisoner
    #KingAlbert receives the #Brasilian Senator Machado, accompanied by ambassador Moreira
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to the 4LA (#Boezinge and #Lizerne)
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: We are relieved and go to rest
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Strength of Company, 33 Officers and 948 O.R
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 2650 feet of 6 ft 6 in tunnel were driven in Hill 63 to be used by the infantry as shelters from shell-fire. The Following Officers, N.C.O's, and men have received decorations, and have been mentioned in despatches while with this Unit : Major A.W. Davis. D.S.O. mentioned in Despatches, London Gazette, Capt. A.C. Young, Sapper C. Lowden C.S.M., W. Blathwayt awarded the Croix de Guerre
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Farm Goethals heavily shelled, the widow flees during the night; the next moring she finds blood all over the place and several bodies of soldiers. At ‘Groenen Jager’ and ‘Café Français’ 13 and 30 horses killed. #Dranouter heavily shelled during the night. Transport will now be done through small paths. At the Main Square a big gun has been destroyed. 9pm: in #Dranouter an observation balloon burns. Continuously people are fleeying with their furniture and their animals
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    30th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1034th day of war
    Southern Front: #Austria reported to ask for #German assistance for #Trieste
    E #Africa: #German forces break S from #Rufiji towards #Portuguese territory
    #Berlin report: Continuing lively gunning around #Wijtschate (#Messines)
    #Haig: General Haig expresses his gratitude towards #KingAlbert in letter praising the artillery regiment having served under #British command
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by #Pétain cancelled
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: In support with the artillery
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Heavy enemy trench mortar activity. All quiet underground. Footage: #Newcastle: 96’6’’; #Ipswich: 9’3’’; #Berlin: 12’7’’; #Moreland: 5’
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 4 Officers and 139 O.R. 30th Division attached Infantry, reported for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Our artillery put over a large number of gas shells. These are mostly of the Stokes type, and as the wind was very favourable, we have no trouble as the gas does not come back to our lines
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again heavy shelling during the whole of the night (towards #Wijtschate-#Messines). 1 soldier dies behind the house of Vermeulen, 1 near Baeke and 4 at the house of Hennin
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    29th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1033rd day of war
    #France: #StQuentin and #Champagne: heavy artillery and small patrol actions
    Southern Front: #Austrian attacks on #Vodice (#Italy) fail
    #French liner ‘Yarra’ torpedoed in #Mediterranean: 56 lost. HMS ‘Hillary’ sunk, 4 lost. #Russian naval raid on #Anatolian Coast
    #Berlin, report: Heavy artillery activity near #Wijtschate
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Trip to #NeufchâtelEnBray and #Dieppe. Secret meeting with Gen Harry Jungbluth, head of the Military House
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Appointed to organize the transport with ‘Decauville’ trains. 1 wagon overturns and causes the leg fracture of soldier Peters
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Bore-holes are being put in the end of #Russian Saps T.123. These will be loaded and blown during the coming offensive
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again very heavy #Geramn artillery shelling during the night, but they get much more shelling from the #Allied side. Shells and shrapnel on the Square of Dikkebus, and other places. Many horses in #Westouter. On the Mountain (#Kemmel?) it is visible that the #German lines are most heavily shelled. In the evening still more guns are brought in
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    28th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1032nd day of war
    #France: #German attacks near #Hurtebise repulsedEastern
    Southern Front: #Italian guns within 10 miles of #Trieste: 24.000 prisoners in last fortnight
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I am tasked with the guard of the ‘Decauville’ train wagons. Guard finished at 2am
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy activity on the surface very violent all night
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We are rushing the Shelter Tunnels at Hill 63 to completion, and have commenced flooring with one inch Forrest planking. Infantry at T.123 raids enemy at 2 a.m. Enemy retaliates with a heavy bombardment, but no damage done
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 13 communions. Horrible night. Heaviest shelling until 4am. At 2am gas alarm: it’s raining gas shells. In #Scottish Wood many soldiers poisoned, soldiers die at farm Cafmayer by gas. The #Germans are trying to thwart the upcoming #British offensive
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    27th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1031st day of war
    #France: Actions along #Moronvillers, #Verdun, #Alsace
    Southern Front: #Italians advance in #Carso, #Autrians clam 13.000 prisoners
    #Germany threatens to sink at sight all hospital ships in the #Mediterranean
    #Reuters, #Belgium: There is reign of fear in Belgium: every month about 1000 #Belgians are condemned before courts for serving their Country. 42 death sentences have been pronounced in 3 months, by one court only. Belgium is infested by spies. There are fierce cross hearings and abuses with which the #Germans try to get confessions. In most cases the accused are refused a #Belgian lawyer, only the Governor can approve this
    #Berlin, report, Pr Rupprecht of #Bayern, #Wijtschate: increased artillery exchanges, several #British assaults thrown back
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by the #Anglican Bisschop Bury. The Queen has an afternoon snack with 15 children of the school complex from Vinkem in De Panne
    Arthur Pasquier, #Elverdinge: I am now stationed in a reserve battery. We do not fire often, but not too long ago we were given a heavy 150mm bombardment. No casualties. The most disturbing are the gas attacks. Each time the wind is unfavourable we have to put on the ‘stinking’ tube (gasmask) with screaming horns and sirens. The prospect of dying by asphyxiation or being burnt by the corrosive gases is particularly hateful. Thinking about that, we curse science that allows such gruesome discoveries
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Guards work from 9pm
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 2 entombed listeners are rescued, 1 man wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: It has been decided not to blow the mine at T.121.
    in the coming offensive. Consequently the galleries are being strutted to withstand the shock of the other mine blows. This will insure that the system will be intact in case the offensive is not wholly successful
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 43 communions. 2 shells on the stable of Adriaen and 1 on the house. They escape, being in the cellar, but 4 black people are killed, 3 are wounded. A munition depot explodes as Celeste Planckeel. In #Reningelst the people thought it was a shell exploding just near them. Even in #Abele the blast is heard. A shrapnel explodes near people going to mass: 3 people severely wounded of which 2 are from #Loker, 2 of them die. Shells coming from #Boezinge in the evening. A munition depot explodes near farm Dalle and a shell falls on stable of Verraes of #Vlamertinge. At noon we get the visit of Major O’Riordan, the great nephew of Daniel O’Connell, the great #Irish leader
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    26th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1030th day of war
    #France: 3 successful #German attacks in #Champagne
    Southern Front: #Italians take and lose #Konstanjevica and capture 10 guns
    Hospitalship ‘#Dover Castle’ torpedoed twice in the #Mediterranean and sunk, 6 lost. #French Marine staes that the #Germans have sunk 2.4 million tons in the first 4 monts. #Brazil annuls its neutrality decree
    Occupied #Belgium, #Frankfurter Zeitung: Belgium will now pay a war tribute of 60million/month
    #Berlin, report, Pr Rupprecht of #Bayern, #Wijtschate: increase artillery exchanges, several #British attacks thrown back
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Baron de Broqueville in #Steenbourg (#France)
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Work in the 1st line
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 8.45pm: heavy enemy mine blown up cratering in no mans land between #Anzac shaft and the Cutting, considerably damaging our system at A, B, Beta and C and breaking some leads. No attempt is made by the enemy to occupy the crater, 3 wounded.
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. accidentally injured
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Started a Petrol Store for Tanks at Sheet 28 T.18.a.8.0. This will have twelve feet headcover, and have a reinforced concrete covering
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Many new guns, some of them at farm Baes: the they look like 220mm but have very long barrels. They are operated by #Australians. They are covered with iron nets woven through them green ribbons for camouflage. At Ouderdom more tanks have arrived and have been hidden. At some farms black people have arrived from the #WestIndies-#Jamaica: they are dressed like the #British, but the people don’t like them because of steeling. I found a letter from one of their mothers: even the #Belgians could not have written such a deep Christian letter! The black people are extremely afraid of the explosions: they stare bewilderd and terrified and if a shell drops nearby, they flee in panick. A new smokeless train runs from the lake to the chateau of lady De Gheus. The #Germans sometimes shoot at it, but that doesn’t prevent them doing their work. On the other side of the lake the are is full of little heaps of munition, like manure heaps on the field. In Dikkebus many fields with crops and pastures are now occupied. The Security and Intelligence Service from #Poperinge is very alert. You have to be very careful with your words. They move around as simple soldiers, sometimes full of mud from the trenches and they visit the pubs and move among the people. The College of #Poperinge has again been moved because of the danger
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    25th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1029th day of war
    #France: #German success at #CheminDesDames. #French success near #Moronvillers
    Airplane raid on E Coast: 95 killed, 192 injured, 3 raiders brought down
    Southern Front: #Italian progress on the #Isonzo and S #Carso
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by General #Haig. He explains his plans to mount an offensive towards the #Flemish Coast, preluded by an offensive towards the Ridge of #Messines and #Wijtschate. Astonishly these offensives have been planned, not by the Army but by the respective governments in #Paris and #London. The offensives will take place because of the huge losses in tonnage of ships sunk by the U-boats. More tonnage of ships is being sunk than can even be produced in the #USA
    René Deckers, #Noordschote: Today I am at observation post 8, observing the visit of #KingAlbert and #QueenElisabeth
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Working at night on the 1st line
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Usual sound in A gallery, 2 wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T.127 emergency rations are being placed at the foot of the shaft in case the shaft-head should be blown in and the men entombed. Our T.M's bombard enemy with gas shells at T.121-123. The gas blows back and our men have to use gas helmets. No casualties
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The chapel of the College of #Poperinge heavily damaged by very heavy shells falling on the town. Many more artillery arriving in the area. Some civilians are now also fleeing from #Reningelst (6 miles from the frontline): this is difficult to understand for those still living in #Dikkebus (1 mile from the frontline). Douglas #Haig is in #Westouter today, in the afternoon going to the Rode Berg. The #German trenches are again heavily shelled
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    24th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1028th day of war
    #France: #French line round #Craonne improved
    Southern Front: Further #Italian gains in S #Carso, #Austrian counterattacks fail
    #Japanese flotilla announced in the #Mediterranean
    #Berlin, report: Pr. Rup.v.#Bayern : Near #Wijtschate after a preceeding barrage, #British reconnaissance units push forward, but they are thrown back in man-to-man fighting
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: A number of planes flying from W to S is observed. At 6pm they are heavily shot at above the #Belgian coast. Possibly the planes bombard the new airstrip. Heavy explosion in the evening
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: B
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: 9am: a shell and 2 shrapnel explode on the farmyard, no injuries. We work on the line at night
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Face work heard in DR
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: One hundred and fifty O.R. and two officers 36th #Australian Imperial Forces relieve 33rd#Australian Imperial Forces attached infantry for work on #Australian front. 3rd #Australian Div. put gas over on their front. The wind is favourable and it appears to be successful
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Many more field artillery has arrived. Tanks are hidden under tents on the fields of Cyriel Jacobs at ‘Ouderdom’. The camp commander puts up a sign indicating that no damage should be done to the #French crops, as they also are making sacrifices for the war and the crops are needed… no word about the #Belgians! Do these peope know they are in #Belgium? Or has #Belgium been dissolved? Shells on #Poperinge in the evening
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    23rd of May
    Today 1917
    The 1027th day of war
    #France: #Zeppelin raid E. Counties, 1 killed
    Southern Front: #Carso: great #Italian advance. Ten #British batteries engaged: 9000 prisoners
    Raid by mounted troops on #BirEsSaba (#Palestine)
    16 #German Gotha Bombers start a new era, by attacking #London from #Belgian bases. The darkness thwarths the attack, but they drop their bombs more to the E, killing 100 #Canadians in a military basis
    #Berlin, report: Lively artillery activity near #Wijtschate
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the trenches of the 3LA and 2ndCav. The King refuses the Command over a combined #Belgian-#French force on constitutional grounds, a standpoint he will clarify when General #Haig will visit him
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Move to farm ‘Casablanca’. I am tasked with taking over the inventory
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Footage of tunneling: #Perth: nil; #Ipswich: 14’6’’; #Newcastle 6’10’’; #Moreland: 3 exits to surface
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: night: an enemy raiding party is beaten off by Lewis gunfire
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Attention has been given to the electric leads and
    exploders. These are all in splendid shape, and should do very efficient work when required
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again big movement of artillery going to the frontline during the night. I go to #Poperinge in the afternoon. While being at the house of teacher Nollet, the town is being shelled. In Dikkebus 3 #British planes are shot down. We rarely see a #German plane being downed. But the #British reports continue declaring that more #German planes than #British ones are downed
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    22nd of May
    Today 1917
    The 1026th day of war
    #France: Confused fighting on th #Arras front. Successful #French actions on the #Aisne front
    Southern Front: #Italians frustrate hostile attacks in #Travignolo valley
    Demolition of 13 miles of Hejaz Railway by #Anzac Mounted Brigade and Camel Corps
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: My friend Emiel Devester comes on visit, he has just been made officer. When will be my turn? But I don’t ask for it, it’s not my career, I just do my job
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy extremely active during the night on the surface. Usual noises in A gallery. Leads are correct
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T121 we are placing an emergency store of timber, rations, and tools so that in case of a cave in, or a blow the men will be able to dig themselves out, and at most keep alive until rescued
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: I bury little Margriet in the war cemetery. The preparations on the upcoming offensive on #Wijtschate (#Messines Ridge) are becoming more and more visible. At the back of the frontline, there are guns everywhere, ready to move to the frontline during the night. There are many new camps and CinC Douglas #Haig is in #Reningelst today. #German shells land in #Poperinge near ‘‘t Vogeltje’
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    21st of May
    Today 1917
    The 1025th day of war
    #France: #British capture #Siegfried Line from #Bullecourt to #Arras. #French claim great success on #Moronvillers Ridge
    Southern Front: Severe fighting in the #Travignolo Valley (#Trentino)
    Mr. Albert Thomas, #French Minister of Munitions speaks with effect in #Moscow
    #Berlin, report Army Group Prince Rupprecht of #Bayern: Lively artillery activity around Ypres all of the day
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Baron Moncheur
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Working from 5 to 9. On patrol one first gets the impression, there is danger everywhere, but after some time everything seems safe. As long as one keeps quiet
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Usual sounds in A gallery. 3 men wounded, 1 killed
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 3am: A small #British raiding party enters enemy trenches opposite Mount Sorrel and returns safely with Information. One O.R. wounded at YPRES
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Men had to be withdrawn from Russian Saps T.123 on account of enemy retaliation from our bombardment
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Many guns drive past in the night. Visit to the ‘Leene’ (#Lijssenthoek) ambulance: very beautifully arranged with flowerbeds. There are now 3800 soldiers buried in the cemetery. A grave is dug where each time 2 soldiers are buried
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    20th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1024th day of war
    #France: #Germans gain 200 yards NE of #Cerny
    Southern Front: #Austrian attacks on the #Carso beaten off
    #USA: A division starts at once for #France under Gen #Pershing. Mr #Roosevelt’s offer declined
    Conscription bill announced and well-received in #Canada
    #Russia: Provisional Government recognizes debt of honour to #Allies and repudiates peace talk
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the trench of the 4thLinReg in #Noordschote. Arrival of Maj Gordon, probably in preparation of the visit of Gen Haig
    Arthur Pasquier, #Elverdinge: These days are very busy and go by very fast. We fire at least once a day, but each time quite a number of projectiles. There is much less rifle fire here. We sometimes walk in full view of the enemy without being shot at. A #British pilot downs a #German observation balloon. From time to time I now give instruction in aiming and shooting. There are numerous batteries in our sector. 300 shots of 150mm on a small 75mm gun escapes without a scratch. 350 shots on our #British neighbour and we only get some shrapnel flying over
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Confession and communion at 7.30am. The bard of Cardoen has been transformed into the parish church of #Elverdinge. It is moving to have mass there and it makes me think of the time of #French revolution, when it was forbidden to go to mass. In those days they would go to church in secret in a barn. Prayer is much better in a barn than in a church
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: All quiet on suface and underground
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: No new work has been done in our existing mine system at T.121, but a good shaft-house has been built, and a dugout completed underground for sleeping purposes
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 67 people at mass at 100 at high mass. Soon there will also be guns at the little wood of Baes. Some #British men are playing football in the area of their battery. The Mayor warns: they will be shot at and the #Belgians will again be accused of spying. It only takes one hour later it rains shells on the position and 20 soldiers are wounded. And indeed again the #Belgians are again said to be responsible, what an arrogance! Shelling of the farms Huyghe and Dalle with a munition depot exploding, of which the shock is felt in #Reningelst. More than 200 inhabitants still live in Dikkebus, together with almost 70 refugees
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    19th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1023rd day of war
    #France: #British push forward beyond #Bullecourt. Fighting about #CheminDes Dames
    Eastern Front: #Russian Army at the Front remains passive
    Southern Front: #Austrians fail to recover the heights of #Gorizia
    #Nicaragua severs diplomatic relations with #Germany
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Our guard duty is finished and we move to a barrack at the beautiful farm Cardoen occupied by the #British. I sleep on a straw bag in a small schack with Emiel Devester
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy blows up a mine at 5.50pm, cratering near LP 2 & 3. No damage done to our mining system. #Anzac shaft reopened and the air is now good
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Our shallow saps to the right of trench 119 are still
    flooded, and we are patrolling these several times daily and listening on surface
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 3pm: the #Germans at #Langemark shell farm Dalle and pub ‘Den Hert’. A tent is destroyed near the oven schak of Jan Plak. Mrs Plak said that things went not too bad, most shells did not hit and with that she has forgotten the shelling. At 6pm shells on farm Huyghe: one on the chicken den: this time the shells come from #Wijtschate. I go for a walk to Scherpenberg. The hill top is occupied by #British and forbidden for civilians, but a little lower access is allowed. It’s a clear day with a perfect view towards the #German lines. All open ground with pillars of smoke everywhere as the #British are shelling the area continuously. The #German are shelling farm Goudeseune in #Kemmel. I meet some inhabitants of Dikkebus, returning from #Wulvergem, where they have been working just 1 mile from the frontline
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    18th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1022nd day of war
    #France: #Germans concentrate on the #California Plateau and #CheminDesDames
    Southern Front: #Italians extend their hold on #Vodice and Hill 652
    #Russia: the #Duma urges loyalty to the #Allies on Provisional Government
    #USA: #Congress passes Army Bill: 500.000 must be mustered in September. Medical Corps reaches #England
    #Britain: The #Imperial War Graves Commission (later, the ‘Commenwealth’ WGC) is tasked with burying the dead. It is decided that the bodies of the fallen will not be brought back home. In 1937 there would be 437 cemeteries with 240.000 dead. Of those only 92.000 were known soldiers. The headstones will be hewn in Ypres
    #USA: #Congress approves het ‘Selective Service Act’ calling to duty men 21-30yrs
    #London, report: Enemy attacks E of #Loos, NE of #Armentières(#Ploegsteert) and E of Ypres repulsed
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: Coming back from #Oostvleteren I am welcomed by a trumpets and bugles in all farms and barracks. Joined by horns, triangles and sirens in this warning of a gas attack. I take my gas masks from its pacage and put it around my neck, all fear dissappeares. All units execute the order. The horse stables are emptied and the artillery suppliers flee along the main road. These disorderly loud groups unnecessarily increase the panic, because 20 minutes later the gas alarm is cancelled, signalling the end of the attack. I have not smelled any gas
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: 3am: back from work
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Heavy enemy artillery activity from 9.30pm-4am, no damage to the wiring system. We blow 3 mines at 10.15pm: 600lbs, 1000lbs and 400lbs of ammonal
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: At night, after a heavy bombardment, the enemy enters our trenches & takes prisoner an infantryman
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Our Front which extends from C.16.b.7.6. Sheet to our right flank to the 3rd #Australian Division, and from there to our left flank by the 1st #NewZealand Division
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Many new #British observation balloons in the area: about 1 every 3 kilometers. The #Germans have much less observation balloons. Every the #British are growing vegetables: some gardens are well-tended, others not. In ‘MicMac’ camp (farm Coene) they are planting potatoes more than 1 foot deep and then they are astonished they do not grow!
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    17th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1021st day of war
    #France: #British complete the capture of #Bullecourt. #KingAlbert of the #Belgians visists the #Somme, #Ancre and #Arras battlefields
    Eastern Front: Intense enemy fire on #Russian trenches near #Kukhary
    Southern Front: #Italians supported by #British heavy artillery stick to #Kuk, #Vudice, #Santo
    #Kurds attack #Russian rear near #Khanikin
    #Honduras severs diplomatic relations with #Germany
    #USA Minister in #Belgium issues damning report on #German deportations
    Raoul Snoeck, #Paris: Since 2 days in Paris. I visit ‘Garche’ and the weather is splendid. In the garden the women swing back and forth relentlessly. The fasten their skirts, but they do it above their knees, to show off their perfectly beautiful legs. Oh, these women! We go back with an empty stomach along a shadowy path. Many stars in the sky
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Back from work at 2.30am. Enjoy rest after 4 hours of work and 4 hours of marching. I sleep until 2pm. At 8pm back to work
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Usual noises in A gallery, knocking heard in D.R.
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Heavy enemy bombardment at 8.45 p.m. followed by a raid. Party one hundred strong are driven off by M.G. fire. Started bracing #Russian Saps T.123 and 127 to withstand any adjacent mine blow
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Ascension Day. Bad weather. The 1st #Belgian Artillery Group leaves the area after having been here for 2 years. It’s no loss for the morality of our area. Particularly the oldest soldiers are a disgrace: many a girl, even married women have been badly spoiled and also soldiers by bad women. The newspapers report bad news from #Russia, it’s a petty
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    16th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1020th day of war
    #France: #British hold on ‘Siegfried’ line NE of #Bullecourt extended
    Southern Front: #Italians take 4000 prisoners in #Carso, #Austrians 2000
    #French ss ‘Sontay’ torpedoed in the #Mediterranean, 45 lost
    #Russian coalition cabinet formed under #Kerenski
    PM Lloyd George propose Home Rule
    #German Chancellor indicates lines of peace with #Russia
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: My job now is to lead carts and kitchens. Buyens and I sleep in a separate part of the barracks. At 8pm we go working in the ‘Red Trench’
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Entrance to the A gallery crumped in due to a shell during the night. Footage of tunneling: #Brisbane 16’11’’; #Perth 58’6’’; #Newcastle 39’6’’; #Ipswich 38’6’’; #Moreland: 3 exits to surface
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 3.A.M. Enemy raiders attempt to enter our trenches at 28 I.24.d.87.50: they are driven off by L.G. fire. Lieuts. I.M. Marshall, Jno. Stevenson, and W.W. Ritchie, report for duty from England. 4 Officers and 150 O.R. 24th Division, attached Infantry, report for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The shaft-house at T.127. has been concreted, and it is now strong enough to be used as a signal station in case of an advance
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Calm night. Shrapnel above farm Gontier. I take the country road to #Westouter as it is much safer and visit the Priest from #Kemmel
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    15th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1019th day of war
    #France: General #Nivelle is dismissed and General #Pétain becomes CinC. #Pétain immediately takes to making a tour, to listen to the grievances of the simple soldier. Mutiny will reach its peak in July. 50 soldiers are executed on the basis of mutiny, of which the #Germans don’t hear anything anymore, because of a perfect system of sensorship of the #French press. Heavy fighting at #Bullecourt and #CheminDesDames
    Southern Front: #Italians advance near #Gorizia. #British, #French, #Serbs and #Greeks successful SW of #Krastali (#Balkans)
    #Adriatic: #Austrian-#Hungarian warships of Captain Miklos #Horthy (the later #Hungarian dictator) attack ships in front of #Albania. An #Austrian light cruiser sinks 14 #British drifters, but is hunted by the #Allies. HMS Dartmouth torpedoed, but not sunk.
    #USA: Destroyer flotilla arrives in #British waters
    #British transport ‘Cameronia torpedoed in the #Mediterranean: 140 men lost
    #Nederland: A #Dutch soldier on patrol at the border with #Belgium is shot dead: nothing is known about the perpetrator
    London, report: A enemy unit is thrown back S of Ypres. A #German plane is downed and one of our planes has gone missing
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: The King visits the #British lines in his uniform of the 5th Dragoon Guards. He visits the 4th, 5th and 3th Armies under command of resp. Gen Rawlinson, Gouch and Allenby, paying also visits to Gen Horne and Byng. He also visits the positions of the 1st #Canadian Army Corps at #Vimy Ridge
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Usual noise at A gallery
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The shafts at #Calgary Avenue and Benson's Cottage, Sheet 28, T.6.d.8.1. are lined part way with double steel casing, with cement filling, on account of the heavy inflow of water. Spiral staircases will be put in these shafts to make the deep dugouts accessible
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: On my way to Dikkebus, I am protected: a shell falls near ‘Kalsijde’ and going back another just where I had been standing on my way coming. 37 people at mass, when several shells fly over the farm and explode at #Ouderdom. I witness the heaviest shelling I have seen: 600 shells explode on and around farm Comyn, the barn start burning. 3 guns are destroyed, the Colonel and 4 men are killed and 6 are wounded. In the afternoon I go to ‘Scherpenberg’: on its flanc, behing the pub ‘De Zonne’ is a gigantic scale model of #Wijtschate. Everything exactly as it is observed by planes. Heaps of bricks showing ruins, others bombarded farms. Numerous trenches and communication trenches are made visible with lines of cement. Also rows of barbed wire, creeks, small and big roads. Sticks and branches form the woods. Also many signs with names of farms, trenches and woods. Mostly #British names, given by the British themselves. Those knowing the area, testify to the precise accuracy of the scale model. Seeing the scale model, one cannot but ascertain #Wijtschate has become a fortress that will be difficult to take. Officers and soldiers come here to study how to take the area. A path has been made around it, to make it possible to study everything. Civilians are forbidden to take the path, but everything I well visible also from the side. We learn that the village of #Dranouter and the town of #Mesen also have a scale model. Again many troops arrive in the area. At Lamerant and De Crock, 2 and 3 batteries have arrived. We hope that soon an offensive will be launched by the #British
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    14th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1018th day of war
    #France: #British advance N of #Gavrelle
    Southern Front: Strong #Italian attack N & S of #Goriza and in the sector of #Carno
    #British naval forces destroy #Zeppelin L.22 in the #NorthSea
    #Berlin, report: Army Group Prince Rupprecht (of #Bayern): Lively continuation of gunning between Ypres and #Armentières. Correction to the #British report about their attack on #Zeebrugge: it was no military success, not much damage was done and no #German planes were downed
    #Belgian report (#LeHavre): Very heavy shelling and raids with bombs and grenades in the area of #Diksmuide, #Steenstrate and ‘Het Sas’ (#Boezinge). A raid on a small outpost at ‘De Grote Wacht’ near #Stuivenkenskerke is easily repelled. Our planes raid the airstrip of #Handzame
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to #Calais and at 9.30pm to the #British frontline
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: At rest to #Ghyvelde. The commander tells me that I have been selected to go to #Gaillon. I prefer not to go as I would like to stay with my men and promise them to do everything possible, to be able to come back
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: Our observation balloon is downed by a #German ‘Taube’. The #German plane is probably hit in the carburetor. I see the balloon dropping down burning, while the crew makes a perfect laning with the parachutes
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Noises in A-gallery. Leads all right. Enemy artillery active on our forward posts
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 22 O.R. 23rd Division, attached infantry, report for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: An extensive deep dugout system at Hill 63. is progressing favourably. Corrugated iron lagging, and pit props being used
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 32 people in mass. Several shells at the ‘Hallebast’. More troops than usual. At #Ouderdom much ammunition for shelling. A #Belgian observation balloon is downed near #WestVleteren. I go to the #RodeBerg (#Loker) and can see the smoking chimneys in #Armentières
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    13th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1017th day of war
    #France: #French repulse heavy #German attack N of #Reims
    #Russia: Gen Kornilov and Guchkov Minister of Marine and War resign
    #Mesopotamia: #Russian detachments compelled to retire across #Diala towards #Kifri
    #Spanish ss ‘Carmen’ sunk in protected zonde by #German submarine
    #Canada: Marshal #Joffre reviews garrison troops at #Montreal: much enthusiasm
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Prince Karel leaves for #England
    Arthur Pasquier, #Elverdinge: Afternoon: our AA-guns fire fiercly at a #German plane, but as it approaches one of our observation balloons, the gun stops firing and the plane ignites a fire in the balloon, while the men jump with their parachutes
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy artillery active. Working noises in DA
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: This underground system IS completed. One O.R. wounded. 3.30 A.M. After a heavy bombardment, the enemy attemptS a raid, but IS beaten off. 4 Officers and 162 O.R. 19th Division, attached Infantry, return to their Units
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Pumper (Attd. Inf.) at T.121. shaft head wounded by enemy trench mortar
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Very dangerous: the #Germans send over a shell from time to time. Since 2 weeks it’s been hot weather. Incredible how everything has grown. Farmer Coene complains about the #British officer, not wanting to repay the damage done by his troops to his crop: ‘You should have sown in your land later in the year!’
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    12th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1016th day of war
    #France: #British storm most of #Bullecourt
    Southern Front: Artillery activity on Julian front. #Italians bomb #Prosecco, N of #Trieste
    Heavy naval bombardment of #Zeebrugge by the #Dover Division
    #USA: General #Pershing becomes commander of the #American Expeditionary Force, established to go fighting on the Western front. #Pershing expects the number of #American soldiers to have risen to 1 million by May 1918. If the war continues then #Pershing expects to gather 3 million soldiers. He wants to fight as 1 Army, without units being dispersed under #French and #British command
    #Italy: the 10th battle of the #Isonzo starts and lasts for 17 days, without much progress. Italy loses 160.000 men, #Austria-#Hungary 75.000
    #Vlissingen, #Nederland: 3-8am: attack on #Zeebrugge from the sea
    #London, report: Seaplanes and the fleet cooperating, successfully heavily bombard #Zeebrugge. 15 air battles took place, 9 enemy planes are downed, 2 of ours are missing, 1 has landed in #Nederland, the pilot being interned
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: awesome gunning heard. The whole day the windows are trembling, by the heavy explosions. The whole of the night drum-fire as nevery before coing from Ypres
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by General Tombeur (#Belgian forces in #Congo)
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Training: cooperation between Air Force and troops on the ground: impressive and giving confidence!
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Usual sounds in A left gallery. Leads all right
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Gas doors ARE completed in No.1 and 2 Brigade dugouts near La Hutte Chateau
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Gunning at the emplacements of guns at farm Goethals. Several soldiers are killed. Mrs Pé gets big flesh wounds on the arm, but not dangerous. She is sped to farm Ooghe, 80m away, and immediately after a shell hits her pub and is destroyed. In the house next to it already in the afternoon, eggs dishes are prepared for the soldiers. While harrowing, farmer Cafmeyer’s harrowfork is destroyed by a shell as he and his horse are unharmed
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    11th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1015th day of war
    #France: Various #German attacks repulsed by the #Allies
    Southern Front: #Serb raids on #Moglena hills N of #Pozar
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Training on the #IJzer in #Roesbrugge. We learn how to pass a footbridge over a river. It is very instructive and I hope to be able to put it into practice one day
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 13 Shaft again crumped by shell. Noises still at A gallery. Leads checked and found right
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: #Seaforth Farm drive stopped on account of not having sufficient time to complete it before commencement of operations
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Calm day, in the morning a #German plane drops 5 bombs on ‘De Werf’ in #Poperinge. I testify in a investigation about the fire at farm Lamerant. The facts are clear: no ammunition was allowed, no kerosene, both of which were abundantly present. The corn is still burning today. The second class of 18-year olds are now called up for duty
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    10th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1014th day of war
    #France: Small #British gains SW of #Lens
    Southern Front: #French and #Greeks take enemy position near the #Luyumnitsa. 2 attacks on #Krastali driven off by #British
    #British scouting force from #Harwich chases 11 #German destroyers into #Zeebrugge.
    #Venizelos discovered at #Saloniki
    Rodzianko, President of the #Duma affirms #Russian loyalty to the #Allies
    Secret Session of #HouseOfCommons on submarine warfare. Prime Minister Lloyd George forces the #British #Navy to introduce convoys to protect merchant ships against enemy subs. Recent U-boat attacks risk isolating #GreatBritain. From now on ships sail in big groups, protected by a few war vessels. The system brings immediate results: the #Germans lose more subs and the number of merchant ships being sunk is drastically reduced
    #IJmuiden, report: import of fish into #Belgium is again forbidden by the #German authorities, without any reason given
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: We are lodged in the house of mr and mrs Recour, very friendly people. The lady takes very well care of us and even repairs my clothes. She does many things for others. The hours spent with them are amongst the best memories I have in our difficult situation
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Heavy bombardment of our lines at 3-4am, considerably damaging our exits. The schock of a mine exploding on our left is felt, no damage to our system. Sounds of the enemy working heard in A and D galleries
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The dugout at Prowse Point. T.127. is being reinforced by covering with concrete bursters
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Several nice houses in Dikkebus have been severly damaged by shelling. Father Mac Havy of the 41st division wants to hold mass in one of the houses on the Square. But as only one soldier came he decides to do it somewhere else. He has only left the house for 10 minutes when a shell destroys it. The Mayor tells me he has prepared a piece of land to be sown in, but a few hour later there were 48 shell holes in it. The children of Vandepitte have now also fled their house, right they are! At 7.30 the Pastor of #Reningelst is holding mass as a #German plane is shot at. The head of a shell falls through the roof as he accompanies a lady to the alter, destroying the chair on which the lady was sitting
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    9th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1013th day of war
    #France: #German attack on #CheminDesDames fails. The Nivelle offensive comes to an end and is a big disaster for the #French. The #German positions cannot be broken and there are enormous losses: 187.000 #French and 163.000 #German losses. The moral of the #French soldiers is at an all-time low. Many units start mutinies
    600.000 #Serbian and #French soldiers invade #Macedonia. #British troops attack at the #Vardar river. The offensive will come to a stall putting into question the capabilities of the #French Commander-in-Chief Maurice Serrail
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Sounds of enemy facework and shaftwork are very plain. It is evident that the enemy is very close to A gallery. Shock felt as of a mine being blown up on our left. No damage done thanks to our system. The air I fair now. The leads are all right. Footage: #Brisbane: 112’5’’; Ipswich: 30’6’’; Australian dugouts: 49’9’’
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: This underground system is completed and turned over to the Infantry
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Electric lights installed at Shelter Tunnel, Hill 63. #Nieuwkerke party moved over to #Ploegsteert Wood. They will operate #Calgary Avenue and Benson's cottage from here
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Fierce gunning back and forth for 1,5 hour during the night: the #Germans have entered the #British trenches and capture some men. In the afternoon I go to the hospital of #Couthove to visit the wounded inhabitants of Dikkebus. Perdieu has died, Fournier is getting better and mrs Rubrecht suffer a lot. During the bombardment at Plankeel all the furniture is destroyed only the cross was not damaged. The #British offer money to buy the cross, but mrs doesn’t want to sell it for any price. There are still some #Canadian and #Australien engineers in the area
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    8th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1012th day of war
    #France: #Germans recapture #Fresnoy
    Southern Front: British capture #Bulgar position SW of Lake #Doiran. #Serbs seize useful positions in #Moglenitsa Valley
    #Liberia breaks off relations with #Germany
    #London, report: An enemy patrol made an incursion in our positions near Ypres. Some of our men are missing. Fierce air battles, 6 #German planes downed and 5 others put out of action. We miss 5 planes
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Training all day
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noises heard at A gallery. Pumping noises heard at B gallery
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 3rd #Australian Division have placed maps at principal corners in the trenches. These give the location of our mine shafts, and are very dangerous in case of a raid
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 3 times all #British guns in the area fire at the same time for half an hour at the #German positions. The #Germans retaliate and send many shells to #Ouderdom: on the pasture of Beernaert 6 men and 11 horses are killed. The 3 soldiers and and Padre Coveliers are buried in #Poperinge
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    7th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1011th day of war
    #France: #British position between #Bullecourt and #Quéant improved by #Australians
    Daylight airplane raid NE of #London, 1 killed, 1 wounded
    Southern Front: #Bulgar counter-attack repulsed by #Greeks
    #German Chancellor uses Social Democrats to influence #Soviet delegates towards #German peace terms
    Captain Arlber Ball, a #British place ace with 40 victories on his name is shot down and dies
    #British ships bombard #Zeebrugge, the main basis for #German destroyers and U-boats. The attack causes few damage, but others follow
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Prince Leopold leaves for England. Visit by 4 members of the Commission for Relief for #Belgium
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: http://users.telenet.be/frontsoldaat/pagina29.html
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noises heard at A gallery
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Heavy enemy T.M. Bombardment of T122 and 123 at 5.10 p.m. No damage done to saps
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again severe shelling towards several farms. 1 drops at the door of Verkest, where a baby was just born. It’s a miracle no one gets hurt. No less than 400 shells would have dropped on #DeKlijte. The HQ flees to the #Scherpenberg. Again many shells at ‘De Werf’ in #Poperinge. Many shells on #Vlamertinge, West-#Nieuwkerke and #Kemmel of which many incendiary shells. What dos this huge shelling mean? Are the #Germans expecting a #British assault? Nobody knows, but it looks like the #British have abandoned their upcoming offensive
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    6th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1010th day of war
    #France: #French resist all #German counter attacks at the #Aisne
    Southern Front: Violent artillery action on #Trentino and #Julian front
    Mass meeting at #Saloniki demanding deposition of King Constantine
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: Yesterday evening and this morning planes drop bombs on #Zeebrugge. The planes are fiercly shot at
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noises heard at A-gallery, all quiet everywhere else. Leads tested and found all right
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At 9.30 a.m. enemy bombards Billets at Nieuwkerke and roads near the town. One of our officers, Lieut. Webster and one O.R. wounded. 5th #Bavarian R.I.R., 4th Bavarian Division opposite us as shown by prisoner taken at Sheet 28, U156
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: A shell explodes in the attick, where Padre Coveliers and other soldiers are sleeping. 2 dead and 3 wounded. #Poperinge bombarded in the area of ‘De Werf’. The stable of Dambre in #Kemmel is shelled and catches fire. One of the worst nights of the war. After mass I baptise Cyriel Gonthier, a baby born in the midst of the daily shelling, on a farm standing between the guns half way between #Dikkebus and #Vlamertinge. Everything went well, but it is dangerous for a mother to live in these circumstances in such a dangerous place. No way to move her from her farm
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    5th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1009th day of war
    #France: #French cooperating with #British take #CheminDesDames, 6000 prisoners
    #Southern Front: #French and #Greek troops take #Bulgar trenches near #Gevgeli. #Gorizia (#Italy) bombed. #Italians repulse the enemy on the #Carso
    The vast unwieldy #French tank Saint-Chammond makes it’s entry into the war. It is manned by 9 men, serving 9 MG’s and at 75mm gun
    Occupied #Belgium:
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Sir Brand Whitlock, of the #American Embassy on visit. He helped considerably in the relief work for #Belgium
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: I like this village. Coming back from the trenches full of mud, I notice an impeccably dressed soldier busy fencing. I ask him if he wants to measure himself with me. With an air of superiority he judges my fencing skills with my dirty clothing. But 3 times I manage to twist his rapier from his hands. I leave him standing flabbergasted
    Jacobus Winters, #Roesbrugge: In the afternoon we arrive in Roesbrugge. We are staying in #Haringe. Very pleasant people. We will occupy the sector ‘Het Sas’-#Steenstrate’. Roesbrugge looks a bit like #Bree
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Some noises heard at A-gallery. 10LP: working noises heard. 1 man wounded, 1 man killed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Following a heavy bombardment, the enemy raids at 3.20 a.m. at 28.U.1.6. He did not succeed in entering our trenches. We take one prisoner from 6th Company 181 Inf. R.(Saxon)
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Calm in the morning. Heavy shelling from 4pm until 4am, become heavier all the time. Many shells falling very fast on and around #DeKlijte. Mrs Rubrecht and her 4 year are wounded: her right hand is torn off and her foot is hurt. The poor mother of 7 is suffering greatly, her foot has to be amputated
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    4th of May
    Today 1917
    The 1008th day of war
    #France: 1French take #Craonne and trenches NW of #Reims. Factories near #Metz bombed
    #British transports ‘Arcadian’ and ‘Transulvania’ torpedoed in the #Mediterranean: 50 officers and 600 men lost
    The #Belgian government in #LeHavre decides to use the non-used ground of the soldiers behind the frontline
    KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by the #French General Bourgeois.
    Jacobus Winters, #Bray-Dunes: Visit to father Krijnen from #Bree
    Arthur Pasquier, #Elverdinge: The offensive is cancelled. We relieve the 6LA in Elverdinge. This sector is much more interesting than the one of #Ramskapelle, next to the #British. It’s interesting to se how the #British are doing things. For the smallest reason their artillery opens rapid fire. They are not concerned about precisely hitting their objectives. They keep to the theory of overwhelming numbers. Our positions are well-hidden in a small partially destroyed farm. De farm has been repaired inside, so that everyone has a little room
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noises still heard at A-gallery. #Anzac shaft opened up and air is improving
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: One officer and one hundred O.R. #NewZealand Infantry attached to us for duty on #NewZealand front. On account of running ground we lost one face in our deep dug-out system at #Calgary Avenue Trench. Two officers and one hundred and six O.R. #NewZealand Infantry reported for duty on work on the #NewZealand front. One hundred and forty-two O.R. 33rd #Australian Imperial Forces reported for duty to be used on the 3rd #Australian Divisional front
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells in the evening on the farms of Derycke and Verhaege. Paul Fournier is at one of the farms. The #British are shooting at a German planes and one of the shells misses and explodes besides Fournier in a tree. His arm is almost torn off and he is taken to hospital, where his arm is amputated. He does not suffer any pain
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    3rd of May
    Today 1917
    The 1007th day of war
    #France: #British rraxk E of #Arras, break through the #Hindenburg Switch at #Chérisy
    Occupied #Belgium, #HoekVanHolland, #Nederland: 6600 Calves slaughtered to support the hungry in #Belgium
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noises heard at A-gallery and boring and working sounds heard at DR. Air still very bad. #Anzac gallery again been crumped by enemy shell, which affects all of mining system
    KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to Baron de #Broqueville in #Steenbourg (#France)
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Timber sets at Seaforth Farm are proving satisfactory.
    Work at Shelter Tunnel, Hill 63. is being done in conjunction
    with a company of Maori Pioneers. 35th Australian Imp. forces
    holding the line from T.90 to T.100
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells on the Square, 2 soldiers get wounded. Shells also near farms Forceville, Wede and the Mayor, near the 2nd #Belgian battery, wounding again several soldiers. The women at the laundry now have to wash the linen with pure creoline, because of the little vermin, the #British call ‘Itchekos’. At the #Belgian frontline there is almost no trouble with lice. At farm D’hellens, (probably) #Belgian put up a sign ‘Itchekos’ to keep the #British out
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    2nd of May
    Today 1917
    The 1006th day of war
    #France: In #Champagne and #Moronvillers region #German raids beaten back
    #British destroyer sunk by mine in #Channel: 1 officer and 261 men lost
    General Tombeur arrives in #LeHavre with a unit of Colonial #Belgian-#Congolese troops. These men had distinguished themselves in the #African campaign. 10% of their number had died
    Occupied #Belgium: Sincem a few days important quantities sometimes up to 15 wagons, of fish are being shipped from #IJmuiden (#Nederland) per train from #Holland to Belgium and N #France. The Dutch Railroads do this without charge
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy walking, face and shaft working heard plainly in A-gallery. Air still bad. Leads all fixed up. Footage for the week: #Melbourne: nil; Brisbane 111’; #Adelaide: nil; Perth: 30’; #Ipswich: 17’; #Berlin: 35’
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. killed by sniper, & one O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Two of our men wounded by enemy shrapnel at T.127. Russian Saps at T.123 and 127 are being pumped out.
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Every day Dikkebus is being heavily shelled. While working in the barn Jules Perdieu is hit by a piece of shrapnel in the spine. He is immediately lamed and taken to the hospital at Couthove. He suffers tremendously and dies. Shells dropping at the dairy factory in #Poperinge
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    1st of May
    Today 1917
    The 1005th day of war
    #France: Successful air raid S of #Moronvillers
    #Mush (Lake #Van) occupied by the #Turks. NW #India: Mashud tribesmen attack #British convoy
    #British ss ‘Gena’ sunk off #Suffolk by #German seaplane
    #Polish Council of State presents demands to Central Powers
    #Berlin, report, Army Group Prince Rupprecht von #Bayern: Firing activity S of Ypres increasing
    #Nederland, #Ameland: Until 11pm heavy gun thundering from the #NorthSea
    #London, report: Both sides of artillery activity around Ypres
    #Nederland, #Oostburg: In the night of Tuesday on Wednesday, several air planes drop bombs between #Brugge and #Zeebrugge. It takes about 1 hour and then silence sets in again. The attackers are fiercly shot at
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The Queen receives lesson in #Dutch every day from 11am-12. From #Easter on also Prince Leopold has to take #Dutch lessons. Although King Albert is always very busy, he still finds the time to be present and check the progress of the Prince. He often asks if the Prince well paid attention
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to the 4LA (#Boezinge and #Lizerne)
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Noises heard in A-gallery. All leads all right except A1 & A3, giving a deflection: origin south for. Air getting very bad in mining system
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Strength of Company, 33 Officers and 924 O.R. One O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At Seaforth Farm. T.131. The total length of gallery is 604 ft. We are experimenting with a new heavy timber set to replace steel I beam sets
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Gunning all day. 2 planes shot down and put on top of a car drive by: 1 #German and 1 #British. Padre Dumon gives the last ointment to the #German pilot. The #British pilot is not wounded. Farmer Laroye at last leaves his farm at the other side of the lake. It’s incredible how some risked to stay so close to the frontline. They must have earned a lot of money. Their place was a bit sheltered by the woods. 30 families of #Kemmel and 4 from Dikkebus are being evacuated. It becomes apparent that the offensive on the #WesternFront has failed. Especially the #French offensive in #Champagne. Because of the situation in the #Russia, quite a few unit are moved from the East to the #WesternFront. In #Boezinge, the Carabiniers and the Grenadiers are being relieved by the 4th Division
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    30th of April
    Today 1917
    The 1004th day of war
    #Nederland, #Zierikzee: Damage by unknown plane
    #Gen Maude defeats 13th #Turkish Corps at #Kifri
    #Polish scheme for #Galicia published
    #London, report: A successful raid executed N of Ypres. Some prisoners are taken
    KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by Admiral Lacaze, minister of the #French #Navy. Lacaze plays an important role in fighting the U-boats as the offensive is still in full swing. The King writes: how stupid this war of attrition, exhausting both sides
    Arthur Pasquier, #Boezinge: The rest period of the 4LA is almost over. In many confidential notes there is talk about an offensive. The 4LA will defend a sector far S of Boezinge together with the #British. My chances of promotion to 2ndLt are good. 14/20 points by the battery and group commanders and 24/25 by the artillery divisional commander, with the mention ‘Very positive, excellent candidate. I will soon be officer. But even in the current situation, I find military life much more interesting than before
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: A receive a letter from #Nederland in which I am asked if my leg was amputated. I have no idea who could have spread that news. I am in perfect health, 24 years and in possession of all my teath, complete with arms and legs, I could not wish anything better! I can imagine how worried my parents must be. We are experiencing the last of winter, spring is awakening. We all hope to go home soon. At the frontline the Huns are being bombarded continuously, it’s raining shrapnel and fire. We are eager to return to our homes. I am so eager to see my family back, I think of them every day, and the only memory I have from them is a simple picture. In my heart I carry the live picture. In my fantasy I discern my father, lively on guard with a youthful appearance en a live investigative look. I see my mother, elegant, simple and always so good! My brother must have grown up! An my lovely sister! Alas, why do have to be separated from them? To fulfil this awful task of killing as many people as possible to deliver my country and my family. Come one let’s go, the Huns would better have stayed home
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Some noises at A-gallery. Surface: normal
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 4 Officers & 128 O.R. 23rd Div. attached Infantry, (Duke of #Wellington's Reg.& D.L.I.) return to their Units. 4 Officers & 160 O.R. 19th Div. attached Infantry, report for duty. Strength of Company 928 all ranks
    #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Total length of drive at Seaforth Farm - T131, 594 ft. Enemy heavy bombardment T121 and T123 followed by an enemy raid at 4. a.m. They leave some dead in our trenches but fail to reach our Shaft heads. Portable charges are picked up next morning in the trenches. One #Australian attached Infantry killed and one Sapper wounded. Enclosed are maps showing most of the recent work done and also map showing our mining operations at #Hill60. In the latter all our efforts are confined to mining both offensive and defensive but at present we are doing a lot of dugout work as well as mining
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The fear amongt the inhabitants of #Reningelst because of the shelling yesterday is great. Out of fear, the Pastor of #Reningelst has gone to spend the night 12 minutes away at farm Mayaert. Some inhabitants of #Ouderdom also go sleeping somewhere else, 2 or 3 houses flee. At 10am a plane is shot at and the hood of the shell drops through the roof into the bed of master De Canter. 7pm a big shell drops on the gravel road to #Ouderdom

    29th of April
    Today 1917
    The 1003rd day of war
    #British capture #German trenches E of #Vimy. Gen #Pétain appointed Chief of Staff of #Grench General Staff
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: Yesterday all day heavy gunning heard from the direction of Ypres. Lively airplane activity at the #Belgian Coast and #Zeebrugge. Continuous shooting into the air heard. A squadron of airplanes visits #Zeebrugge tonight. Heavy explosions and fierce anti-aircraft gunning
    #Vlissingen, #Nederland: Between 11.30pm-0.30am a series of air raids on #Zeebrugge. The thundering was tremendous and the fire rays were clearly visible
    #Belgium, #Refugees, #Ede, Nederland: Belgian children saying goodbye, honor Mrs Förster. She is presented a silver-card cup under great shouts of joy for her work with the refugees. Mrs. Förster helped numerous #Belgian exiles, the ceremony is accompanied by the music band of the refugee camp
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: The finals of the Cup of the King is won by the 15th Linie and is attended by the King and Prince Leopold
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: I get new from home. The postman calls out the names of those receiving letters: the answer is ‘present’, sometimes ‘dead’, ‘wounded’ or ‘missing’. Those that do receive letters sometimes cry, others run to a small corner with the precious envelope and trembling hands. In my company it has become exceptional to receive a letter from home. Some never get news. Some soldier never left the frontline, because of lack of money or acquintances. Those poor devils do not know where to go. In #France places have been established to accommodate soldiers from the frontline, but they look like barracks filled with strange people. They prefer staying with those they know at the frontline. Gentle and courageous women do their best to give the young hearts, where possible, some affection and tenderness we need so much
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Heavy shelling. 600lbs of ammonal + 50lbs GC placed in DL. Usual sounds
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The enemy seems to expect an attack after our discharge of the last night and consequently T121 to T123 are swept with intermittent machine gun fire, and occasional Trench Mortar fire all evening and through the night
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: First war day of the year. Heavy shelling from #Wijtschate. At 5.30pm 150 impacts of shells that fly very fast, not making much noise but creating huge craters. Several houses are hit. One dropped very close to the church of #Reningelst. 15 huge shells come down from the direction of #Boezinge. Around 30 shells in a few minutes during the night destroying the façade of the house of Delporte: the inhabitants escape without a scratch. During these bombardments no casualties are made. A #British raid S of Ypres takes 18 prisoners. We learn that the 2nd #Belgian battery having been here for 2 years has now been moved to #Woesten, the 1st battery staying

    28th of April
    Today 1917
    Occupied #Belgium: B
    The 1002nd day of war
    #France: #British thrust E of #Vimy. French advance in #Champagne
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Noises in A and B galleries. Nocks also heard in DL. Surface: fairly quiet
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: A Court of Enquiry IS held into the causes of the fire of 15-4-17. Sixteen Machine Gunners of the Durham L.I. (attached Infantry), return to their Unit
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T.131, the 39th Batt. #Australian I.F., 10th Brigade relieve the 43rd Battalion, 11th Brigade, #Australian I.F., and at T123, The 3rd #Australian Division discharges gas along the whole Divisional front
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Together with the Chaplain I go to #Loker to the burial of Mr. Cuvelier. There are many people at the burial. Calm day

    27th of April
    Today 1917
    The 1001st day of war
    #France: #French offensive in #Aisne checked
    #Australian transport ‘Ballarat’ torpedoed and sunk, no casualties
    #Spanish Note to #Germany ‘San Fulgencio’ published (Fulgencio is a Spanish ship sunk by a uboat
    #Guatemala breaks diplomatic relations with #Germany
    #Rotterdamse Courant, #Nederland, rumor: 500-600 #German marines and stormtroops try to desert near #Cadzand (near #Knokke). 200 #Uhlans with MG’s are sent in pursuit. The rumor is false, no desertion and no troops alarmed
    #Berlin, report: #British fighter planes attack #German destroyers and the port of #Zeebrugge in vain. A #French seaplane joining them is put out of action by our coastal batteries: 3 occupants and the seaplane are salvaged
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Below normal; Above heavy shelling
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The 40th Battalion #Australian I.F. relieved the 43rd Battalion #Australian I.F. The 10th Brigade relieved the 11th Brigade, T121. Gas discharged at T.123. Three Officers and 151 O.R's attached to us for work on the #Australian front, relieving the men from the 42nd and 44th Battalions #Australian I.F.
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Calm day. On the other side of farm Cambron there are 4 railways towards #Westouter

    26th of April
    Today 1917
    The 1000th day of war
    #France: #German attacks near #Arras, #CheminDesDames
    #Southern Front: #Russians repulse #Bulgar night attac on Hill 380 (#Doiran-#Vardar)
    #German naval raid on #Ramsgate: 2 killed 2 wounded
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 1 man wounded. Trench HQ crumped in. All normal: both surface and below
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We are having a lot of trouble with our Artillery as they persist in placing Trench Mortars near our shaft head at T.117
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Visiting 6 elderly, bringing them the #Easter communion. Severe shelling near ‘Hemelrijk’. The Commander of the 2nd battery of the #Belgians has moved with his officers to the house of Camiel Ollevier near the farm of Jules Verschelde

    25th of April
    Today 1917
    The 998th day of war
    #France: #German attack on #Hurtebise Farm (#CheminDesDames) repulsed
    #Southern Front: #British success at Lake #Doiran (#Saloniki)
    #German destroyer flotilla bombards #Dunkerque and is repulsed by #French and #British patrols
    #Belgian Government, #LeHavre: Belgian heads of families between 35-40 will soon be called up. Farmers will be exempt
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60:
    #London, report: A enemy unit SE of Ypres is repulsed with losses, trying to subdue a #British post in a mine crater. Lively gunning around Ypres
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: In the left of Ploegsteert Wood, we complete a system of double Brigade Headquarters, which we turn over to the 3rd #Australian Division, with also a system of machine gun dugouts at La Hutte Chateau. These are to be used in case of an attack and the work is rushed so as to be ready on plenty of time
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Artillery assault at #StElooi. 35 people present at mass. More and more a #British offensive is soon expected in Ypres. Van Steelandt, a young man escaped from #German prisonship, through many dangers. 9.30pm the barns of Lamerant burn down, no doubt because of uncareful soldiers. 2 anti-aircraft guns at the farm had their munition in the barns. Twice Lamerant had complained about uncarefullness and twice he had extinguished fires. One shell after the other in the fire explodes and soldiers and civilians have to flee. Only the great cart with some chests on it can be saved by some civilians greatly risking their lives. The damage is considerable: 4000 unthreshed sheaves of corn and rye, a car, our baptismal font and the possessions 5 refugees go up in flames

    24th of April
    Today 1917
    The 997th day of war
    #France: Severe fighting near #Arras, #Bapaume and #StQuentin
    #Southern Front: #British night attack on W side of Lake #Doiran (NW of #Saloniki)
    #Retreat of #Turks up #ShattElAdhaim towards #JebelHamrin
    #USA: #French Mission with Marshal #Joffre and #Viviani arrives in #NewYork
    #Ukraine demands autonomy
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: One could swear winter is not going to go away. #Easter with snow, wind and hail. We get used to it
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Same noises in A-gallery. All normal. 1 man wounded
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Two O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: From 6.00 to 6.45 p.m. heavy enemy bombardment of T102 - T110., but very little damage done to our lines
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: #Loker: The #British shoot a plane, but one shell does not explode. It falls on the farm of Cuvelier, blows away Cuveliers legs and injures his daughter. Cuvelier continued to live for a few hours, but died in the hospital in #Bailleul. At 8am I bury Town Council Doom. Daughter and grand-daughter come in their common clothes as their Sunday clothes were destroyed in the shelling. In #Reningelst a boy fiddling with a little tube loses 4 of his fingers when it explodes. All the boys at the school storm out of the school crying. The pubs are making so much money with beer, that some of their children are now sent to college

    23rd of April
    Today 1917
    The 996th day of war
    #France: 2nd Battle of #Arras: 2 villages captures by #British N & S of #Scarpe
    #British occupy #Samarra, 60m N of #Baghdad: 937 prisoners
    3 #British Handley Page 0/100 long distance bomber attack 5 destroyers and sink 1 between #Blankenberge and #Zeebrugge and in front of #Oostende. Several planes are damaged, so they will have to concentrate on night raids on #German targets. One of their first tasks is bombarding the airfields where the #German #Gotha bombers are stationed
    Diplomatic relations between #USA and #Turkey broken (no state of war followed)
    René Deckers, #Boezinge: As ‘Guards Commander’ I function as an officer, ordering and replacing the Lt. In #Zuidschote a new observation post has to be erected. It’s a fake, tree, so well copied in steel, you only notice the difference from near. It has branches shot of by MG-fire and twigs at the top. It’s about 1m in diameter, hollow and inside it’s a big cylinder with a ladder. At the top the observation post it’s armored with a steel cylinder and a seat. There are slits carefully hidden by twigs. A measuring instrument is calibrated on 0 to the North and on 551/1000 on Chateau #Britannia. The tree stand 300m N of #Zuidschote and 500m E of #Lizerne. Looking through the slits I can see Boezinge and beyond the #British sector. In front of me is #Bikschote, where the #Germans take their rest. The whole area is one big disaster. This corner has been hell in #Flanders the whole of the war. Nothing exists anymore. As if picturesque nature has been swallowed-up the earth. Roads are unrecognizable, cut through by the trenches, used for defense and turn upside-down by the shelling. It’s utter desolation. The village of #Steenstrate 1000m away has disappeared. The walls left at #Lizerne are max 50cm high, at #Zuidschote a little higher. Below is a colourless lump, where a mill used to be: only the millstone peeps out from the rubble. In this little corner the Battle of #Lizerne was fought. A team of Engineers discovered an #Algerian soldier in kneeling position buried in the parapet. There are bodies here from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Linie, Karabiniers, Grenadiers and #French from the 418th, #Zouaves and others. Some of them rotting in the #Ieperlee canal together with #German bodies. A shell exploding, throws the decomposing bodies of 2 Karabiniers into our trench, burying a soldier. De man is driving mad, while being helped by rubbing him in with lime to get rid of the stench. My battery is at the farm of millstone on the other side of the #Kemmel-beek. There is talk of an offensive near #Steenstrate
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Shallows entered by protomen (men with respirators): air is good: crumped from #Anzac (gallery) to the right
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: About mid-night, heavy enemy bombardment on Le Touquet sector
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Having just gone passed the land of Lamerant, 2 shrapnel and a shell explode on the land. At the lake house the #Germans are performing a shell barrage on a #British battery. About 500 shells are dropping on an area about an acre in size. For those in it is like hell: impossible not to hit a gun and wound men. At the beginning of the war such fierce gunning was unthinkable. Barrages like those are now not unusual and happen on a daily basis. The cemetery has now expanded towards #Kemmel. At the farm of De Roose 5 guns have been pounding for days, to the dissatisfaction of the lady. Extra guns have now been places at the farms Charles, Braems, Adriaen and at the Hallebast. In #Poperinge I learn that gas was smelled in Poperinge, #Watou and #Proven from a #French gas attack near #Nieuwpoort. Town Council Doom dies on his death bed, but immediately after a shell barrage hits his farm and his body is thrown from the bed lies under the rubble. So the war finally did not kill him

    22nd of April
    Today 1917
    The 995th day of war
    #France: #British capture S part of #Trescault (below road #Bapaume-#Cambrai). #Germans bombard #Reims. #French repulse #German attack on #Moronvillers massif
    #British attack #Turks in retreat from #Istabulat W of #Tigris and W bank of #ShattElAdhaim
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by #French General Bernard. Trip to #BoulogneSurMer and #StOmer
    Willy Britz: Today I get wounded. The war is over for me
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Boring heard in DC. Shaft work in A
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Commence pumping the #Russian Saps T123 and T127. Several of our Shallow Saps at T121, blown in by enemy Trench Mortars
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 5 minutes before 1st mass a shell flies over the church and falls between the farms of Onraet and Cannaert. There are many new gun positions everywhere, often hidden behind hedges. A whole row of houses has been destroyed in de Kerkstraat. The vicary has been blown up by the Engineers and the rubble is now removed. The church has been hit by several shells. Sadly the bells cannot be removed. Impossible at night and too dangerous during the day. There are no houses left with at least some shells having exploded nearby. I visit Town Councilor Doom who still lives there and lies on his death bed. He still recognizes me. Our village has tremendously changed (the last few weeks). There are new guns and railways everywhere. After High Mass I baptize the child of Deraedt, it’s his 3rd child during the war. Going outside I see a #German plane going strait for the observation balloon at #Ouderdom. He flies at an altitude of 100m all guns blazing and being shot at by many guns. I expect the balloon or the plane to be hit any moment, but nothing happens. Soon the parachutes of the balloon men come down and the plane disappears at low altitude. The men land near the creed at #Ouderdom, but get entangled in the barbed wire. 2 #Belgian soldiers help them and are rewarded 5 Francs

    21st of April
    Today 1917
    The 994th day of war
    #France: #British gain ground E of #Arras
    #British capture #Turkish frontline at #Istabulat
    #Cossacks repulse #Kurds on #Diala (NW of #KashrIShirin)
    Occupied #Belgium: Dr Perre: Alcohol is a bigger plague than the war, all western states suffer from it: in 1913 it is estimated that the #Belgian population spent 800million Francs on alcohol. Only the State makes gains with alcohol.
    Willy Britz: In a quiet position (not completely true: there are important assaults happening). We are giving ‘assault’ rations. We are having important losses due to artillery. I lead the forward commando into battle
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: enemy blows mine at 8.23pm. 5 men caught prisoner, 1 killed, 4 rescued and ok
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We are using concrete and cement bursters at #Seaforth Farm Shaft house, T.131, So that it may be used as a signal station in case of an advance
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Heaviest shelling around the lake

    20th of April
    Today 1917
    The 993rd day of war
    #France: #French occupy #Sancy (S of #Soissons). #British capture #Gonnelieu (SW of #Cambrai)
    #Germans shell #Calais and #Dover, no casualties. #British destroyers ‘Swift’ and ‘Broke’ successfully engage 6 #German destroyers of which 2 are sunk. #German naval attacks in the #Channel postponed until 1918
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Mansfield on visit to talk about the school results of Prince Karel. Major Ch. Gorden on visit
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy blows mine in his own line at cutting: apparently to make a MG position. 1 man wounded
    “ #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: At T121 - 123 - 131 the 43rd Battalion #Australian I.F. relieves the 41st Battalion #Australian I.F., both 11th Brigade, 3rd #Australian Division. Disinfected all the blankets of the Company with a steam Disinfector. One Officer and 50 OR's of the 42nd Battalion #Australian I.F. attached to us for duty; relieving the 43rd Battalion #Australian I.F
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Burial of Wwe Saelen. Heavy #German assault from #Wijtschate. They infiltrate the #British trenches and probably take some prisoners

    19th of April
    Today 1917
    The 992nd day of war
    #France: #French capture Fort Condé
    Heavy fighting continued during the 2nd Battle of #Gaza. #British capture much ground on #Turks, but due to the heavy losses not pushed through
    #USA: provision of food for #Allies before Neutrals. Seizure of #German liner docks in #NewYork
    Pastry restrictions in #France.
    Controversy over #Germany’s use of the ‘Körper Verwertungs Anstalt’ (Corpse Unitization Establishments), where human bodies are processed to extract lubrication, fat and pig’s food
    Occupied #Belgium: There is an almost complete lack of peas, beans, rice and other products containing starch. Bread rations are diminished and by far not sufficient. There are no potatoes. There is enough meat but the prices are so high that most people cannot afford it. Swede turnip, cut in thick slices with sirop have replaced bread. The ‘Daily Soup’ distribution, which is still quite good is eagerly taken by everybody
    #Belgium, #Nederland, #Refugees: 554 #Belgian refugee children arrive in #Roosendaal. The train enters the station at 12.45pm with waiving and singing children. The little ones look very tired and hungry. Most of them are on the road since 4am. They are separated according to destination. The children leave: 40 to #Leiden, 30 to #DeHaag, 11 to #Zevenbergen, 24 to #Oudenbosch, 50 to #BergenOpZoom, 95 to #Wouw, 26 to #Goes, 46 to #Middelburg, 106 to #Vlissingen, 51 to #Breda, 36 to #Eindhoven, 28 to #Arnhem, 11 to #Gouda. 27 young men succeed in escaping to unoccupied #Belgium in #Schore. Hungry and numb by the cold they arrive at a good adres, a bakery. After being fed they spend the night in a barn and the next day they leave by train to become soldiers. Horrible stories about occupied Belgium. Amongst them 2 Mayors, a Notary and a lawyer
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 3.23am: Enemy blows mine beyond 3LP, #Anzac gallery. Shaft work still heard at A gallery
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We are reinforcing Shaft head at T127 with concrete. This may be required for a dugout during an advance to be used as a signal H.Q
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The following division are in the area: 41, 47, 23, 39 and 19

    18th of April
    Today 1917
    The 991st day of war
    #France: #French advances E and NE of #Soissons. #British advance S of #Cambrai
    #British defeat #Turks on the right bank of the #Tigris and take 1200 prisoners
    #USA: War Bill (‘Old Glory’), loan of £1.400.000.000 passes the #Senate
    #British Food Order restricting pastry and cake making
    Death of General von Bissing, Gov.-General of #Belgium
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 2.30am: Enemy blows up (mine), no damage. 3.53pm: we blow up (mine), DRI and 3, no retaliation
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 1 O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T121, sentries fired on our working parties by mistake at 9.20 p.m
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Inhabitants of Kemmel and farmers of Dikkebus are warned that they will have to leave their houses. The #British again accuse #Belgians of spying. A judge accuses the father of Cafmeyer of being a spy, but the man died 25 years ago. The judge then accuses his mother of being a spy, but she also died 8 years ago. The biggest assets we discover with the #British is their stubborn patience it is admirable. The #British have a good discipline, that endures although the war has been going on for so long. The #British officers have authority over their soldiers, without being exceedingly too strict. You never hear the #British soldier complaining about his superiors. It’s a petty it is not the same in the #Belgian Army

    17th of April
    Today 1917
    The 990th day of war
    #France: #German attacks N of #Reims repulsed. Battle of #Moronvillers (E of #Reims) begins. #French capture heights of massif and 3500 prisoners
    #British second advance against #Turks in #Gaza begins. The frontal attack on well-dug-in #Turkish troops fails and results in many losses: 6500, 3 times as many as the #Turks. Prime Minister #LloydGeorge, having personnaly supported the assault, is furious
    #British hospital ships ‘Donegal’ and ‘Lanfranc’ torpedoed in #Channel
    #USA: measures taken by #Senate to suppress export of foodstuffs to #Germany
    Sixth #German war loan closed: £656.100.000
    #France: 1 day after the beginning of the #Nivelle offensive, resulting in many casualties and few gains, troops from the 108th #French Regiment, revolt and leave their trenches in sight of the enemy. Mutiny quickly spreads to the 68 of the 112 #French divisions. Officers report 250 cases of troops refusing to obey orders. About 35.000 soldiers are involved in the mutiny. Many of them are ready to defend their positions, but they refuse to attack the enemy
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Exercises in launching rifle grenades on the beach. Well performed: both the precision and the exact exploding
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Charged DR, 400 and 200lbs of ammonal
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Two O.R. wounded. Brewster, M.C. O.C. of Company, promoted Acting Major
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We are reinforcing T121 shaft house with steel I beams and concrete
    #KingAlbert comes to watch the football championships and awards the ‘Cup of the King’: 22Linie won from the 1stKarapates (Carabiniers) with 4-0
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: A #British offensive is to be expected. A general is now lodged in the vicory. Arthur Cafmeyer is arrested as spy by a young #British officer for giving signals to the #Germans. The only thing he did was making a path around his land where soldiers previously had previously trampled it. He is under arrest for 3 days, but finally released. This has happened so often. A farmer of #Reningelst was also arrested and released. He had just brought manure onto his land. Another farmer of #Westouter is also arrested as he started ploughing, the furrows supposed to be signals. The Priest of #Reningelst is arrested because he wears a cassock. He is released but told to dress like all other people as it is very careless to wear a cassock

    16th of April
    Today 1917
    The 989th day of war
    #France: Second Battle of the #Aisne between #Soissons and #Reims, first #German positions taken
    #British advance towards #Istabulat (SE of #Samara, #Iraq)
    #Berlin & #Leipzig: Strike due to defective food distribution
    #British food orders regarding wheat, barley and oats
    #Belgium, #Refugees, #TheTimes: Add inviting people to spend for #Belgian children. Spend for the ‘Working Men’s #Belgian Fund’ to help the ‘Santé de l’Enfance #Belge at #DenHaag. The Fund helps #Belgian children to stay a few weeks in #Nederland and after being well-fed to return to Belgium
    #Nederland: #Belgian children having stayed for 6 weeks in #Middelburg and #Vlissingen return to #Belgium. 300 #Belgian children having come from #Amsterdam-#DenHaag, arrive at the station #Delft-se poort. They leave at 11.30am with a special train through #Roosendaal for #Belgium
    Jacobus Winters: Training in handgrenade throwing in the dunes of #BrayDunes. The explosion is terrifying and the soldiers are interested in the exercise
    Willy Britz, #Gent: Very busy excercising. New recruits have been added to the company. Tomorrow it will be 8 days, since I was with my family in #Brühl
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Some noises, also indistincltly in C. 1 man wounded
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 20 O.R. reinforcements for Company from C.E.T.D. Crowborough, reported for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At Benson's Cottage, in front of #Messines, we start a deep dugout system with accommodation for a double Brigade and Battalion Headquarters. On account of running ground three steel tubbing shafts have to be put down and drives to connect up are being driven from the bottom of these. Dugouts are to be made of these drives
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells dropping onto the farm of the Mayor in the morning and afterwards on Square and the dairy factory. On drops on the house of the local police guard, besides the town house, killing the soldier on guard at the corner

    15th of April
    Today 1917
    The 988th day of war
    #France: #British repulse #German attack on #Bapaume-#Cambrai road. #Billeret (NW of #StQuentin) captured by #British
    #Turks driven back to #JebelHamrin (land from #Tigris to #Persian hills)
    #USA: appeal by #President #Wilson to #American citizens regarding the war
    #Austrian feelers for separate peace with #Russia apparent
    #France: #Nivelle threatens resigning is his doubtful offensive is not accepted. He claims the offensive will be a peace of cake. The offensive will be executed in #Champagne and at the #Aisne. #Nivelle disposes of 102.000 soldiers and 7000 guns. 2 #German armies stand in front of him (von Below and von Boehn). The #French advance will occur over a distance of 64km between #Soissons and #Reims. The main target is a stretch of densely wooded ridges, parallel to the frontline, known as the ‘#CheminDesDames’. ‘Creeping’ barrages will be used to cover the main charge. The #Germans are excellently prepared as they were able to capture the plans. Immediately before the offensive a #German plane destroys a series of #French artillery observation balloons. The #German artillery heavily shells the columns of #French troops and tanks
    Willy Britz, #Gent: The regiment is now lodged in a factory, not as nice as in Gent
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Work in A, B, DR; quiet on the surface
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 2 Officers & 75 O.R. 39th Div. attached Infantry, return to their Units. 2 Officers & 73 O.R. 23rd DIV. attached Infantry report for duty. A fire occurs at Coys. H.Q. in one of the huts used as Officers Quarters, but is quickly extinguished. Some kit is destroyed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At 7.20pm: the enemy bombards Ploegsteert Wood, but are silenced by our batteries. At 9.00 p.m. Lieut. Clark goes to #Hill60 at the request of the O.C. 1st #Australian Tunnelling Coy. His advice is wanted in the detection of enemy working sounds. At 8 p.m. the enemy raids T95, capturing six Machine Gunners and a Lewis gun
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again bad weather. Exceptionally cold for the time of the year. It is half April and still not possible to see the difference between the rye and the cereal. Nature looks like in Februari. The crops are all late. 40 people take #Easter communion, that is a total of 240. Taking into account that ¼ of the people take their communion in #DeKlijte, that is what I expected. This year it is impossible to check if all parishioners held their #Easter communion; I am afraid that 2 or 3 didn’t. Bombs at the lake. Liévin has been taken by the #British. The #Belgians in Dikkebus are helping the #British in building artillery positions

    14th of April
    Today 1917
    The 987th day of war
    #France: More places captured by #Allies at #Vimy. #German attack at #MonchLePreux repulsed. #British and #French air raid on #Freiburg. End of the first phase of the Battle of #Arras
    Note by #France, #England and #Italy to #Russia regarding #Poland
    #USA: War bill (loan of £1.400.000.000) passes House of Representatives
    Paul René Fonck joins the elite air unit ‘Les Cigognes’ (the Storks). He will become #France’s top airman with 75 victories on his name. Twice he will down 6 planes in one day
    #Berlin, report: Army Group Rupprecht: #Diksmuide and S of Ypres: heavy artillery activity.
    #Berlin, report, #Belgian Coast: Air battle, 2 #French planes downed, the crew of 4 taken prisoner
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Work heard at A. Shallows still unoccupied
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The work at #Hill63 Shelter Tunnels is progressing favourably, using pit-props and corrugated iron on account of the shortage of timber. We are using part of a Company of #NewZealand #Maori Pioneers and #NewZealand attached infantry to carry on this work
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells on the Square. Several on buildings some into the graveyard, destroying several graves. The holes are 2 meters deep and the bodies in the graves have been thrown out. The soldiers immediately rebury them and a few days later I only find a few bones lying around

    13th of April
    Today 1917
    The 986th day of war
    #France: Villages captured by #British S of #Bapaume-#Cambrai road and N of #Scarpe and #Vimy
    #British drive #Turks from #Serijik (#Deli-#Abbas-#Mosul road)
    Occupied #Belgium: As the #USA is now at war with #Germany, the #American relief workers leave #Brussels
    #Vlissingen, #Nederland: Heaviest thunder of artillery, probably another air raid on the #Belgian coast
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the airbase of #Houtem. #Belgian and #French squadrons are stationed in #Houtem and ‘De #Moeren’ (#Adinkerke). The Kong is accompanied by Prince Karel
    Willy Britz, #Rumbeke (#Roeselare): Back into our positions
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Winch and timber driving heard at A and DR
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: On account of the impending operations - work is stopped on the G.H.Q. lines defensive work near #Nieuwkerke. The men are started on a new Battle Brigade Headquarters at Sheet 28 T.12.b. opposite #Messines
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Very heavy shelling of several farms and the railway track. So severe that we almost cannot hear the shells coming. Several soldiers and horses are killed. A long train stationed near farm Delporte is used as dwelling for 2 months. 2 wagons explode and 2 officers and 4 men are killed. The rest of the train drives to #Reningelst. Near farm Desmarets a munition cart uses the very uneven road and explodes. The poor driver is thorn to pieces

    12th of April
    Today 1917
    The 985th day of war
    #France: #British avance N of #Vimy and S of #Arras
    #Turks retreat towards #DeliAbbas (between #Tigris and #Diala)
    #London: meetings celebrating entry of the #USA into the war. Spanish protest to #Germany. #CostaRica places territorial waters and ports at disposal of #USA
    Occupied #Belgium: After initial wrong information #Germany allows transfer of finances to N-#France and unoccupied #Belgium
    #Nederland, #Refugees: Mr. Leonce du Castillon, at the celebration of the King birthday, explains he is convinced that this will be the last celebration in exile, as he is convinced the next one will be in liberated #Belgium. Also celebrated are the participation of the #USA into the war and the ‘rebirth’ of #Russia. The second speaker preaches ‘holy hate’ in the presence of the Consuls of the #Allies
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to aht 17th Linie Regiment and visit by Paul Painlevé. Painlevé is the new #French Minister of War
    Willy Britz, #Gent: Last hours in Gent before rejoining the Regiment
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Repairing crumps, damaged on the 9th. Quiet underground. 1 man wounded
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded. Died of wounds at 2ndCan. C.C.S
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T.131 the 41st Battalion relieved the 42nd Battalion #Australian I.F., also at T.123
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: A #French interpreter-Priest stays at farm Lamerant. Still many #Easter communions this morning. A plane circles above Lamerant farm in the evening. Father Peeters, stauyying at farm Lamerant gives the last anointment to Council Doom, as I cannot get there with my aching foot. #Brasil has severed relations with #Germany. I am less enthusiastic about #Russia with it’s civil war, tending towards as separate peace with #Germany. The #Portuguese have arrived in #France and have been seen on the Scherpenberg

    11th of April
    Today 1917
    The 984th day of war
    #France: Repulse of #British E of #Bullecourt. Capture of #MonchyLePreux (#Arras)
    #British defeat #Turks near #Ghaliya (N of #Baghdad)
    Occupied #Belgium: Soldiers wounded and unfit for duty get a yearly pension in relation to their handicap
    #Belgium, WVL:
    #Belgium, #Refugees:
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The Queen meets a soldier, Robert C., playing an ocarina. He tells her his clarinet stayed behind in #Antwerpen, while the #Belgian Army drew back at the beginning of the war. A few days later the Queens car stops on the Square and asks for soldier Robert C. to present himself. She talks with him for a few moments and gives him a clarinet with the words: ‘Here is something for you my friend. It’s a clarinet, it will replace your’s left behind in occupied #Belgium.’
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to the quarters of the 2nd Guards under command of Col Richard (5LA)
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy mine (explodes) near Allen Crater at 8.30pm: no damage, 1 man wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The enemy shells several batteries which are close to the Piggeries, just in rear of Ploegsteert Wood and our attached #NewZealand and #Australian infantry has to leave their billets for several hours until the shelling subsides
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #QueenElisabeht, #Reningelst: What a sad weather for the time of the year. It snows almost all day. No trace of green yet. Mr. Six, the Mayor is buried at ten. At 5pm her Majesty the Queen visits a cinema projection organised by the #British in favor of the #Belgian #RedCross. The projection is done in a beautiful wooden building in the pasture of Pieter Cambron at the road of the ‘Zevecot’. The civilians living in the Poperingestraat are invited to put out their flags. The Queen arrives accompanied by Prince Karel. There are few civilians on the street because of the horrible weather. Only soldiers are allowed. A schoolgirl gives a bouquet to the Queen

    10th of April
    Today 1917
    The 983rd day of war
    #France: #British capture #Vimy Ridge completely. The #German 6th Army reinforces the #German lines. #Moncy and #Preux are captured. Effort to break through the #Hindenburg line at #Bullecourt fail. The effort is made to relieve the #French lines as munity is spreading in the #French Army. #British losses 150.000, #German losses 100.000
    Great #French bombardment of #Moronvillers (E of #Reims) begins
    #British hospital ship ‘Salta’ sunk by mine in #Channel: 52 drown. Severe explosion of ammunition factory at #Edystone (#Philadelphia)
    #Argentina approves #USA going to war
    #Belgium: The #Belgian Government approves to give an allowance to families of military
    Occupied #Belgium: The #German authorities allow the erection of dog slaughter houses
    #Belgium, report: Shelling of artillery positions at #Pervije, #Noordschote, #Nieuwkapelle, E of railway #Diksmuide-#Nieuwpoort. Handgrenade battles near #Diksmuide and ‘SAS’ (#Boezinge). Our airplanes successfully bomb the airfield near #Gistel and #Zarren
    #Belgium, #Refugees, #Rotterdam. The #Belgian schools are governed by a local committee. Members are the #Dutch authorities, a #Belgian Catholic Priest, a representative of the parents and some #Dutch and #Belgian teachers
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: #SouthAfrican General #Smuts on visit. He was the former advisor of President Paul #Kruger and former Commander of the #Boers at the #Cape during the #BoerWar. He was #Commander of the #British forces in #German East #Africa in #1916. He plays an important rol in the war cabinet in #London. He speaks #Dutch with the King
    Willy Britz, #Gent: Landed in Gent this morning at 10am. I had a good seat until in #Herbestal. But until #Brussels it was very crowdy. From #Brussels on I could sleep again
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Very heavy bombardment. Enemy raid. Many exits from dugouts and shallow sap heads crumped. 1 man killed, 5 wounded, 4 missing
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Off our Prowse Point dugouts we have added a few more smaller dugouts for the use of the infantry and the machine gunners
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: We learn of the victory near #Arras: 11.000 prisoners

    9th of April
    Today 1917
    The 982nd day of war
    #France: Battle of #Arras on a 12-mile front, to attempt to make the #Germans withdraw and to allow the #French to attack in their flank under command of Gen #Nivelle. Ther is strong #German resistance. Under command of Gen #Byng, the #Canadians take #Vimy Ridge, 5 villages and 6000 prisoners. There is a preliminary bombardment of 5 days. The pilots of the Flying Corps suffer great losses, up to 33%. This is due to the superior #German airplane #Albatross III and the #German tactic of ‘diving’
    #Russians occupy #KizilRobat. #British occupy #Harbe
    #Spanish steamer ‘San Fulgencio, carrying #British coal for #Barcelone torpedoed
    #Canadian oversea enlistment: 407.302. Enlistments: #Ontario: 170.205; #Montreal 36.282; #Quebec: 8145
    #Brazil severs diplomatic relations with #Germany
    #Berlin, report: Storm troops SE of Ypres enter #British lines, blow up dugouts and come back with approximately 50 prisoners and 7 machine guns and mortars
    #Belgium, #Refugees, #Rotterdam: Te Deum at the birthday of #KingAlbert
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: The #US has declared war on #Germany, the King writes in his diary. This will have far-reaching consequences
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Generaly quiet (below) and on the surface
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: All afternoon enemy violently bombards our Front Line Trenches at 6.30pm. He fires at least one camouflet against our Front Line Defense Galleries, rupturing 3 Listening Posts & over 140 feet of gallery. Three of our listeners are killed. At 7.30pm he attacks our Trenches but is repulsed. Only 9 of the enemy reach our line, seven of these are killed & the other two wounded & taken prisoners. Two Mobile Charges are captured
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: In our #StYvon system of dugouts and Machine gun emplacements we do a little work constructing dugouts and repairing the existing work, but important new work is being undertaken
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 48 people take part at #Easter. 40 shells at farm Kesteleyn and 3 at Goen. At Vrambout, 16 horses are killed and 12 men are wounded of which 4 die. Nothing is more contradictory than the #British with their sayings: ‘Time is money’ they say and at the same time they seem to have all the time of the world and are very patient. ‘Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise’, but the #British go late to bed and get up late in the morning

    8th of April
    Today 1917
    The 981st day of war
    #France: #British progress between #Bapaume and #Cambrai. Evacuation of #Reims by civilians
    #British capture #Belad staion on #Baghdad-#Samara railway
    #Austria-#Hungary severs diplomatic realations with the #USA. #Panama joins #USA to defend the Panama Canal
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: #Easter: Communion
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Blow 15 LP. Cratered under Hun frontline
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Two Officers and 101 O.Rs. of the 43rd and 44th Battalions, #Australian I.F., attached to our Unit for work on their front
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: #Easter. My foot is now better and I let myself be driven to Dikkebus. It’s beautiful weather, but rather cold. I help distribute 65 #Easter communions. There is much shooting toninght. Since some time very much ammunition is being brought to the front. We are sure that in the coming weeks the #British will have a major offensive in the area

    7th of April
    Today 1917
    The 980th day of war
    #France: #British advance NW of #StQuentin, severe fighting NW of #Reims
    #British night raid on #Zeebrugg
    #Cuba declards war on #Germany
    Occupied #Belgium: #Germany forcefully closes #Belgian businesses. #French and #British Bank accounts are closed and the money is transferred to the #Reichsbank. The #Belgian ‘Staatsblad’ publishes the names of 343 objectors to military service
    #Paris, report: #French troops penetrate #German positions in 2 places near #Lombardsijde. The #German trenches are heavily shelled and turned upside-down. The #French soldiers find many bodies of killed #Germans in the trenches. A hand grenade assault S of the Canal of #Passchendaele is thwarted
    #London, report: #British patrols penetrate #German lines and make many prisoners SE of Ypres and enemy trenches are damaged by artillery fire
    #London, #Admiralty report: Seaplanes attack the pier of #Zeebrugge during the night. Raids on storage and munition depots in #Gent and #Brugge. The seaplanes come back undamaged. In front of #Zeebrugge 2 enemy torpedo boats are torpedoed, 1 is sunk, the other severely damaged, maybe even sunk. No losses on our side
    #Berlin, report: Near the coast and in the Salient of #Wijtschate (#Messines) enemy patrols assault our positions after heavy preliminary barrages with artillery. They are stopped in front of our fortifications and beaten back after fierce man-to-man fighting
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Prince Karel arrives from #England
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: The #US declares war to #Germany
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy blow at 12.45pm, 1 man killed. Work heard at A and DR
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 2 Officers & 75 O.R. 39th Div. attached Infantry returned to their Units. 2 Officers & 75 O.R. 23rd Div. attached Infantry, report for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy aeroplanes drop 3 bombs near our camp at Bailleul
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Evening: the #British do a raid at #StElooi and Verbrande Molen that badly fails: 18 prisoners, but they lose themselves 250 men. Rumors explain that the #Germans suspected it. The closest trenches were evacuated and de MG’s decimated the ranks. Myself and other civilians new about the raid hours in advance

    6th of April
    Today 1917
    The 979th day of war
    #France: Beginning of #French shelling of #German positions from #Soissons to #Reims
    #USA: #President Woodrow #Wilson in name of the #US, declares war on #Germany. First the size of the #US Army has to be increased. The #Marines are better prepared. The #UnitedStates does not become a full Ally of the #British #French and #Russians, but remain an ‘associated’ Power. #President #Wilson does makes it a moral crusade and does not want to be associated to the motives of the other states fighting #Germany. Seizure of #German ships in #US ports
    #Russia: Decree of #Russian Provisional Government abolishing legal, religious, etc. restrictions
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: Much gunning form the #WesternFront. The inhabitants are frightened by the tremendous explosions, causing everything to shake and tremble. Apparently planes drop bombs on #Zeebrugge and near #Brugge. The searchlights are visible in the sky aswell as innumerable projectiles exploding. Fire can be seen from the direction of #Zeebrugge. During the night numerous bombs are also being dropped. Continuous firing is heard. The motors of the planes can be heard
    #Belgium, newspapers: #KingAlbert makes numerous visits to the most forward frontlines. The King shows his courage by often flying over the enemy lines drawing enemy anti-aircraft fire
    #Berlin, report: Our bombing squadrons perform successful attacks on the airbase of #Koksijde, dropping 2500 kg of bombs and on AA-batteries. Our reconnaissance planes perform flights deep into enemy territory
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Met 2 old boreholes. Faily quiet, except work at #Anzac listening post
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Heavy enemy bombardment from 3.30 to 5.0 p.m. at T.121. At T.131, the 42nd Battalion, #Australian I.F., 11th Brigade, relieves the 2nd Battalion, 1st Brigade, #NewZealand R.B. At T.123, the 42nd Battalion, #Australian I.F., 11th Brigade, relieves the 1st #Wellington Battalion 1st #NewZealand R.B. Our working parties are held up for two hours during the night on account of heavy enemy shelling
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The #British raid #German trenches during the night and take 31 prisoners. The farms of Doom and Indevuyst are shelld almost daily. At 12.30pm Mr Six, former Mayor for 13 years of #Reningelst dies

    5th of April
    Today 1917
    The 978th day of war
    #France: #British capture 3 villages between #Cambrai and #StQuentin. #Germans bombard #Urvillers. Great air battle taking 2 days begins
    Airplane raid on #Kent and #Ramsgate, no casualtiex
    #Eastern Front, #Russia: Manifesto by Guchkov (Minister of War) to soldiers to do their duty
    #Belgium: Everywhere #Belgian military football teams are formed after the example of the #British. The #Belgian Army issues an Order to issue the necessary clothing to play football. The tournaments between the different units are a great success. A football championship is organised in #StIdesbald (#Koksijde) and a cross-country of 12km ending on the airfield. Football matches are organised between the #Allies
    #Vlissingen, #Nederland: 2 heavy explosions are heard, the windows are shaking. Hundreds of people go to the Boulevard, where the search lights can be observed in the direction of #Belgium. The explosions are the heaviest we ever heard
    #Belgium, #Refugees: The refugee centre of #Ede is continuing to be demolished. The scouts between 17-23 are taking down the electricity facilities. There was an unsuccessful protest by Mr de Vries. The refugees helping earn 2-4Fl a day. The same facilities will now be built in #Nunspeet
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Prince Leopold comes back from #England for the #Easter holidays
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: All quiet, 1 man killed, 1 man wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: On account of the heavy ground in our #Seaforth Farm deep offensive Scheme, the advance has dropped to ten feet a day. 4'6" I beam legs and 9" x 3" timber caps and sills are being used
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The Chaplain of #Reningelst holds mass in Dikkebus, while I serve in #Reningelst

    4th of April
    Today 1917
    The 977th day of war
    #France: #British advance towards #Cambrai, #French towards #StQuentin
    #Belgian relief ship, ‘Trévier’ with wheat torpedoed off #Scheveningen (#Nederland). There 24 wounded of which some severly. 2 boats bring them to #Ijmuiden (#Nederland). The ship was on its way from #NewYork to #Rotterdam with wheat for the #Belgian Relief Commission. The ‘Trévier’ was heavily shot at without warning – even the rescue boats.
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: The whole they thunder of gunning heard from direction of Ypres. It reaches is peak between 5-6.30pm. Everying is shaking. At 10pm some more explosions are heard
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The Queen arrives from #Italy incognito in #Paris. President #Poincaré visits, immediately after her cousin Sixte of Bourbon Parma. Sixte is holding secret talks with his brother-in-law, Charles, the Kaiser of #Austria. The talks will brake of later on because the attide of Minister-President #Clémenceau. The King knows about the talks but is not involved. The King fetches his wife in Paris
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Indistinct windlass noise at A-gallery. Digging progress in #Melbourne, #Brisbane, #Adelaide and #Anzac tunnels
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded. Died of wounds at 3rd Can. Gen. Hospital
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The 44th Battalion, #Australian I.F., relieves the 42nd battalion, #Autralian I.F., both of the 11th Brigade, 3rd #Australian Division, at T.121
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: My brother Remi spends some days with me on leave

    3rd of April
    Today 1917
    The 976th day of war
    #France: #British and #French capture villages near #Arras and #StQuentin. #German night assault fails
    #Eastern Front: #German success on the #Stokhod (#Volhynia)
    #Russian cavalry occupy #KasrIShirin and #Khanikin
    #Brazilian steamer ‘Parana torpedoed by #German submarine in #Channel
    #Russia: #Russian Provisional Government forms War Committee and repeals anti-#Jewish legislation. #Russian revolutionary #Lenin returns from exile to #Petrograd. He wants to overthrow the Provisional Government and establish a State under government of the #Bolshevik. #Lenin first has to ‘take care’ of the Sowjets (Labour Councils), he will have finished that around October
    #Nederland, #Maastricht, #Refugees: 220 #Belgian children from the area of #Liège arrive in Maastricht. They travel by boat from #Liège to #Visé and continue on foot to #Moelingen, where they are very thoroughly searched. After that they are allowed to cross the border and are brought by train to Maastricht. They are examined by a doctor
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Work heard at A-gallery: probably surface noises
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T.121, one of our batteries dros thirty rounds short near our sap head before they alter their range. T.131, 4pm: we give a Trench-Mortar demonstration. No retaliation from the enemy
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Hard frost, after which 12 hours of snow. The worst day of the year

    2nd of April
    Today 1917
    The 975th day of war
    #France: #British advance near #StQuentin and SE of #Arras
    #British and #Russians in touch at #Kizil-#Robat
    #USA: ‘#Aztec’ armed liner sunk by #German sub off #France
    #USA, #President #Wilson: Speech to #Congress about the deteriorating relationship with #Germany. ‘I advise #Congress to consider the recent behavior of the #German Government (the sub-war and the #Zimmerman telegram) nothing less than war against the Government and the citizens of the #UnitedStates… and to use all power and means to bring the #German Empire to reason and end the war. So I ask #Congress to support ad declaration of ‘A State of War’ with #Germany
    Unoccupied #Belgium: Appeal by the de Broqueville, Minister of War, to be careful not to squander as many precious goods and food are becoming more scarce. Last week 2 successful assaults on the #German trenches at #Steenstrate, taking prisoners. Very lively artillery battles on both sides. Bomb and hand-grenade battles at #Bikschote and #Steenstrate. Bad weather for planes
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: The King explains how the extremist #Bolshevik seem to keep the moderate Menshevik in their power. Kerensky is keeping the #Russian Army resilient
    Arthur Pasquier, #DePanne: I am getting used to my new job. The Division is at rest in De Panne and the Group is in #Ghyvelde. We occupy positions in the dunes and train with the horses in jumping over obstacles. We also train with horses and batteries on the beach, but particularly have inspections – one after the other: in front of the Colonel, the General and even for the King. Compared to the strenuous work at #Onival, this is vacation. Adding to that the element that I am now standing on the other side, giving orders to NCO’s and soldiers… I am comfortably lodged in the room of the Captain. There is an exemplary military discipline emanating strength
    Willy Britz, #Gent: The villages of #Margival, #Neuville and #CoucyLeChâteau are well-known to me. I’d love to join one of the regiments there, like several of my comrades have done. At #Easter a good friend of mine would like to visit you, but he will have to be back here on Tuesday (that good friend is myself, and I spent a few days on furlough over #Easter)
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Fairly quiet underground, quiet on the surface
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: The Subway for Infantry (3ft X 5ft inside timbers) between these two places is completed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: From #LeTouquet to T.121, we are still patrolling the shallow workings which are flooded with water
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The 3rd #Belgian battery at the lake is severly shelled. More than 300 shells drop into the lake and explode. What a beautiful spectacle: the shells creating fountains of water up to 20m high, dropping down in a thick fog. 2 shells drop at the ‘Coevoet’ where the officers are lodged. 300 more drop onto the land surrounding it. Water is still being fetched there. Although nobody got wounded the #British don’t like the lake to be shelled. The water stayed dirty for a few days and some horses died probably by the poisoned water. No more new batteries are now placed at the lake. Shells also on #Poperinge. The priests have been asked to make a call to the inhabitants to deliver all the remaining potatoes to the Army. Since a few days the #Belgian and #British soldiers don’t get anymore potatoes. The civilians are forbidden to sell chips or #French fries to the soldiers

    1st of April
    Today 1917
    The 974th day of war
    #France: #French and #British drive #Germans back. #Reims starts to be shelled
    #Eastern Front: #Bulgar-#Germans start bombarding #Monastir with asphyxiating shells
    #Southern Front: #Russian progress towards #Khanikin and #British #KizilRobat (85 miles NE of #Baghdad). #Turks retreat towards #KasrIShirin (#Persia, #Iran)
    #British Government adheres to the principle of an independent #Poland
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit with Gen De Ceuninck to the Artillery of the 6LA
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I celebrates #Easter at the 8am mass
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy heard at A&B-posts. Boring and facework heard at 5LP #Anzac. Tunnel mining activity. Distant camouflet felt at 7.30pm
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Company's Advanced H.Q. are finished. Strength of Company 923 all ranks
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T.131 the 1st Brigade, #NewZealand RB relieves the 3rd Brigade #NewZealand RB The total length of gallery, #Seaforth Farm drive T.131 is 296 ft. T123, the 4th Battalion, 3rd #NewZealand RB relieved by the 1st #Wellington Battalion, 1st #NewZealand RB
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Many shells on the farms of Doom and Indevuyst

    March, the 31st
    Today 1917
    The 973rd day of war
    #France: #British advance N of #StQuentin
    #British occupy #DeliAbbas (#Iraq)
    #GreatBritain: Order limiting output of beer in the #UK issued
    #Berlin, report: Lively Artillery activity in the Salient of #Wijtschate (#Messines Ridge). Several #German patrols succeeded, whereas #British patrols were thwarted
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Together with Gen Vancker, visit to the 1LA. A #German attack against the sector of the #Grenadiers is thwarted
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy working of craters. Leads: all correct
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Number 29, 30 & 31 Batteries in rear of No.3 and 4 machine gun emplacements, #Nieuwkerke, heavily shelled by enemy artillery to-day
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shrapnel on the Main Square, one lands on the laundry of Désiré Delanotte

    March, the 30th
    Today 1917
    The 972nd day of war
    #France: #British take 8 villages in progress towards #Cambrai. #French recapture lost trenches E of #Champagne
    Hospital ship ‘#Gloucester’ torpedoed in #Channel, no lives lost
    #Russia, #Poland: #Russian Provisional Government acknowledges independene of Poland
    #Belgium, #NewYork (#USA), #Refugees: News from #OysterBay, where #Roosevelt and many #Flemish #Belgians are housed: it has been decided 2400 #Belgian children will be taken charge of. #Roosevelt heads a movement to gather 1.000.000$ per month for #Belgian children. Professor Kelsey of the High School of #Michigan counts on gathering a same amount for the same purpose
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by the #British General Tom Bridges
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy active on surface. Enemy crater work heard at posts 5&6
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy shells C.P.R. Dump with shrapnel for an hour this morning. No casualties resulted
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells on the land of the Mayor

    March, the 29th
    Today 1917
    The 971st day of war
    #France: #British advance E of #Bapaume
    #Southern Front: Heavy #Austrian attacks in the #Carso repulsed
    #Belgium, #Refugees, #Maastricht-#Katwijk: The #German Consulate in Maastricht sends a telegram to the Commission for housing in #Katwijk, that coming Monday, 220 #Belgian from #Liège will arrive in #Moelingen-#Eijsden. The children will be placed with private families for the duration of the war
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Talks with Paul Hymans, plenipotentiary ministers in #London
    Willy Britz, #Gent: There is talk of dissolving our course early as some officers have to go back to the frontline
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy active in vicinity of posts 5 & 6 very noisy
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Lieut: Curtin temporarily posted for duty with No.2 Tunnelling Company, C.E
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Father Hourley, has to move to #Ouderdom. He is replaced by a Protestant Padre, a good man, but a bit shy

    March, the 28th
    Today 1917
    The 970th day of war
    #France: #French and #British advances around #Bapaum-#Cambrai road an #Arras. #Geramn long-range gun shells #Soissons
    #Eastern Front: #Germans report spring thaw preventing fighting on large scale. #Russian attacks in #Moldova
    #Southern Front: Unsuccessful #Austrian attack in #Carso
    #Israel: #Turks claim battle at #Gaza as victory
    2 #British destroyers reported to have been sunk
    #Russia: Members of the #Romanov family take outh of fidelity to the Provisional Government
    #USA, #Belgium, Mr Leidlich: It is to be expected that after the war thousands of #Americans will travel to Belgium to visit the #IJzer area, where the #Belgian people suffered so horribly during the war
    #Oostburg, #Nederland: 10-11pm: A squadron drops bombs in and around #Brugge. As soon as the heavy deflagrations are heard, the search lights go on to discover the planes. Uncountable aerial shrapnel shells are seen exploding. At 11pm a plane comes over our town, apparently having lost its direction and disappears to the West
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: 16pm: Talks with Minister of Colonies Jules Renkin
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A- and B-gallery: occasional distant knocking. Progress digging #Anzac and #Melbourne galleries, #Berlin tunnel, Larchwood and Infantry Dugout
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 30 O.R. reinforcements for Company arrive from C.E.T.D
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Lieut: General Godley, G.O.C. II #ANZAC inspects the men and camp, and expresses himself as pleased with the conditions in general and praised the Unit for its past good record which he is confident will be upheld in the future. He is confident, he says, that the company will prove of great assistance in all pending operations
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Litte Marie-Thérèse Dalle 5,5yrs, living with us, does her first communion. 2 shrapnel at farm Lamerant and 3 shells at farm Dalle in the afternoon: 1 falls next to the façade and destroys the room in which I lived for 10 months. There is a continuous flow of new guns arriving. Father Norcott, Padre in the 39th division comes on visit. The good man has lost an eye in the Battle of the #Somme and now often stays in Ypres

    March, the 27th
    Today 1917
    The 969th day of war
    #France: #British attack NE o #Bapaume, occupy villages NE of #Péronne. #French reach #Aisne-#Oise Canal N of #Soissons
    #Israel: #British take 950 #Turkish prisoners near #Gaza, including several generals and the whole 53rd Divisional Staff, but obliged to fall back due to water shortage
    #French Chamber calls up the 1918 class
    #Russia: Proclamation of self-determination and peace
    #London, #TheTimes: Since the #American Commission for Relief in #Belgium started its work in #Belgium, 12 ships have gone lost. These ships were lost although #Germany had promised to the delegates of the #USA and #Spain not to harm ships with supplies for the occupied territories
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A- and B-galleries: occasional distant knocking noises. Stand to, doors closed, etc., but no attack
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Following a heavy bombardment the enemy raids to the right of T121 at 2am, but they are wiped out by our Machine Gun fire. 44th Battalion, 3rd #Australian Division relieves 42nd Battalion 11th Brigade, 3rd #Australian Division at T.121

    March, the 26th
    Today 1917
    The 968th day of war
    #France: #British take #Lagnicourt, S of #Bapaume. #French repulse several attacks near #StQuentin
    #Russians attack SW of #Baranovichi, losing 300 prisoners
    #Eastern Front: #French take trenches W of #Monastir. #Austrains occupy #Italian advanced trenches S of #Vipacco (#Carso)
    #Isreal: First battle of #Gaza. #British enter the #Turkish province and attempts to break through the #Gaza-#Beersheba-line. The assault fails due to bad #British planning, bad communication between the Infantry and the Cavalry, lack of water and #Turkish resistence. The #Turks lose 2500 men, the #British almost 4000. Gen #Murray receives permission to launch a 2nd attack on the #Turks. #Gaza surrounded but not penetrated
    #USA: Elistment to the #US #Navy to be increased to max 87.000
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: The King makes a flight as observer in a plane piloted by Cpt Jacquet. He flies over the #Belgian and #German frontlines at the #IJzer, accompanied by a small squadron of 4 planes. After the flight the King joins the General Staff with many pictures he made to report about the gathered observations. There was no air battle, but the enemy did fire at the plane and it’s escort
    Willy Britz, #Gent: This Sunday I listen to the promenade concert. In the afternoon I go to the cinema. Dinner in the soldiers hostel
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Shooting training in the afternoon
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Knocking sounds in A- and B-galleries
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We finish the concrete work on No.3 Dugout entrance, #Nieuwkerke today. This work is progressing rapidly
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The #British mules and horses have become very lean, some are miserable, due to a lack of oats and hai. Baking with pure flour is now forbidden, but people still do it hiding. All Wheat has to be declared and the farmers are allowed only a small part for personal use, the rest has to be delivered to the Army at only 33Fr. Mr Nevejan, the Mayor of #Poelkapelle is tasked with requisitioning and distributing in the area

    March, the 25th
    Today 1917
    The 967th day of war
    #France: Hard fighting S of #StQuentin. 395 shells on #Reims
    #Eastern Front: #German attack with gas in #Dvinsk repulsed. Gen Alexeiev CinC of #Russian Army
    #French attack on #Oujjan (#Marocco)
    #Dunkerque bombarded from sea
    #USA: #US Legation at #Brussels removed to #LeHavre, #Belgian relief work undertaken by other neutrals
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Visit to Padre Krijnen from #Bree in the afternoon
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A-gallery reporting distinctive noises of timber bumping and sawing. B-gallery: occasional bumping noises distant and above
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: During night, after heavy Bombardment, enemy makes an attack on our trenches, but is beaten back by our Lewis Guns
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 4th Battalion #NewZealand Rifle Brigade relieves 2nd Battalion #NewZealand Rifle Brigade at T.123. Timber is proving too light for #Seaforth Farm deep workings, 20 we are replacing with I-beams
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: At midnight the clock is advanced by 1 hour. Holy communion of the children of #Reningelst. Pastor Lamerant replaces me in Dikkebus, while I sing mass in #Reningelst. In the afternoon the #German throw about 500 shells at the house near the lake: a miracle no guns damaged and no men hurt. It is the intention to build a railway track in #Reningelst over the mote of farmer Verdonck. Soldiers are pumping out the water of the mote. They will fill part of the mote for the railway track. In this manner the war destroys another tresor of the village, dating back to the Middle Ages, the last remnants of the Castle of the Lords of #Reningelst

    March, the 24th
    Today 1917
    The 966th day of war
    #France: #British take #Roisel E of #Péronne. #French progress near #Oise, #LaFère and E of the Canal #Ailette
    #Eastern Front: #Russian armies declare their loyalty to the Provisional Government
    #France protest to neutrals against barbarity and devastation by #Germans in evacuated territory. #Allied Ministers. #Greek Government demands withdrawal of #Italian troops from Epirus
    #Berlin, report: Clear weather and the Artillery lively in #Vlaanderen. SE of Ypres our trench mortars fire fiercly. Our patrols advancing found the trenches completely destroyed and abandoned by the enemy
    #Terneuzen (#Nederland): All of Sunday, heavy gunning was audible and the windows vibrating. Guns also well audible in town
    #IJzer, #Belgium: Enemy artillery active along the whole frontline. The villages #Kaaskerke, #Noordschote and #OudStuivekenskerke several times shelled. The enemy batteries were shelled in #Ramskapelle, #Pervijze, #Diksmuide and #Steenstrate. Bomb and grenade attacks around #Diksmuide and at ‘Het Sas’. Bad weather has hampered flying, some useful reconnaissance when the clouds lift
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Talks with Baron de Broqueville an Gen Ruquoy in #Houtem. The talks are about the situation in #Russia and the message by the #Belgian Government for #Russia. King Albert warns to be careful
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle:Training at the coast in the morning, parade for Col Bormans in the afternoon
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 5:25am: The enemy blows a camouflet from a crater. 2 listeners shaken, nobody seriously hurt, little damage to the workings, no gas. A- and B-posts hear knocking noises which are distant and thought not to be mining
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Midnight: the clock is advanced one hour. At No.2 machine gun emplacement, La Hutte, work had to be stopped from 7- 8.20am on account of heavy enemy shelling. No damage done
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 5am: #German attack on #StElooi, #Hill60. Attack repulsed and 1 #German officer and 7 soldiers captured. The gunning continuous for the rest of the day. Many shells around the farms Doom and Indevuyst. 2 soldiers are killed. Much fighting around #Boezinge in the evening

    March, the 23rd
    Today 1917
    The 965th day of war
    #France: #French ad advances S of #StQuentin. #Oise valley and #LaFère flodded by enemy
    #Eastern Front: #Russians lose trenches W of #Moinesci (#Rumanian front). #Germans massing on #Riga-#Dvinsk front, seriously menacing #Petrograd
    #Southern Front: Bombs on #Mudros from #German airship
    Telegram from Mr #LloydGeorge to #Russian Prime Minister
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by Cinc Robert Georges #Nivelle. He explains that the withdrawel to the #Hindenburg Line does not change his all-over plans. An offensive would as planned start on the 8th of April in the sector of #Reims for the #French troops and around #Arras for the #British. He admits the #Germans to be stronger than the preceeding year. He regret not being well-informed about the revolution in #Russia
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Same as yesterday, training for the whole Company
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: The only post reporting sounds in A-gallery: solid hammering or bumping with sounds as of earthworks
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Three O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy raids at T123 following a heavy bombardment from 3.50-4.20am. Lieut: Arthurs temporarily posted for duty from No.2 Tunnelling Company, C.E
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: A #German plane drops 4 bombs NW of #Reningelst near the house of the clogs maker. Nothing serious. Also bombs on #Dranouter

    March, the 22nd
    Today 1917
    The 964th day of war
    #France: Increased enemy resistence from #StQuentin to #Arras, heavy snowstroms. #French progress N of #Tergnier and N of #Soissons
    #Eastern Front: #Russians retake lost trenches near #Lida (#Riga)
    ‘Moewe’ returns port after second cruise in the #Atlantic sinking 111.000 tons of #British shipping
    #USA: #American steamer ‘Healdton’ sunk
    #Belgium: The #Belgian government erects a sanatorium for TBC patients from unoccupied Belgium in #Lyon
    #Berlin, report: In connection to our reconnaissance troops movements the gunning has increased. A number of prisoners have been taken
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Trip to #Cassel and #StOmer. Cold and snowstorm
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Listening posts: nothing beyond surface noises
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Training for the platoon. I join Cmy Lerot to replace Lt Rombauts, who is in #DePanne for training. I am very well received and dine with the officers in the evening
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy raid at T.122. It is reported that the Saxons hold the line opposite T.121. Enemy registered on GHQ lines #Nieuwkerke and drops one shell near new No.1 shaft
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again frost, what a hard winter! Burial of Jules De Bruyne, refugee from #Kemmel. 2 shells drop on #Millekruise and also several on #Poperinge

    March, the 21st
    Today 1917
    The 963rd day of war
    #France: #British and #French progress: SE & E of #Péronne, towards #StQuentin, #Cambrai, and #Soissons
    #Eastern Front: #Germans active near #Lida (#Beresina), #Galicia and #Rumanian front
    #Southern Front: #French fighting frees #Monastir
    #Russians continue to persue #Turks from #Sakiz (#Persia) towars #Kersmanshah
    #Russia: Ex-#Tsar and Tsarina deprived of their liberty. General political amnesty
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to Baron de Broqueville in #Steenbourg (#France). The King judges the #German withdrawal to the #Hindenburg Line to be a strategic move. It draws the #French away from #Paris and allows them to be attacked in the flank. Gen #Nivelle and #Haig decide to keep up the pressure
    Arthur Pasquier: The return to the frontline was more pleasant than expected. After the course we dine in #Abbeville an then spend the evening in #Calais. Then we stay in hotel Teirlinck in #DePanne, we are appointed to join the 10th Artillery Regiment. I am appointed to the group of 120mm #Schneider #Howiters. 2 of my friends are unlucky to be appointed to the trench mortars, a weapon as hard as the infantry, one can not even make a horse ride doing that! After all the appointments the Major adds with a smile that tomorrow we are all promoted to Adjudant. Many have waited for long to receive that appointment and the joy is general. I am appointed to the first battery. The commander is a very young, friendly captain, almost as gentle as a girl. The first evening he invites me to diner. Well, I have walked a long road in the last 7 months. I am so glad to have endured the hardships at the beginning!
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Training from 7.30am until 5.30pm
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 4.45pm: 600lbs of ammonal blown at post 8, craterers to the surface, wrecking the enemy lines, but creating no severe damage to our workings. Together with the charge blown up yesterday, both were on schedule. Enemy disposition at intervals rather lively. Leads tested: all normal. Progress in digging at #Melbourne gallery, #Berlin tunnel and Larchwood, Infantry Subway and #Australian Dugout
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Considerable enemy shelling at #StYvon during the afternoon
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells at the farm of the Mayor. 3pm: shells at the Hallebast, 1 beside the Chapel of Braem and 1 in the pasture. #Loker is also shelled: 1 shell lands in the garden of the Pastor

    March, the 20th
    Today 1917
    The 962nd day of war
    #France: Despite bad weather #British advance towards #Cambrai and #StQuentin
    #British hospital ship ‘Asturias’ torpedoed without warning: 41 lost
    #Russia: Ex-#Tsar reviews troops, urging loyalty to the Government and prosecution of war. Casualties at #Petrograd: 2500
    #USA, #Mexico: #American note to General Carranza publicized
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to the Artillery of the 1LA in #Reninge
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: #British and #French advance over a front of 144km and 20km deep
    Willy Britz, #Gent: We should have gone to #Beverlo, but the plans have changed. Saturday is as uncomfortable as at home: clean the rooms, make beds and other maid-chores
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Charge at 5-post. Also charge of 600lbs of ammonal at 9-post. Enemy disposition fairly lively after our bombardment, no damage to our workings. Popping noises heard in A-gallery. At 4.48pm camouflet of 200lbs in torpedo charge blown up at post 5, causing only slight damage to the shallows
    Jacobus Winters, #BrayDunes: 11am: the Bde moves to BrayDunes. I stay for the 3rd time at ‘A la Belle Vue de la Mairie’ besides the Town Hall. I am received with open arms by the inhabitants
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Five other ranks arrived from the base as reinforcements. 1st Battalion New Zealand Rifle Brigade relieved the 3rd Battalion New zealand Rifle Brigade,T131. Enemy made two direct hits on light railway at #StYvon
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again shells on #Poperinge near the Elisabeth Hospital

    March, the 19th
    Today 1917
    The 961st day of war
    #France: 40 more villages in #Allied hands, 170 in 3 days. Heavy #German attacks repulsed near #Verdun
    #Southern Front: Continued fighting in #Monastir
    Capture by #British of #Falujah
    #French battleship ‘#Danton’ torpedoed in #Mediterranean: 296 lost
    #Russia: attempt to murder #Kerenski
    #Paris, report: heavy both-sided shelling less heavy, due to the weather
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to the air base of #DeMoeren (#Adinkerke). It is also used by #French and #British planes
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Relieved in the evening. I meet my friend Conix and Lt Croymans. We stay at farm Ameloot in #Wulpendamme
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 5&6 posts are noisy, but could not distinguish much due to our bombardment
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy heavy artillery registered on Prowse Point and #Ontario Ave: in the morning. No damage done
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The 2 Group #Belgian Batteries leaves for training with 115mm guns in #Eu (#France). It is not certain that they will come back here. #Péronne has been taken by the #British. A special permit is needed for feeding the soldiers. The paperwork takes weeks. The regulations stipulate that it is forbidden to serve food to the soldiers in the same place where it is cooked, so those that would need the financial help the most – the poorest – are those that are forbidden to give this service. Shells in the afternoon on #Poperinge

    March, the 18th
    Today 1917
    The 960th day of war
    #France: #British occupy #Chaulnes and #Péronne, advancing over 4-mile front towards #Arras. #French advancing over a 40-mile front taking #Noyon, #Nesle and #Guiscard. #Zeppelin brought at #Compiègne. #Germans lauch heavy attack at #MortHomme near #Verdun
    #Ramsgate shelled, no casualties
    After 5 days’ fighting #French capture 1200 #Bulgarians N of #Monastir
    #Russians enter #Van (#Armenia)
    #German destroyers fire on #Kent coast towns
    #USA, 3 #US steamers sunk: ‘City of #Memphis’, ‘Vigilancia’ and ‘Illinois’: 14.600 tons gross shipping lost. The incident greatly increases the anger of the #UnitedStates
    #Russian press urges loyalty to the #Allied cause
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit to the 3rd Squadron. First flight above the frontline. The #Belgian Airforce is at this time under the command Lt Van Crombrugge of the Artillery. They depart from the airfield in #DeMoeren, near De Panne in a ‘Farman 40’. The King sits in the seat of the observer, behind the pilot. Capt Fernand Jacquet flies for 35 minutes over De Panne, #Koksijde, #Ramskapelle, #Kaaskerke, #Lo, #Veurne, #StIdesbald, #Adinkerke and #DeMoeren. The ‘Farman 40’ is escorted by another fighter aircraft in which the King’s orderly Officer, Preud’homme is seated
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: We return from our forward position
    Arthur Pasquier: Today we get the results of the exams of our artillery course. Again very satisfactory, I come out as first of the session with 43/50. Only 3 fail, of which one is the son of a Secretary of State. Maj Gillieaux promises me to take me back into his group
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 5&6 posts are noisy, but could not distinguish much due to our bombardment
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. killed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy aeroplanes quite active over #StYvon. Enemy registered on #StYvon trench this morning
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Since a few days we read that the #Germans are withdrawing in the #Somme area. Today we learn that #Bapaume has been taken

    March, the 17th
    Today 1917
    The 959th day of war
    #France: #British take #Bapaume. #Germans abandon line occupied for 2 years, between #Oise and #Andechy
    #Frankfurt bombed in reprisal for destruction of #Bapaume
    #Airplane raid on #Kent, no casualties
    #British troops are 35 miles N of #Baghdad
    #Russians occupying #Kerind on #Tehran road continue persuing #Turks
    #German destroyers shell #Ramsgate and sink a destroyer and several others and a merchant ship travelling between #France and #GreatBritain. The #German destroyers have no losses
    #Germans send many prisoners into war zone as ‘reprisal’
    Arthur Pasquier: The artillery course I so much enjoyed during the last 3,5 months is coming to its end. It’s like being at university, we are now waiting for the results of the exams. Our Lt Descamps seems to want to harden us to the most difficult circumstances in horseriding. Going down a slope on horse, 1 out of 3 of us fall down. 3 times I fall down, but the Lt comes to help me and pushes my knees against the saddle. Finally I succeed in acquiring this #Italian technique. Horseriding close to the cliffs, with the sea gaping below us, but nobody gets injured. We have to horseride without our mantle at -15C°. We are told that while riding on a horse one never gets cold. The series of courses to are relaxation, it makes me much happier than even the leave I took in #DePanne
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A gallery: loud knocking audible, sometimes without geophone. It is surface repair work to the enemy trenches after bombardments
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Lieut: Webster returnS from 1st Tunnelling Company, C.E. where he was temporarily attached
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: News comes in of the revolution in #Rusia and the abdication by the #Tsar. Something the newspapers did not prepare us for


    March, the 16th
    Today 1917
    The 958th day of war
    #France: Big #British advance on #Somme and domination of #Péronne
    #Zeppelin raid on #Kent and #Sussex, no casualties
    Airplanes over #Westgate
    #Southern Front: #Austrians destroy #Italian defences in #SanPellegrino Valley (#Dolomites)
    #Russian dislodge #Turks from summit of #Naleshkian (#Persia) and occupy #Kelliabad
    #Russia: #British labor leaders sent telegram of sympathy to the #Russian labor party. Speech by #Kerenski in the #Duma
    Acute potato famine in #England
    Sheikh Ul Islam proclaims Holy War
    General mobilization of #Turks
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: In the trenches, in the evening to the forward positions
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A gallery: sound above and to the right: walking heard that starts and stops. #Anzac gallery: noises can be heard with the ear
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Major L.N.B. Bullock, O.C. of Company, leaves for U.K. Capt. F.A. Brewster acting O.C. of Company
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy shells T121, #Westminster Tunnel and #StYvon continuously from 9pm to midnight with trench mortars and gas shells. No casualties owing to the prompt use of box respirators which are worn by our men for four hours. Great care is being taken to hide the #Nieuwkerke Machine Gun emplacements from view by using camouflage

    March, the 15th
    Today 1917
    The 957th day of war
    #France: #British progress S of #Somme. #German attack E of #AchietLePetit
    #Turkish concentration in #Asia Minor. #Turks in full flight towards #Samarra (#Tigris)
    #British torpedo boat mined in the #Channel
    #Russia: #Tsar #Nicholas abdicates, rejects to be replaced by his son Alexej preferring his brother Count Mikhail
    #Nederland, #Belgium: The sea blockade between Belgium and #Holland has been lifted. Yesterday to steam ships and 2 pilot vessels have arrived in #Hansweert from #Antwerpen. The crew of the Telegraph Boat of Thursday was detained and complained about a lack of food
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: News about the situation of #Tsar Nicolas of #Russia abdicating
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Evening: back to the frontline
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: The #Russian #Tsar abdicates!
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: Distinct noises from the same direction as usual
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The enemy shells Ploegsteert Wood with shrapnel, H.E. and gas. Shells for one hour at 8.30pm. One casualty from shrapnel. Start sinking No1 Shaft at #Nieuwkerke with 5' 3" diameter steel tubbing
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Again shells in Dikkebus Lake. The Chaplain of #Reningelst buries widow Braem

    March, the 14th
    Today 1917
    The 956th day of war
    #France: #British progress near #Bapaume, #AchietLePetit (#Ancre) and towards #LesEssarts
    #Southern Front, #Monastir: #Austrian attack in the West and #Italian advance to the East
    #British 35 miles NE of #Baghdad - #Turks hurrying to positions 20m N of Baghdad
    #Russia #Moscow, #Kharkov and #Odessa declar for Provisional Government
    #German minister in #Peking is handed his passports to leave
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by #French Gen Nollet, new CO of the 36th Army Corps
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I leave from #Eggewaertskapelle and go to the frontline
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Camouflet charge ready at Post 9. #Anzac gallery: only sounds heard to the left. Digging progress in #Berlin Tunnel, #Melbourne gallery, Larchwood, Australian Dugout and Infantry Subway
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Started Machine Gun emplacements at GHQ lines, #Nieuwkerke. These will be carried out on similar lines to those at La Hutte
    Chateau and #StYvon. GOC 25th Division, General Bambridge visited #Westminster Tunnel
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells falling in Dikkebus Lake

    March, the 13th
    Today 1917
    The 955th day of war
    #France: Fighting near #Loupart Wood and #Grévillers near #Bapaume, near #Gommecourt, Soissons and #StMihiel (near #Verdun)
    #Eastern Front: #Bulgars bombard #Galatz from the #Danube
    #Southern Front: Field hospitals at #Vertekop (#Serbia) bombed: 2 #British nurses and others killed
    #Russians take #Kermanshah (#Persia). #British 30 miles from #Baghdad
    #Norwegian relief ship ‘Lars Fostenes’ carrying grain, torpedoed outside of blockade zone
    #Russia: Revolutionary movement at #Petrograd continues
    #China breaks off relation with #Germany
    #USA: The #US Government announces that in reaction to the #German unlimited submarine war, #President #Wilson decided to arm all merchant ships in the areas where # subs are active
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Rumors of riots in #Petrograd
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I come back from the trenches and go to #Eggewaertskapelle, where I stay at the house of mr Madelein
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: sounds of the same nature and working as heard in post 5
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Lieuts. C.H. McNutt, N. Howells & G.L. Burland, report for duty from C.E.T.D
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 369 other ranks and four officers are attached to the company to replace the company of #Maori Pioneers. 3rd #NewZealand Rifle Brigade relieves 8th Royal #Irish Rifles at T131
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 10pm: Fierce #German artillery assault

    March, the 12th
    Today 1917
    The 954th day of war
    #France: #British raid near #Arras. #Soissons bombarded with incendiary shells
    #Eastern Front: Successful #German raids in #Galicia
    #Southern Front: #British advance on the #Doiran front
    #Italians occupy #Bukamez (W of #Tripoli-
    #USA: #American steamer ‘Algonquin’ torpedoed without warning. #US #StateDepartment rules that merchant-vessels armed fore and aft may clear from #US ports
    #Russia: #Russian revolution begins: Provisional Government formed. Order N°1 is issued, relieving officers of their authority. Chaos spread all over Russia. The Tsar under growing pressure. Vladimir #Lenin is not present at the coup, but is speedily sent to #Russia in a train provided by #Germany
    Occupied #Belgium: There are no boats from #Antwerpen travelling to #Nederland
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Planned visit by Gen #Nivelle postponed
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: noises as usual but only for a little while during the day. Camouflet wire gallery will be completed. Borehole is ready for 200lbs of loose Ammonal in bags
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: At the moment there is big lack of milk. There are only few cows left in the area and those that are left don’t give much milk


    March, the 11th
    Today 1917
    The 953rd day of war
    #France: Continuous air fighting, loss of 26 #Allied and #German planes reported
    #Eastern Front: #Russian gas attack E of #Mitau
    #Southern Front: Spring Campaign in #Macedonia begins
    #British enter #Baghdad
    #Russia: Strikers’ food demonstrations and rioting increase in #Petrograd. The Tsar ignores the call of the President of the #Duma for urgent political reforms. Instead he dissolves the #Duma, but it continues to operate in #Petrograd, where the garrison revolted yesterday
    #Chinese parliament votes for breach with #Germany
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Trip to #Calais, #Boulogne-Sur-Mer and #StOmer
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I go on leave to #DePanne to meet Ed Verheyen in l’#Océan. I buy a pair of leather puttees for 29fr
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: The #British take #Baghdad. To prevent trouble I change to the 48th battery under CO Schaar. So I leave my good CO Massart, so I become sergeant
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: http://users.telenet.be/frontsoldaat/pagina27.html
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: Intermittent sound of working heard. The noises are picke up by our geophone but not with the electrical instrument, but it does prove to be sensitive to our own gallery noises.
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Lt Spears goes to Villers for more steel caisons
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Children can easily be sent to #Schweiz, through Mrs Five. In this manner the children from #Reningelst and #Wulveringem went to #Schweiz

    March, the 10th
    Today 1917
    The 952nd day of war
    #France: #British capture #Irles (#Ancres): 292 prisoners
    #Eastern Front: #Rumanians and #Russians counter-attack to regain #Magyaros Ridge (#Moldavia)
    #Turks forced back to within 3 miles of #Baghdad
    #Russia: 25.000 workers go on strike. Army units called up to end the growing unrest, refuse to fire on the demonstraters. This is called the #FebruaryRevolution as the #Russian calendar is 11 days back on the West
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by Jacques Bastin, consul of #Belgium in #Yokohama (#Japan). Visit by the Prince Albert de Ligne
    #Paris, report: It is reported that 200 #Swiss businessmen have been expelled from #Brussels, #Liège and #Antwerpen by the #German authorities. They have just arrived back in #Schweiz. The #Swiss Federal Council (#Bundesrat) will ask explanations from the Government in #Berlin
    #Paris, report: Fierce gunning around #Diksmuide
    #Vlissingen: From #Belgium the sound of gunning is so tremendous as not having happened since months
    #GreatBritain, #Refugees: Our correspondent in #LeHavre announces that the refugees having been helped in #England, have decided to erect a monument after the war to thank Great Britain for it’s hospitality
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Today I am officer on guard, nothing to do
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac post: enemy face work heard distinctly, as if moving toward 9.6. Noises appear more intense than previously. D gallery: enemy heard working
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: In the neighbourhood of La Hutte Chateau we are carrying out a Series of Battle Brigade Headquarters dugouts and Machine Gun emplacements. These are made by stepping down with timber and using steel I-beam sets in the main galleries. The dugouts are roofed with concrete bursters and steel I-beams. The raises to surface for the machine gun emplacements are concrete lines. We have about 25 ft of head cover over the dugouts
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The men of the #Belgian battery of the 2nd Group go on rest to #Godewaersvelde. The men of the echelons stay in the farms, which makes them very happy as it is more comfortable

    March, the 9th
    Today 1917
    The 951st day of war
    #France: #French repulse attack in #Champagne and N of #BoisDesCaurières
    Passage of #Diala forced on #Turks by #British near #Baghdad. #Russians attack retreating #Turks near #Sivas (#Asia Minor). General retreat of #Turks in #Persia
    World shortage of wheat foreshadowed in #French Chamber. Food problem in #Petrograd becomes urgent. #Dutch authorities officially notified by #Germany that sa&fety is guaranteed for shipping along a strip of #NorthSea from #Nederland to #Norway
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I go on leave to #Adinkerke to visit my friend Conix. His Bn is at rest and he hasn’t changed a bit. It’s exactly 16 months ago since we met for the last time
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac post: sounds of enemy mining. Sounds of boring at intervals. D gallery: sounds corresponding with those of #Anzac, but from above
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy attempts air raid at T126 and T127. 11pm: 4th Battalion #NewZealand Rifle Brigade relieve 2nd Battalion New Zealand Rifle Brigade at T123. Heavy enemy bombardment of T131 at 11am
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Our village that used to be so quiet before the war, now sees regularly deaths by car or cart accidents. One of our acolytes, Nestor Lahay, orphan, 11y, coming from school, was overrun, the 4th death in 1 week. Taking into account that quite a few drivers are drunk, civilians as well as military. Wealth is a villain: some cannot master it. There is #Champagne everywhere and Chocolate and candy is at only 1/10 of the price before the war. Most goods are expensive: it’s difficult to find good meat, even with the high prices. Everybody has money and only wants the best

    March, the 8th
    Today 1917
    The 950th day of war
    5 enemy raids against #British positions N of #Wulvergem (#Messines)
    #Eastern Front: #Rumanians loose 3 heights NW of #Ocna. #Germans repulsed near #Mitau (#Riga)
    #Southern Front: Severals days of shelling of #Monastir#Turks driven from positions 6 miles from #Baghdad. #Russians on road from #Hamadan rout #Turks
    #Norwegian relief ship ‘#Storstad’ torpedoed
    #USA: Wireless communication between #US and #Germany suspended. #President #Wilson decides to arm #American ships against submarines
    Death of Count #Zeppelin
    #Russia: Riots, strikes and massive demonstrations in #Moskau. The population demonstrates against the lack of food and fuel and against the autocratic style of governing
    #Berlin, report: W of #Wijtschate stormtroops have entered the #British positions. They came back with 37 prisoners, 2MG’s and a Minenwerfer (trench mortar)
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: My orderly is all the time busy. He brushes my clothes- quite a job!... and repairs tham continuously. They are often torn by barbed wire . I am probably the filthiest soldier in all of the Army. Before the war, when I was 19, I wore striped pants in a perfect fold and pearl-grey vest and black jacket. A dianthus in the buttonhole. My hair was well-cut, socks and a tie of the same color and lacked shoes. But this is now all far away!
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Evening: we come back from the trenches
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Work on stair exit Infantry Subway hampered by frozen ground. #Anzac post: sounds of enemy mining as of boring and falling ground. 1 man wounded
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: #NewZealand artillery make the #Germans cease fire at T121. 8th Royal #Irish Rifles,107th Brigade, 36th Division, relieves the 15th Royal #Irish Rifles at T131. Ground caving badly retarding the work underground at #Seaforth Farm
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: I have to keep still, due to 2 frost wounds on my foot. The officers of the 39th are much more gentlemen than those of the 43rd. Since the beginning of October, the 16th Irish Division is in #Loker. Shells around farms Deraedt and Desmarets

    March, the 7th
    Today 1917
    The 949th day of war
    3 #Turkish column in W #Persia continue retreat, converging on #Baghdad Road at #Kangavar. The main #Turkish column is thrown from #Assadabad by pursuing #Russians. 1920 class called up in #Austria
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Lunch with the Prince of Teck, where he meets the #British Captain Lambton of the Royal #Navy Air Service
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: The Cmy is on guard at Schilderbrug
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Crater work heard and leads tested. Digging advanced in #Melbourne gallery, #Berlin and Larchwood tunnel, Infantry Subway and Australian Dugout
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At #StYvon and at #Westminster we are carrying out a system of Tunnels which connect dugouts and machine gun emplacements. In this locality much difficulty is experienced on account of running ground and consequently the timbering is all close set and the raises are concreted. At some points the galleries are reinforced with I beams and the dugouts are covered with concrete bursters reinforced with I beams
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Strong frost: the windows of my room are completely frozen. Threshing at farmer Ghesquiere spotted by the #Germans. 1 hour before dark, a shell drops 6 meters from the threshing machine. The men disperse immediately, but only 1 is slightly wounded. 7-8 more shells drop down but without injuries. The commerce of lacework has almost come to a standstill. Probably the officers and men have less income for this and have enough ‘souvenirs’

    March, the 6th
    Today 1917
    The 948th day of war
    #France: #British line extends to #Reims, twice the length of the year before
    #Eastern Front: Night attack on positions S of #Brzezany fails
    #British cavalry 14 miles S of #Baghdad
    #US #SupremeCourt decides ‘Appam’ case in favour of #British owners
    The #Belgian Government publishes a 2nd list of those men refusing to do their military duties
    #London, report: Enemy batteries have been silenced by our guns W of #Messines. 3 enemy planes downed, 3 others forced to land and damaged. 4 of our planes are downed and 7 are missing
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the quarters of the 8Linie in #Wulpen
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: On guard at the railroad
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Only usual sounds of work from craters opposite #Anzac
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: At T131, Seaforth Farm, we are putting forward an offensive mine with the objective Petit Douve. Owing to the heavy ground (swelling clay) which we encounter at a depth of 120ft, it is necessary to use steel I-beams, sets with heavily reinforced castings for corner connections
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 1 Bde of the 43rd has left and is replaced by the 39th

    March, the 5th
    Today 1917
    The 947th day of war
    #France: #German attack W of PontAMousson fails. #British progress on #Ancre front towards #Bapaume Ridge
    #Southern Front: Sharp fighting in the #Dolomites
    #British engagement with #Turkish rearguard at #Laj near #Ctesiphon. #Russians occupy #Kangavar, S of #Hamadan. #Turks abandon strong position W of #Shalal (#Sinai Peninsula)
    #USA: #Austrian reply to #US memorandum regarding new submarine warfare. #President #Wilson’s inaugural address at opening of his second term. Lord Milner returns from #Allied Conference at #Petrograd
    #Nederland, #Refugees: Today, app 500 #Belgian children 5-12y arrive in #Roosendaal. 125 children go the beach hotel in #Vlissingen, 50 to the orphan house in #Middelburg and 25 are privately lodged during 6 weeks in #Goes. Tomorrow again 600 more children will levae to #Holland. 113 from #Liège, 110 from #Antwerpen, 50 from #Mechelen, 22 from #StNiklaas and 10 from #Lier. Added to that 22 children from #Dutch parents staying in #Belgium. Of those children 36 will stay in #Holland for the rest of the duration of the war
    #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The Queen and princess Marie-José arrive in #Genua and continue to #Firenze, where they visit the town. The Queen stays in #Toskana for 1 month and intensely enjoys the coastal area. Princess Marie-José enters the girls boarding school ‘Santissima Annunziata’ (Poggio Imperiale). It is the previous dwelling of the Dukes of #Toskana, near #Firenze. This is where the Princess starts high school. She will be there until the summer of 1919. The Princess is always accompanied by miss Kathe Hammerley, her #British governess
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: We return to our positions at #Schilderburg
    Willy Britz, #Gent: I have been promoted to NCO and get 13.33M salary! I let myself be photographed. I have a good time in #Antwerpen and #Brussels. With Bosbach I drive to #Brussels in the morning. We have to wait there for 2 hours, so we visit the surroundings of the station. At 10.30am the journey continues to #Antwerpen. We make a thorough visit of the city. It is similar to #Köln. At the port I visit a big steamship. At 9pm we drive back to #Gent by #Brussels, arriving at 3am. At 5.45am the day starts
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy activity working in the craters opposite #Anzac. Enemy on surface active with trench mortars
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded. Dies of wounds at C.C.S
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Several existing mines at T121-T123 are kept free of water on account of the charges already laid. Listening, pumping and repairing are carried on, as we have already reached our objectives
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 45 people come to confession. This is, taking into account the war condistion, very satisfactory. A regulation forbids bread to be sold at more than 50cts. Piglets are too cheap, full-grown pigs too expensive. Shells at farms Doom and Indevuyst. 1 shell falls on the cow stable of Vandevuyst, 1 cow dies

    March, the 4th
    Today 1917
    The 946th day of war
    #France: #Germans gain footing in #Caurières Wood (#Verdun). E of #Gommecourt #British continued advance
    #Eastern Front: #Russian gas attack near #Krevo (SE of #Vilna). On the #Sereth, #Rumanians bombard region of #Calieni
    Enemy attack in force E of #Gorizia driven back with heavy losses. #Austrians massing in #Trentino. #Italians occupy heights in #Costabella (#Avisio)
    Naval planes bomb #Brebach (#Saarbrücken)
    #Flemish deputation received by #German Chancellor
    #Berlin, report: 18 enemy planes downed
    Artillery bombardment between #Steenstrate and #Boezinge
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: Visit by #British Admiral John Jellicoe. They talk about the intense #German #Uboat war. He informed the King about the loss of ships and the Uboats. He admits that the situation is grave. The King writes down his concerns about the consequences for the #Allies in his diary
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: I report to the CO of the 4th Cyclist Cmy and receive a new cycle
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Enemy disposition under and over ground: all quiet
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 105 communions this morning. Very bad weather. Shells dropping at the Gendarmerie. A shrapnel shot at a plane explodes in the barn of Gesquiere killing 3 young cows. The soil has now completely thawed

    March, the 3rd
    Today 1917
    The 945th day of war
    #France: #British progress N of #Puisieux and E of #Gommecourt
    #Eastern Front: #Russian gas attack N of Lake #Naroch. #German attack SW of #Brzezany (#Galicia) and near #Voruchin (W of #Lutsk)
    #Southern Front: Fierce fighting near #Monastir. #Italian troops in action
    Governments of #Japan and #Mexico deny having received proposals from #Germany
    #USA: Obstructionist minority prevents Vote on #President’s armed neutrality policy. 15.000 #British women volunteer for National Service in 3 days. Mr. #Wilson takes oath as #President of the #UnitedStates
    #Berlin, report: It is established with certainty that the #British use the tower of the main church in Ypres as an observation post
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The king is back in De Panne. The queen and princess #Marie-José continu to #Italy
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: The Cmy moves to the railroad. 3.15pm: the Major tells me that I should join the Cyclists Cmp for a few days. Our Cmy comes back from the trenches in the evening and stays at farm Vermeersch in #Wulpendamme
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: D gallery: noises heard by officers, but as yet to be identified
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 6 Officers & 129 O.R. 13th Batt. Gloucestershire, attached Pioneers ceased to be attached to Company. 4 Officers & 150 O.R. attached Infantry, reported for duty
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Heavy gunning during the night

    March, the 2nd
    Today 1917
    The 944th day of war
    #France: Unsuccesful #German counter-attack near #Bapaume
    #Eastern Front: Fighting continues in S #Bukovina. Activity round #Riga
    #Turks fall back towards #Baghadad. #Russians occupy #Hamadan
    #USA: Congress passes resolution fro arming merchant ships
    #Warsaw: State Council reports organising national army against #Russia with #Polish legions. #French recruits of 1913 called up
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Departure with princess Marie-José to #Paris. Journey from 9am to 16pm with picknick in the #EU-wood (#SeineMaritime)
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: Mrs #Bulthé, my war-gothmother writes me another letter from #Nederland. I will have to ask her forgivness, because it’s been so long that I wrote her. Despite the army diet I now weigh 82kg! We countinuously play jokes on each other. When a friend is reading, we throw a shoe or a dead rat at him. That sometimes hits his face and everybody laughs and we chase each other like mad. But never anyone gets angry. It’s better to be at the frontline than at the back, that keeps us from getting discouraged
    Willy Britz, #Gent: The ‘official evening’ yesterday was tremendous. Songs, discourses, speeches,… one after the other. It is decided to do it every Thursday. Everybody contributes with 1 Mark
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Leads tested: all normal. Distant works reports from 12, 13, 17, 20. A post: distant knocking
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 1st Battalion, 3rd #NewZealand Rifle Brigade relieves the 3rd Battalion, 3rd #NewZealand Rifle brigade at Trench 121
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Jules De Bruyne, refugee from #Kemmel, buried in the war cemetery. The Head-Sister of #DeKlijte leaves for the (#Belgian) school of #MontLuçon in #France


    March, the 1st
    Today 1917
    The 943rd day of war
    #France: Airplane raid on #Broadstairs: 6 injured
    #Germany announces end of safe period for sailing vessels in the #Atlantic
    #USA: speech by Herr #Zimmerman on torpedoing of neutrals
    Occupied #Belgium: The Relief Commission reports having slaughtered 3100 sheep last week
    #Berlin, report: Several thwarted enemy patrol attacks between Ypres and #Arras
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: B
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Only distant noises heard. 1 man killed
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: 2nd Battalion, 3rd #NewZealand Rifle Brigade believed 4th Battalion, 3rd #NewZealand Rifle Brigade at Trench 123. A Company of #Maori pioneers still assisting in the work at Battle Brigade Headquarters 1 and 2 at La Hutte and Machine Gun emplacements at #StYvon
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Good weather. 4 #German observation balloons keep observing Ypres. 2 shells in the afternoon at Millekruise and in the pasture of Koekuit. Shells also between farms Comyn and Dauchy, where the #British are playing football. My brother Jozef, grenadier at rest in #Krombeke, risks punishment for leaving his post without leave. He is caught on his way back by the gendarms, but they let him go. It is difficult to move from the #Belgian to the #British sector, unless you get leave

    February, the 28th
    Today 1917
    The 942nd day of war
    #France: #Thilloy, #Gommecourt, #Puisieux and #SaillySallisel taken by the #British
    #Eastern Front: #Rumanian counter-attack in #Bukovina partially successful
    #Southern Front: #Austrian attacks on #Asiago Plateau and N or #Gorizia repulsed
    #Turkish losses in #Mesopotamia in last 3 months estimated at 20.000
    #French destroyer ‘Casini’ torpedoed in the #Mediterranean
    #USA: particulars of #German plot in regard to #Mexico and #Japan published
    #London, report: Heavy artillery battles around Ypres
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the Art of the 2LA, (4th visit to 2LA in 6 days
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: Since a few days, I enjoy myself with engraving a shell casing, to pass the time. At war you learn all kinds of skills. After the casing is emptied from all explosives, it is well polished and shines like a vase. I engrave it with the word #IJzer, a worthy name to remember. Around it I engrave a circle of roses and the years #1914-1917. This will be pleasing war remembrance and a useful object for my future household
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A and B galleries: occasional distant knocking noises. A gallery: driving of nails to the right and above. Good progress in digging #Anzac-, #Melbourne-, #Berlin-, #Larchwood Galleries
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shells on #Poperinge, then on the #Leene and als at the #Boonaert (#Lijssenthoek). It’s the first time the shelling goes that far

    February, the 27th
    Today 1917
    The 941st day of war
    #France: E of #Armentières #British raiders seriously damage 3 lines of enemy trenches. 17 prisoners taken
    #Eastern Front: Near #Jakobeny, the #Germans take several #Russian positions on high ground and 1300 prisoners
    #Southern Front: #Saloniki: #German airmen bombard #Allied camps. On enemy plane shot down
    #Kut: persuit of #Turks continued, 7000 prisoners taken
    The #German chancellor announces great success of submarine camaing and justifies the breaking of #Germany’s agreement with the #USA
    The #Spanish king offers unconditional help to the #Belgian civilians in the occupied N of #France
    #Nederland, #Refugees: 26 #Belgians of which 2 women are smuggled into #Holland. They are hidden in a coal barge, in which they spend 8 days, being fed by what the skipper could give them
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to quarters of the 2LA in #Lampernisse. Talk with Baron de Broqueville
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A posts: distant knocking sounds occasionaly
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Men of the artillery having stayed at farm Dalle shamefully invite Jan Gotenaere for a drink before they leave. Meanwhile others steal all their furniture. They decide to stay in the most dangerous part of Dikkebus. They used to live at the other side of the lake, near #Voormezele in farm Capoen. While living there heavy shelling makes flee fam Capoen, but they stayed. While Jan is near the stove and Stephanie was in the sleeping room, a big shell falls in front of the door. The door and furniture are splintered: a few minutes later: ‘Stephanie, are you stille alive?’, Yes, I am, and you?’ ‘Me too’

    February, the 26th
    Today 1917
    The 940th day of war
    #France: #British advance N & S of #Ancre, capturing #LaBarque (SW of #Bapaume)
    War conference in #Calais
    #Turkish rearguard covers the retreat 15ml from #Kut. HMS ‘Firefly’ recaptured
    #USA: #President #Wilson asks Congress to establish armed neutrality and arm merchant vessels
    #British Government requisitions #Dutch ships in British ports
    #Paris, report: The #German fortifications in the dunes (#Nieuwpoort, #Lombardsijde) are kept under a destruction fire
    #Berlin, report: Of the many attempts of the #British between Ypres and the #Somme only one was able to enter our trenches
    #Nederland, #Refugees: Today another 200 people are moved from the camp in #Ede to #Nunspeet. Of the 4000 #Belgian refugees 700-800 have now moved to #Nunspeet. 600 #Belgian children having spent time in #Nederland are now turning back. For hours in advance the #Belgian mothers are standing and waiting for them to arrive. With 1.30 hours of delay the train finally arrives. 83 children from #Antwerpen, 10 from #Lier, 26 from #StNiklaas and 99 from #Dendermonde. The children come from #Vlissingen, #Katwijk, #EgmontAanZee,… There are also about 30 #Dutch children of people living in #Belgium
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Princess Marie-José comes back from #England. Her leaving the Institute of the Ursulines in #Brentwood is permanent
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: At rest, in the afternoon course on storm attacking
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: B post: knocking sounds for 1 hour; A post: knocking at intervals
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Offensive gallery at #Seaforth Farm is now 106 ft from shaft. We have to employ a false set in order to get our steel set in place, as the face and sides caved badly, taking 20 hours for the operation. The right drive at MG subway is advanced 193 ft. The left drive is now on a correct bearing to reach our objective. No further noises have been reported from 127 workings. The usual noises are being heard at 121 & 122, remainder quiet. The work on N°1 Battle HQ has been delayed to some extent on account of face caving. We now have 23ft head cover. Camouflage is being put up to screen the work. No2 Battle HQ drive is now at the desired level, and has 30 ft of headcover
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Beautiful weather. I learn that much of the #German guns have been withdrawn, so no imminant attack expected. 6-7.30pm horrendous shelling of Farm Doom and Cafmeyer. Some horses killed. 1 shell drops just a few meters from the house, nobody hurt. The daughter and granddaughter escape. Doom gets up from near his broken stove and goes lying on his bed near the window on the most dangerous side of the house. He says: ‘When I die, then it will at least be in bed at home. One of the sayings in our village is ‘If you are guilty of death, then you will get it, all the same where you are’. 8500 Fr have been given to the inhabitants of Dikkebus. The authorities want to pay the rent for the houses but not the damage done

    February, the 25th
    Today 1917
    The 939th day of war
    #France: #German retreat continues on the #Ancre. #British advance extends over a frontline of 11ml and a depth of 3ml. Successful raids in #MonchyAuBois, Lens and in #Champagne. Naval air-raid on #Brebach (near #Metz)
    #Turkish retreat continues, closely pursued by #British cavalry near #Kut. #Turks destroy much war material
    #Margate and #Broadstairs bombarded for 10 minutes by #German destroyers. Slight damage. 3 killed 1 woulded. ‘Laconia ss (#Cunard) sunk
    #USA: 4 #Americans drowned: it is the ‘overt act’ for which #President #Wilson is waiting
    #Belgium, #LeHavre: A Royal Decree establishes that that widows and orphans will receive an income. The salary earned by their husbands/fathers will be paid to the widows/orphans
    #Nederland, #Refugees: This morning 280 #Belgian children with 22 supervisor take an extra train from #Rotterdam (#DelftsePoort) back to #Belgium
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Leonida Bissolati, member of the #Italian Government. He is against the irrendentism of his colleagues
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Cpm on guard in the trenches. We return to #Wulpendamme and resides in farm Ameloot, I get a good bed. My friend Buyens rejoins the Cmp at the frontline
    Willy Britz, #Gent: Yesterday I visited the city. You know it is a famous old town. There are numerous old buildings. Some buildings of the World Exposition are still present. For 5 Pfennig I crosses through Gent back and forth with the tramway. At the servicemen’s center they serve good food. Often this is a privilege for those at the back of the frontline (of which I am temporarily one). Gent is very busy, the ladies wear clothing that, because of lack of fabrics is pretty short. In the main street there are pubs one after the other. There are goods in the stores, which today in #Germany are only known from hearsay
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A post reports sounds of bumping and sawing timber. B post reports distant sounds of bumping above
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: #Seaforth Farm work progressing satisfactory. Work is concentrated on the left drive at #StYvon, as we do not have pioneers. Everything at 127 workings in good order. Shallows at 121 being cleaned up but no repair work being carried out. The ground at No.1 Battle HQ continues to give us some trouble, on account of water and caving face. Laying of concrete bursters going ahead. The excavation, which we make in connection with the original scheme is being filled in with sandbags. We expect to start on the level drive for N2 Battle HQ tomorrow

    February, the 24th
    Today 1917
    The 938th day of war
    #France: Great #German withdrawal in full swing. Villages evacuated: #Serre, #Miraumont, #Pys and #Warlencourt
    #Kut evacuated by the #Turks. All positions from #Kut to #SannaIYat taken together with 1730 prisoners. Turks retreat to #Baghdad
    #USA: The #US ambassador in #GreatBritain receives a copy from a letter from the #German Foreign Affairs Minister Arthur #Zimmerman. In the #Zimmerman telegram it is suggested that #Mexico should join #Germany if the #US declares war to Germany. When the so called #Zimmerman telegram is published in the newspapers it causes great commotion
    Occupied #Belgium: Many factories have a lack of workers. Coal becomes very expensive. Of sugar-, petrol- and rubber products have no turnover figures are known
    #London, report: E of Ypres under a heavy bombardment an enemy patrol penetrate our trenches. They are immediately thrown back with great losses. This morning near Ypres the enemy blows up a mine
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the HQ of the 2LA
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle:The Cmp turns back from the frontline positions
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 5:25am: the enemy blows up a mine from a crater. 2 listeners at listening posts 6 & 6 shaken, but nobody seriously hurt. Little damage done, no gas. 2 posts hear distant knocking noises, thought not to be mining
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 66 O.R. reinforcements for Company reported for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We have 96ft of offensive gallery completed at #Seaforth Farm, the work being considerably retarded by the roof and sides caving. The new geared windlass is giving good satisfaction. The left face at #StYvon is again getting in to bad ground and face boards are necessary. Noises are still heard at 127 workings. Repairs discontinued at 121, as labour is scarce. The usual sounds reported from LP8 Canadian. No1 Battle HQ incline has 18ft of head cover. Some trouble is experienced with water, but just now the drive looks better. A windlass and slide is installed today at N°2 Battle HQ, the incline being in good hard blue clay, 24ft below ground level
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: #British assault in the afternoon. Very violent! 50 prisoners of which 2 officers move through #DeKlijte

    February, the 23rd
    Today 1917
    The 937th day of war
    #France: #British follow-up retreating #Germans. The #Germans retreat 32km to the back to the ‘#Hindenburg’ Line between #Arras and #Soissons. All communications line in between are destroyed. Villages and town are demolished. Woods are chopped down and water supplies are poisoned. This action will take until the 5th of April
    #Eastern Front: NW of #Ocna (#Moldavia): #Russians lose heights of #Magyaros and 1000 prisoners
    Above #Kut #British cross the #Tigris and take 544 prisoners. At SannaIYat 3rd and 4th lines are captured.
    Sub sinks 1 #Norwegian and 4 #British steamers, one of which is the Holt liner ‘Perseus’
    #Berlin, report: Lively artillery battle in the Salient of #Wijtschate (#Messines)
    #Köln, KölnischeZeitung, correspondent Wegener: continued fog hinders operations. The #British are mainly active in #Vlaanderen
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the sector of the 2LA. The king also visits #Oudstuivenkenskerke
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: Today I am on guard. In my notes I repeatedly referred to the gnawing homesickness one gets being on guard during the long lonely hours in the desolate environment. The evening twilight renders the sad view in the destroyed valley of the IJzer aweful. A the darkness extends the gunning seems to become more thunderous. The night surrounds one with its veil and friend and foe all squat down in the trenches, thinking about possible death. Your thoughts hover over a utopia, so far away, one doesn’t even dare talk about it anymore. That utopia is called ‘peace’!
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: The company moves the forward lines
    Willy Britz, #Gent: Today I have kitchen duty. Here that means you have to work. Exercising at 11.45am. Courses in the afternoon
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A gallery is the only post reporting noise: hammering and bumping as of earth works
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We put in a new windlass at #Seaforth Farm. The new left drive at #Seaforth Farm is being swung to the right so as to bear in the proper direction to reach the objective. Repairs being made to broken sets in Canadian gallery. Walking and talking plainly heard at LP8 Canadian. Surface seepage is giving us a little trouble on No1 incline Battle HQ. Concrete slabs are being laid on top. A windlass is installed at No.2 Battle HQ, where we now have 15' of head cover

    February, the 22nd
    Today 1917
    The 936th day of war
    #France: E of #Vermelles and S of #NeuveChapelle #German raids repulsed with heavy losses. N of #Gueudecourt #British take trench and 30 prisoners
    #SannaIYat: Gen Maude launches fresh attacks capturing 2 lines of enemy trenches. Heavy attack on #KutElAmara on both #Turkish flanks, forcing the #Turks to draw back to #Bagdad
    7 #Dutch ships from #Falmouth are attacked by sub U3, despite #German guarantee of security: 4 are sunk
    #USA: war tension appears critical. German agents instigating many disturbances.
    #Turkey declare her agreement with #Germany on policy of unrestricted sub warfare
    Formation of the ‘Labour Corps’
    Occupied #Belgium: No more sheep are allowed to be exported to #England. At #HoekVanHolland app 4100 sheep have been slaughtered for the #Belgian Relief Committee. The goal is to export 10.000 slaughtered sheep to #Belgium
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Talk to Gen Roucquerol in #Koksijde. Visit by Baron de Broqueville
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: All posts report nothing beyond surface noises
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Work at #Seaforth Farm progressing satisfactorily. We commenced a new drive to the left on the MG Subway, and also started to step up to Lone House Avenue, for an additional exit. Faint hammering noises heard in 127 workings, but they are likely trench noises, all other front line works quiet. Inclines at both Battle HQs progressing favourably
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Thaw and silence all over Ypres

    February, the 21st
    Today 1917
    The 935th day of war
    #France: #German start withdrawing in front of #Serre
    #Eastern Front: Near #Jokobeny, the #Russians repulse a strong #German attack
    #Southern Front: At #Tarvis (#Trentino) #Italians artillery destroys #Austrian railhead
    Off #Cartagena (SE #Espana) parts for submarines are discovered in a buoy. #French transport ship ‘Athos’ sunk by submarine in the #Mediterranean. Transport ‘Mendi’ with #SouthAfrican labour contingent sunk in collision. New #British blockade orders: all neutral ships with access to the Central Powers have to check into #British ports or will be liable to capture
    #Paris, report: #German patrols trying to penetrate our lines NE of #Nieuwpoort are dispersed by our fire
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: 4.45am a mine of 600lb is blown to the surface under wrecking enemy lines and creates a crater with no severe damage to our workings. At 4.48am a camouflet of 200lb blown up creating slight damage. Both charges are blown effectively to schedule. Enemy disposition at intervals rather lively. Leads tested: all normal. Footage for week: #Melbourne gallery: 61’; #Berlin gallery: 80’; Larchwood junction: 89’; Infantry Subway: 67’; Australian Dugout: 15’
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The Holman Blower is in operation at #Seaforth Farm today for the first time and the improvement in the air is marked. We found it necessary to board up the face on the left hand drive at the MG Subway, as the ground is caving badly. The right drive is very good. The tunnel again does service as a shelter for the infantry during a raid tonight. The Infantry tunnel at Prowse Point is repaired by our men from 127 workings today. It had been smashed in by a shell. No work has been done on the La Hutte MG dugout for several days. Things remain normal on our Right Sector. Commenced stepping down on No.1 Battle H.Q. today
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Mass: 32 people, 14 communions. After mass I bring communion to town councillor Doom, sick at home. He still lives on his farm in one of the most dangerous places. There are 4 guns stationed there. He is sick but does not want to leave his farm. He says ‘If I die, would it be possible not to be buried on the land of Lamerant, but on my own land?’ Lemahieu shows me the little chapel protected by sandbags. Several houses have been destroyed. A large painted canvas has been strung up, representing a wall. Only a few houses in this area are still inhabited. I go back along the Hallebast. Col Morel of the 13Art catches up in his car and picks me up. The Col is very friendly and explains that yesterday the #British made 115 prisoners. The last few days there was heavy gunning around #Boezinge. At the farms of Coene and Delanotte there is a large encampment ‘Micmaccamp’

    February, the 20th
    Today 1917
    The 934th day of war
    #Nakhl & #BirElHassana (between #Suez and #Akaba): 2 small #Turkish posts surprised and scattered by #British
    #President #Wilson asks for powers from #Congress ‘to enforce the obligations imposed by the las of nations and by #American statutes’
    #Berlin, report : Dark and rainy weather restrict military actions. SE of Ypres failed reconnaissance by #British
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: I am promoted to Brigadier
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Charge laid an N°5. Another charge of 600lb of ammonal at N°9. Enemy disposition fairly lively after our bombardment. No damage to our works. Tapping noises heard in A gallery
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The main offensive gallery at #Seaforth Farm is advanced 70' from the shaft. The Bag storage chamber on the right of the drive is almost complete. A stratum of slurry confronts us now on the left drive of the MG Subway very similar to that struck on the main drive. Noises are heard in the intermediate gallery above RE deep workings at trench 121, but they cannot be verified. The work at Battle HQs has been held up to some extent on account of shortage of labour. No2 BHQ, which is on incline, is now down to good blue clay, about 10' below ground level
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Spritial reflexion meeting of the Padres of the 7th artillery and local clergy. Present are Padres Peeters and Ratie, seminarists Couveliers and Coss, Jesuit novice Daneels, the priests from #Kemmel and #DeKlijte and the chaplains of #Reningelst and Dikkebus. It does us all good and the sermon of Mr Ratie is very good. Afterwards we have a good noonmeal at the Provost. Sadly, Mr Ratie and Daneels immediately have to leave as there is a #British assault at 2pm at #Zillebeke and the 1st group has to participate. And indeed at 2.30pm the guns are shooting heavily. In the afternoon shells at farm Huyghe

    February, the 19th
    Today 1917
    The 933rd day of war
    #France: S of #LeTransloy (#Somme) #Germans use flamethrowers, capture a #British outpost and 30 prisoners
    E of Ypres #British do great damage to enemy positions and capture 114 prisoners in a big raid
    SS ‘#Worcestershire’ sunk
    #London, report: Penetration of enemy positions E of Ypres causing great damage to fortifications. Near #Messines and #Wijtschate effective shelling of enemy fortifications
    #Nederland, #Refugees: On Sunday, 10 #Belgian civilians from #Heist arrived in #ZeeuwsVlaanderen with a barge, the fog helping them considerably
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to #Leisele
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: We have to remove several sets at the top of the incline at #Seaforth Farm, as they are badly twisted. Good frontage is made at the MG subway today, although the face on the left drive is none to good and face boards are necessary. An earth tremor is felt this evening at 6.45: Officers on duty in our front line saps, report no damage done, and say it is some distance away on our extreme left. The Battle HQ excavation is in excellent ground, and we have decided to try and incline down to the 30' headcover required, in place of sinking the steel shaft, as at first proposed. Commence work on a second Battle H.Q. today
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Father Bull, #British Padre, leaves for #Calais. He was never nearer to the frontline than #Ouderdom (app 2 miles!). I go to #Poperinge in the afternoon. Behind the farms Van Cayseele and Verdonck railroads are built
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 18th
    Today 1917
    The 932nd day of war
    #France: N of #Ancre: strong #German attack on new #British position caught by strong concentrated fire and smashed
    #Eastern Front: In the #Trotus valley (#Moldovia), #Russian surprise attack captures strong enemy position on high ground
    #Southern Front: Junction of #French and #Italian troops in S #Albania, isolates #Greece from Central Powers
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: The king knows about the arrival of strong #German troops and equipment in West- en #OostVlaanderen
    Raoul Snoeck, #Stavele: Back to the frontline after 2 very nice weeks in #Paris. I really enjoyed it. Often I think of that capital (#Paris) with great longing, zeal, regret, courage, love and the hope that soon I may go back there! I learn that in #Gent young men are conscripted to go to #Germany or to work on the fortifications behind the frontline. I am very worried about this. Hopefully my brother is not too worried. And we cannot even correspond with each other, horrible! What supplies are concerned, we lack in nothing. I feel well except for rheumatism
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A gallery: slight, distant sounds heard near the surface. #Anzac gallery: noisy on day shift, but not much could be distinguished due to our bombardment
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: In place of setting the castings on top of the legs at #Seaforth offensive, we are now hanging the caps between the legs by means of the castings. This takes off some of the direct strain due to side pressure. Progress on MG Subway is satisfactory. The dugout at La Hutte is practically complete. Resistances through charges in all our workings were measured and registered today. The usual listening and pumping work is being carried out at 121, 122, 127 workings. The Battle HQs excavation is almost sunk to the desired level
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 17th
    Today 1917
    The 931st day of war
    #France: N & S of #Ancre #British penetrate 1000yrd of enemy positions: 700 prisoners taken. NW of #Altkirch (#Alsace) #French raid inflicting heavy losses
    #Eastern Front: #Lavkassa river (#Dvinsk): #German clad in white raid #Russians: 50 prisoners
    #Kut: #British progress S of #Tigris, but checked N of #Tigris
    Entente Powers criticize the hostile attitude of the #Greek press
    #London, report: N of Ypres: Penetration of enemy lines inflicting numerous casualties. 1 automatic gun blown up and 19 prisoners taken. #German assault S of Ypres thwarted: prisoners taken, heavy losses caused. Heavy gunning around Ypres. NE of #Ploesteert: 2 attacks with our troops penetration the #German line. Many #Germans killed and fortifications and an MG destroyed. A small amount of prisoners taken
    #Nederland, #Refugees: A list of names of #Belgian men in #Nederland unwilling to fight is published
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to Gen Bernheim CO of 1LA in #OostVleteren
    Willy Britz, #Gent: Today I am in a training course. I am in a cloister, magnificiently transformed into barracks. I am just under the roof with electrical light and good heating! I received new gear and look like a fresh recruit. My company is returning to the position, while I am spending time at the back. We are 5 in a room. It’s an officers course and we are addressed with ‘gentlemen’. The course will take 3 months, so the worst skirmishes of winter and early spring will be over. There are about 300 men of the ‘#Flanders Army’ following the course. Our Lt is a businessman from #Hamburg
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A gallery loud knocking sounds, sometimes audible without the geophone. It is surface repair work after bombardments
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Reningelst: Lieut. C.C. Richards reports for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The castings on 2 sets in the #Seaforth Farm work broke last night and it was necessary to stop face work to effect repairs. The enemy bombarded today, but did no damage to our works. The left face at #StYvon work, is in 68', it is in soft ground. The right face which is in good hard ground is advanced 88 ft. About 70 Infantry are sheltered in the tunnel during today’s bombardment, and as a result the bags of spoil have accumulated. Excavation for battle H.Qs progressing well. A company from each Battalion of the Brigade on our Right sector, raids the enemy's trenches this morning under cover of a heavy barrage fire. The Battalions taking part are Wilts, Lancs, #Worcesters & #Cheshires. They take two prisoners, but no mining information is obtained. An officer is stationed at No8 LP, Canadian gallery during the operations. This listening post is almost directly under enemy front line. The idea is to see if any deep dugouts are located near this post. The usual progress is reported on the excavation for Battle HQs
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 4.30am: shelling of farm Hoflack. Burial of Wwe Declercq

    February, the 16th
    Today 1917
    The 930th day of war
    #France: #Boulogne: #Germain airships drop bombs on town and harbour, slight damage
    #Kut: #British capture remaining #Turkish position at #Tigris: 2000 prisoners
    #Brugge and #Gistel bombed by #British airmen
    #London, report: Seaplanes successfully bombard the airfield of #Gistel with heavy bombs. At the same time the port of #Brugge and docked ships are again bombarded. The bombs are seen to explode on target
    #Berlin, report: Seaplanes drop bombs on the airfield of #Koksijde. Bombs are seen hitting buildings and hangers of the airfield
    #Nederland, #Refugees: The inhabitants of the refugee camp of #Ede organise a feast for Mr and Mrs Mingels who helped the so much
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Trip to #StOmer and #Calais
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: D gallery: loud sounds can be heard above and to the right with walking: started and stopped suddenly. #Anzac gallery: noises can be heard with the ear
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Bore hole completed: depth of bore 112 feet, the last 27 feet being in blue clay. One OR 9th South #Staffordshire killed by sniper
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Same carpenter work being done at #Seaforth Farm Shaft progress normal on the drive. Very good progress is being made on the MG Subway. We commenced new Battle HQs in #Ploegsteert wood today, excavating for the shafthead dugout. All day we have carried out a heavy bombardment, provoking little retaliation
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Calm day. After 4 weeks of frost, thaw is setting in
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 15th
    Today 1917
    The 929th day of war
    #France: Foiled #German raids near #Loos, W of #Messines and NE of #Ypres
    #Kut: decisive battle drives #Turks from R bank of the #Tigris
    #Italian transport to #Saloniki sunk by sub W of #Matapan
    #British Government take over all coal mines in the #UK for the rest of the war
    #Brussel: The #Germans order the #USA Minister to lower the #US flag over the Legation
    Scandinavian protest v #German submarine warfare
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit to the frontline to Gen Collyns and Col Tassier
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: All quiet except in #Anzac gallery: distinct noise of enemy activity, as usual coming from the same direction
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: A Fire in DO system caused 11 deaths & one injured
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Incline and gallery is now 41' advanced from the shaft at #Seaforth Farm. Progress will be slow, whilst the quality of the castings remain so inferior, as it takes a lot of extra time repairing the breaks. About 5 o'clock this morning the enemy explodes a small mine under his own wire, to the left of #Messines Rd., opposite Petite Douve Farm. No damage is done to our underground workings. It is difficult to understand his reasons for blowing at this location, but it is quite possible that he has picked up some distant sounds, which have been greatly magnified by the hard frost. It is a good indication of the nervous attitude of the enemy. Both drives at #StYvon MG Subway are in good ground. The Light railway here has been repaired, to make it possible to handle the increased number of bags. A small amount of work remains to be done at the La Hutte Dugout. We carry out a heavy bombardment of the enemy lines in our Right Sector today between 12.30-1.30pm
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Heavy gunning during the night. There is much smuggling from #France going on. Coffee is getting scarce. News comes in that Scheldeman died in #DePanne
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 14th
    Today 1917
    The 928th day of war
    #France: #French carry out successful large-scale raid NE of #Compiègne
    #Eastern Front: #Between #Zloczow an #Tarnopol (N #Galicia) successful #German great raid. 6 #Russian and 275 men taken prisoner
    #Southern Front: E of #Monastir, successful #Italian counter-attack, reestablishing the line
    #Belgium: #British naval airmen again bombard #Brugge harbor
    #USA: The #German ambassador with staff sail from (#Hoboken (#US)) with ss ‘Frederik VII’
    Occupied #Belgium, #RedCroos: The #Belgian RedCross gathers in #Nederland. 5 big hospitals have been erected, on of which in #DePanne, equipped with the best and most modern equipment. The daily expenses are huge. Thanks to the #Dutch generosity the work can partially be financed. At the end of the meeting a telegram is sent to the #Belgian #QueenElisabeth, to express their unwavering solidarity and support.
    #London, report: Enemy attacks E of #Loos and W of #Messines. NE of Ypres the enemy reaches our posts, but is driven back. There is considerable firing, especially around Ypres. Our planes bombard local airfields behind the enemy lines. 1 plane destroyed, 2 damaged and forced to land. 1 of our planes is shot down, 2 others are missing
    Report from #Oostburg (#Nederland): This morning a squadron is bombarding the port and canal of #Zeebrugge for more than half an hour. Hearing the considerable explosions, heavy bombs must have been used. The planes are intensely shot at
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Pierre Orts a very influential member of the diplomacy. The talks take place, as usualwhile walking through the dunes of #DePanne
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Camouflet charge ready and tamped. Enemy activity heard from #Anzac gallery
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Reningelst: Maj Bullock OC 2nd Canadian Tunnelling Coy. awarded DSO, Cpt Brewster and Cpt Macaulay awarded Military Cross
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Steady progress is being made on the #Seaforth Farm work. The work at #StYvon is also in fair shape. At the La Hutte MG Dugout, some "I" beams are being placed and the drive continues for a second outlet. The trench in the vicinity is being deepened. The Right Sector has nothing unusual to report
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Heavy gunning all day, shells dropping at farm Dalle. Morning: 3 shells on #Poperinge and 9 in the afternoon. News that soldier Decrock from Dikkebus has been wounded and is in hospital in #DePanne: he got a bullet is his abdomen. His condition was critical, but now he is better again. Frost again, but not that hard

    February, the 13th
    Today 1917
    The 927th day of war
    #France: SE of #Grandcourt #British capture strong point. NE of #Arras #British raid takes 40 prisoners
    #Eastern Front: Near #Jokobeny #Russian counter-attack repulsed
    White Star liner ‘Afric’ sunk. Admiralty says counter measures against subs have considerable success
    #USA: #President #Wilson declines to entertain negotiations with #Germany as long as the ruthless submarine warfare is not withdrawn
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: 2nd letter by Gen #Nivelle received in #Houtem. Nivelle suggest 2 attacks involving the #Belgian Army both of which are considered to be a humiliation for the #Belgian Suppreme Command
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: same noises from the same direction
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Due to the pressure of swelling clay at #Seaforth Farm several of the castings have broken in the "I" beam sets. At the #StYvon MG subway, the right drive is in for 20', and the left has been started. Both faces are good. The enemy places several minenwerfer bombs close to the main entrance to the subway, killing one SWB Pioneer and wounding another. We do not suspect that the enemy has noticed our work here, and it is almost certain that his target is the Heavy TM emplacement in the vicinity. Lt Roodhouse was wounded in the head by a machine gun bullet whilst on his way to see the MG Dugout at La Hutte. As the corps are changing fronts, the incoming corps namely the II Anzac was interviewed with regard to new work. The proposition of deep advanced Brigade HQs was put forward and favourably received. The BGGS of the new corps looked over the ground and decided upon the location of these. Boreholes were put down and blue clay located at about 10ft from the surface
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Quite a bit of gunning. Not much news in the newspapers. Food for the soldiers diminishes continuously. It finally looks as if the #British now finish their plates. I used to be posch to leave something in your plate and very posch to leave half of your food on the plate!
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 12th
    Today 1917
    The 926th day of war
    #France: S of #Serre: several #German unsuccessful attacks. E of #Souchez: #British raid: 48 prisoners. Successful #British raids at #Neuville, #Loos and Ypres
    #Eastern Front: Near #Jakobeny (#Bukovina) the #Germans attack and take new #Russian positions: 1200 prisoners
    #Southern Front: #Monastir: Hill 1050 attacked by #Germans, gaining footing at several point in the #Italian frontlines
    #Nederland’s Government representatives assume charge of #British interests in #Germany
    Occupied #Belgium: As Cardinal #Mercier’s letters do not arrive anymore at the #Vatican, it is feared that the courageous cardinal has been isolated or even been taken prisoner by the #Germans
    #Berlin, report: Between Ypres and #Arras a whole series of advanced enemy patrols have been pushed back
    #Nederland, #Refugees: 30 children from #Antwerpen arrive today in #Roosendaal, all of them having a place for the duration of the war. Tomorrow 160 children from #Liège are expected to arrive in #Maastricht, all having a place to stay
    Willy Britz, #Roeselare: Back at rest. Sadly not in my previous quarters but in a compound in an accommodated gas factory. We only had 1 death and some wounded when we were in position. While acting as commanding NCO, a bunker was a bunker was thrown over by a big #British shell. We had to work hard to dig our emprisoned comrades out. Although the shelling was severe, we only had few casualties. From here a small, slow train brings us to Ypres taking up our positions
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: noises as usual, but only for a little while. Camouflet wire gallery completed. Borehole ready for 200lbs of loose ammonal in bags
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Reningelst: 130 O.R. reinforcements for #Canadian attached Infantry. 34 OR reinforcements for Company report for duty
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The bag chamber is about half completed on our #Seaforth Farm work. The gallery is in for 30'. The Holman Blower has been installed. Bags of spoil have to be taken some distance now as all available places, in the vicinity have been filled in. The night drive on the MGS is progressing favourably, and we should be able to make about 15' a day here. We place a new ventilating pipe in our 127 workings. It has become almost impossible for listeners to remain underground for any space of time, due to the condition of the air, the old pipe is in very poor shape. The Elephant section dugout at La Hutte is almost finished. Fair progress is being made on the gallery here. The usual listening, pumping and repairing is being carried out in our workings on the right sector
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 11th
    Today 1917
    The 925th day of war
    #France: N of #Ancre take 600yrd of position at #Beaucourt-#Puisieux road
    #Southern Front: #Gorizia: #Italians recover trenches taken by the #Austrians, make 100 prisoners
    #Kut: #British resume attack on R bank of the #Tigris, hemming the #Turks in on the #Dahra bend
    #US ss ‘Lyman M. Law sunk by submarine off #Sandinia
    #Swiss minister sends message from #Germany to the #USA to discuss ways to prevent war
    Occupied #Belgium: The loss of ships and difficulties of provisioning risks creating famine. The #Belgian are called up to be brave and refuse to become alamist
    #London, report: successful bombardments around Ypres
    #LeHavre, #Belgian report: Heavy fighting last week on the #Belgian frontline. Successful #Belgian infiltrations and repulsing of #German attacks. Heavy artillery battles particularly around #Diksmuide. Daily bomb and grenade attacks around the SAS in #Boezinge. Great activity by the #Belgian air force. Lt Olieslagers forces 2 enemy planes to land. A series of #German installations behind the frontline have been bombarded
    #Nederland, #Refugees: To thank the #Dutch a group of #Belgians organizes an evening about #Belgian art. The donations will be given to the Royal #Dutch National Relief Committee
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Letter from Gen Nivelle received. The general asks for support by the #Belgian artillery, which is approved
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: intermittent working more distinctly heard. Electric listening apparatus installed: 2 microphones on different locations. Sounds of boring heard with geophone, but not captured by electrical instruments. The instruments do prove to be sensitive to our own gallery vibrations
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 1.20 pm: We fire a successful camouflet from Cobalt LP
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Our work at Seaforth Farm is progressing as usual. We decide to abandon the face at the MG Subway. We make new breakaways to right and left, so as to arrive at our objective by a different route. We commence the right breakaway at once. The repair party at 127 workings is withdrawn as they are needed elswhere. We break away to the left to enlarge the chamber at La Hutte Dugout. We again carry out a shoot on the enemy line on our Right Sector. Listening underground during the operations with results similar to those of yesterday. The gas guard at the mouth of the sap at 121 is slightly wounded by an enemy aerial torpedo. We are taking special precautions as regards gas. The enemy is expected to make an attack with gas shells tonight
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: The farmers suffer greatly because of the war. Now their potatoes and wheat are requisitioned by the army, but at prices valid in peace time. Afterwards they have to buy back the chaff at the same price of what they received for the wheat. Some are not even paid at all. The dissatisfaction with the farmers is great and with cause. For housing a high ranking officer (Gen, Col, Maj) a compensation of 1F is given. For lower-raking officers 0,50F and for soldiers 0,08F. It used to be double that price. For renting barns a price per m2 and the land is priced per acre. Much gunning in the morning. 10 ships are being sunk by #German subs almost every day
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 10th
    Today 1917
    The 924th day of war
    #France: S of Serre (#Ancre) #British capture strong system of hostile trenches: 215 prisoners. Successful Allied raids in #Givenchy, #Neuville, #Grandcourt, #LaBassée, #NeuveChapelle, #Auberive and #Lunéville. #German airmen bomb #Dunkerque, #Amiens and #Nancy
    #Southern Front: #Valona: 2 out of 3 #Austrian hydroplanes captured by #Italian airmen
    4 unsuccessful #Turkish attacks on #British right flank near #Kut. #Kut: #British push back the #Turks on a 6000yrd frontline
    #German U-boat war: #Peru cables protest to #Berlin. #China sends energetic protet to Germany and threatens to break off diplomatic relations. #Chile refuses to recognize the #German blockade and declares to demand repair if ships are damaged. Germany declares ‘Period of Grace’ for neutral shipping expires
    #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Discussion with Countess van den Steen de Jehay. The Countess governs the Elisabeth Hospital in #Poperinge
    René Deckers, #Avekapelle: Our battery is moved more to the South. A friend and I are allowed to take quarters in a small house with little damage. I am preparing for the exams for the artillery
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac gallery: Facework by the enemy distinctly heard. The sound is moving forward. The noises appear more intense than previously. D-gallery: Enemy hear working
    2 #Canadian TnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: Sgt. J.C. Brown awarded French Military medal. 20 O.R. returned from Rest Camp
    3 #Canadian TnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: A total of 24' of main offensive gallery has been completed. The last two sets being on the incline which is heading down, so as to give a total head cover of 120'. There is a very wet station in the face of the MG Subway, which runs out, and allows the material above to cave. It is about one foot over the sill. During the last few days we have put in 80 repair sets in the 127 Workings. At the La Hutte MG Dugout, we have now about 6' of head cover, and will run in a bend from here to the chamber. By arrangements with our officers at 121, the TMs carried out a shoot on the enemies line. During the operations one of our officers is on duty listening at LP8 in #Canadian deep workings. The idea is to see what effect it has on the noises we heard at this Post. The officer reported that while the shoot was in progress, he could hear the enemy running from side to side to escape the TM bombs
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Continuous shell day and night
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 9th
    Today 1917
    The 923rd day of war
    #France: E of #Meuse: #German attack fails under #French fire. E of #SaillySallisel #German counter-attack on new #British positions repulsed
    #Southern Front: E of #Gorizia: #Austrian attack enters certain #Italian positions. #Austria claims 1000 prisoners
    #Nederland, #Belgian refugees: Since the beginning of the war, thousands of #Belgians have found refuge in #Holland. Many #Belgians have found work, but others have become dependant on generosity. All kinds of measures have been taken. Housing, care for the sick and for children, household goods, tools, resources for work, moving costs and many other things. All of those straining our finances. The aiding of the refugees has not diminished since the beginning of the war
    #Berlin, report: Army of Albrecht von Württember (#Wijtschate) repeated heavy gunning
    #Paris, report: #French planes repeatedly bombed iron factories and stations. Many air battles: 2 enemy planes shot down, one a triplane. Lt #Guynemer downed one of them being his 31st enemy plane
    #Nederland, #Refugees: This morning, the 2nd party of refugees moves from #Ede to #Nunspeet. About 100 women and childrentaken their matrasses and blankets. There is no resistence. 2 #Belgian scouts have again been appointed to lead the transport. Next Monday the demolition of the camp will be continued. It had been postponed because as the last time damage was done to the heating installation
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: #Houtem: arrival of Maj C Gordon. Maj Gordon is preparing the return of Princess Marie-José from #England
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Anzac-gallery: sound of mining and boring heard at intervals. D-Gallery: corresponding sounds heard as in #Anzac-gallery, but coming from above
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The new offensive gallery at Seaforth Farm is in sufficient distance. A breakaway has been made to the right for a bag storage chamber. We are using steel "I" beam sets (5'x3' inside) with a cast connecting piece between the vertical and horizontal members. The castings do not seem to be able to withstand the enormous pressure which is exerted against them, in fact the "I" beams themselves have been bent in some places. This causes considerable delay with the work, as repair operations have be undertaken. The enemy bombards our trenches today, but does no damage to our workings. The face of the drive in the MG Subway varies considerably. We are stepping down to get head cover for the MG dugout at La Hutte. The spoil from the work is being used to cover on Elephant sections dugout, which we are building in the vicinity. The enemy uses gas shells quite frequently of late on our Right Sector. We find it desirable to place gas guards at the shaft heads
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 8am: 2 farms and one stable burn down simultaneously. At wdw Delanotte, the laundry of the soldiers is being dried. Since it has now been freezing for 3 weeks, most creeks are frozen and there is only few water left. This causes considerable problems to the army
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 8th
    Today 1917
    The 922nd day of war
    #France: #SaillySallisel ridge taken by the #British, 78 prisoners taken
    #British destroyer sunk by a mine in the #Channel: 5 survivors
    Neutral sources report that Mr. Gerard is being hel hostage in #Berlin, without communications with the #US
    #London, report: Successful raids near Ypres, enemy dugouts destroyed
    #Refugees: Transport of #Belgian refugees from #Ede (to #Nunspeet). All families with soon-to-be mothers. The refugees have to take their own matrasses and blankets. Carts drive them to the railway station in #Ede. More than 100 refugees are transported of which there are 73 children. The refugees are escorted by to #Belgian scouts. Because of the bad connection the transport takes more than 3 hours
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Baron de Broqueville
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Work on the stair for the infantry subway hampered by frozen ground. #Anzac post: sounds of enemy mining of boring and falling ground. Intensity of the sound has not altered the last few days
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The chamber for the Holman Blower is complete and 4 sets have been put in in the main offensive gallery. On the early morning shift we have a bad cave on the face in the MGS, after consultation with the 36th Division we decide to abandon the work on the MG Emplacement at Le Rossignol, as we are unable to obtain suitable head cover. The timber is withdrawn and excavation fills in. A new MG Dugout is started at La Houtte on the 2pm shift. On our right sector undefinable noises are heard over a large portion of our underground workings
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Some shells at Hallebast. 10pm #British raid towards #Wijtschate: 15 prisoners taken. The gunning endures all night
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 7th
    Today 1917
    The 921st day of war
    #France: #Grandcourt evacuated by the #Germans, #British occupy the village
    Several neutral Statees refus #President #Wilson’s invitation to act in conjunction with the #US
    Occupied, Belgium, #AssociatedPress, #LeHavre, #Belgian Government: #Germany wants to give #GreatBritain the responsibility for hindering the relief for #Belgium. Never #GreatBritain has hampered the relief efforts. #Germany should unconditionally give inviolability to the ships bringing relief the the #Belgian people
    #Berlin, report, Army of Prince Albert von #Württemberg: lively artillery action around Ypres. In the #Wijtschate ‘Boggen’ (#Messines Ridge) a considerable part of the tunnels is destroyed. A #British plane throws bombs on the town of #Brugge. 7 houses are destroyed. In a school 1 woman and 16 children are killed. 2 adults are severely wounded. No damage to military installations
    Paris, report: At night a #French squadron bombards the #German part of the airport of #Mariakerke
    #DeTijd: #German artillery is arriving in #Flanders. Many old guns, apparently captured elsewhere. The #German positions are made impregnable. Only people with special permits are allowed to travel in #Flanders. Strong new #German troops are arriving in #Flanders. Most are experienced units, part of the reserve. Gunning of heavy artillery around Ypres. The #Germans predict a major offensive at the end of next week
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Film projection at the Royal villa
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Crater work heard from D-gallery. All normal in #Melbourne gallery. Advances in digging in the #Berlin tunnel, A-gallery, Infantry subway and #Australian dugouts
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The face at the M.G. Subway shows no further improvement, If anything it is slightly worse. The MG Emplacement at Le Rossignol seems doomed to failure due to the quicksand being so close to the surface. We are carrying on with the tunnel allowing sufficient grade for drainage purposes, and as we are working with the slope up the hill, we will run to the surface before long. At #Seaforth Farm we have one set in on the breakaway and another almost ready to put in and also started to excavate for the blow chamber. The usual maintenance work is being prosecuted at 121 & 122 on the right sector
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: We learn that the #US has severed diplomatic relations with #Germany. Shells around the farm of Celeste Planckeel in the evening
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 6th
    Today 1917
    The 920th day of war
    #France: #Grandcourt (S of #Ancre): The #British occupy 1000yrd of trenches virtually unopposed
    Near #Kut, #Turks evacuate S bank of the #Tigris. 2nd phase of the battle of Kut begins
    Ss ‘#California’ sunk by submarine without warning: 43 killed and missing
    #GreatBritain: Mr. N. #Chamberlain announces his scheme for National service
    #Belgium, #TheDailyTelegraph: #NewYork: All transport facilities for transport to Belgium are lifted. 15 ships of the relief commission for Belgium are now in the war zone. It is not possible to contact them. If the ships have to follow the route N of #GreatBritain, they are in greatest danger by mines. #Hoover signaled the 50 members of the commission in Belgium to stay on their posts
    #Berlin, report: A #British squadron hits a school in #Brugge and kills one women and 16 children
    #Refugees: The first group of 100 #Belgians will be moved from the camp in #Ede to #Nunspeet
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Awarding of medals to officers. Visit to Gen De Ceuninck, Comm of the 6LA in #Hoogstade
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Only usual sounds of working in crater opposite #Anzac-gallery
    2CanTnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded by sniper
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The work on the face at #Seaforth Farm is progressing nicely. Some of the sets are showing signs of weakness. The weakness is no doubt due to the swelling of the ground which is a calcareous clay. The lagging is being spaced further apart so that spoil may be removed from behind sets relieving the pressure. A listening experiment was carried out… …to see if the working noises originating here can be heard at our deep workings at 127 trench. A nil result is obtained. The face on the M.G. subways has slightly improved but it is still necessary to use face boards to prevent caving. The Russian saps on the left of 127 shaft leading out toward the wood… …which crosses near Anton Farm are in very poor repair. The left hand sap is full of water and frozen solid. The right hand sap one is over half full and inundated in 4 places outside our parapet,… …one big break being just outside our wire. This work will have to be repaired as soon as snow & frost permits. Loud noises can be heard at No.8 LP #Canadian… …and are identified as walking on timber,… …very likely an officer and NCO on visiting rounds in the enemy front line which is almost over this post
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Heavy shelling. The fear of a #German assault has attenuated, as it is reported that the enemy artillery is drawn from Ypres. Many planes every day as the weather is nice. The frost continues

    February, the 5th
    Today 1917
    The 919th day of war
    #Southern Front: #Italian line heavily attacked by #Austrians. All attacks beaten off
    #Siwa evacuated by the Senussi, entered by #British. British capture #Munasib Pass, cutting off retreat
    #Germany after break with #USA: The struggle is for our existence, there can be no retreat. #Switzerland, after message to the #USA, decides not to break of diplopmatic relations. #Russian conference on the future of #Poland announced
    Occupied #Belgium, #TheTimes: #Belgian relief ship ‘Lena Kruse’ sunk. There are still 10 #Belgian relief ships at sea. There is now a great danger of famine in Belgium. After the dimplomatic relations with #Germany have been broken off, the #American ambassador #Whitlock might have to leave #Belgium. The work of 40.000 relief volunteers is at risk
    #Paris, report: lively gun battle at the canal near #Passchendaele
    #London, report: Enemy positions and airfield near Ypres effectively bombed, great damage. 2 seaplanes bomb #Brugge. Many heavy bombs on a torpedoboat. Buildings in the port and docks catch fire in #Brugge. It was bitter cold for the airmen. All planes come back safely
    #Berlin, report: Enemy plains bomb #Brugge, a hangar is hit and burns. In #Gent 2 #Belgians are killed and 3 wounded
    Willy Britz, Ypres: Still in here. Only the cold makes life miserable. At night the stoves heat the dugouts. No fire allowed during the day, because of the smoke. But cold is better than rain
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: D-gallery: Noises of enemy working in the crater is picked up. Enemy on the surface is busy with trench mortars
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Almost completed mucking out the Windlass chamber at Seaforth Farm. We hope to get it in place by morning. Nine men have been told off from No.3 section to be employed on this work. The main offensive, gallery is started at 11 o'clock this morning. The wooden Frames at the bottom of the shaft are already bending and unless reinforced will fail quickly. These sets are to be removed and steel sets put in their stead. Owing to the bombardment this afternoon, the enemy hit our platform at the mouth of the shaft entrance, doing slight damage. No Casualties. We are still having difficulty with the face at the M.G. subways. The success of the enterprise depends to a large extent on this face, we are determined to put it through if possible. The usual progress at Le Rossignol, M.G. Emplacement. Maintenance at 127 Workings is reported. Strange noises are heard on our new connecting drive, between R.E. and #Canadian deep levels in the121 Workings on our right sector. These noises can not be verified as to origin, but it is more than likely that they originate from the craters above

    February, the 4th
    Today 1917
    The 918th day of war
    #France: Near #Beaucourt severe counter-attacks against new #British positions defeated. Raids by both sides NE of #Gueudecourt. #British take 500yrd of hostile trenches and over 100 prisoners
    #Eastern Front: Between #Tirul swampt and #Aa (#Riga) #Germans make several abortive attacks. E of #Kalutsem, #Germans again attack and take positions but are ejected
    Western #Egypt: #British expedition defeast forces of the #Senussi leader, Said Ahmed
    #Manilla Bay: #German crews wreck the engine-rooms of 9 German steamers
    #USA Note suggesting that Neutrals could also severe diplomatic relations with #Germany
    #Berlin, #Norddeutsche: raids back and forth on the #WesternFront. The #German soldiers are superior in taking the initiative and are more competent soldiers
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Visit by Lyautey, #French minister of war. Talks about the severing of diplomatic relation of the #US with #Deutschland
    Mk Paul von #Hindenburg becomes CinC, seconded by Gen #Ludendorff, the war enters a new phase
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Mucked out for the first 9' I beams in the Windlass chamber at #Seaforth Farm. The carpenters have completed putting in the partitions in the shaft. A few more men will be required on this work in order to keep it going at the most efficient speed. The face in the M.G. Subway at #StIvon shows no tendency to improve
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: New regulations, sowing land: 3/8 wheat, 3/8 fodder, 1/8 cereals, 1/8 industrial crops. Gendarm requisition tools for the #Belgian army for planting potatoes

    February, the 3rd
    Today 1917
    The 917th day of war
    #France: E of #Beaucourt (N of #Ancre) the #British line advances 500yrd on a front of 1200yrd. Over 100 prisoners taken and counter-attacks repulsed
    First #Portuguese contingent arrives in #France
    Ss ‘Housatonic’ #American grain ship, torpedoed off #Scilly Isles, crew rescued by #British ship. #President #Wilson severs diplomatic relations between #USA and #Germany. Count Bernstorff, #German Ambassador to the #USA receives his passports. Mr. Gerard #American Ambassador to #Germany is recalled. #USA demands the immediate release of 60 #Americans, taken prisoner by #German #Atlantic raider
    #President #Wilson: ‘This Government has no other alternative compatible with the dignity and honor of the #UnitedStates
    Other nations follow suite of which many #LatinAmerican countries and #China
    #USA: The #Belgian Ambassador is informed that the #US will severe diplomatic relations with #Germany. The #American diplomats in #Belgium will not be called back. The diplomats in #Belgium will only go back if the #Germans force them to do so. About 100 #Americans doing relief work in #Belgium will stay. The #American Ambassador #Whitlock will stay until forced by the #Germans
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: D-gallery: Noises heard by officers but as yet not identified
    2CanTnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: One O.R. wounded by sniper
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The staging at #Seaforth Shaft has been completed. Two more sets placed in the drive to the windlass chamber. It is essential that our work on the surface here be well screened. Snow is lying on the ground and shows up everything that is not covered. Constant supervision is necessary in the disposal of bags at night. We have now filled up most of the holes and old trenches close to the work and as far as Anscroft Ave. At the #StIvon work has improved very slightly and we are making every effort to prevent further caving. The work of course is very much retarded. Resistance of leads at 127 and also at 121 & 122 are measured and registered today. At Le Rossignol we have the gallery to the proposed M.G. emplacement in about 38'. The face is hard but the headcover is practically nil. On our right sector the usual pumping, listening and maintenance is being carried on
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: More than 200 shell near farm Comyn. The burst into hundreds of pieces on the frozen ground. Some pieces fly more than 500m far. 2 shells fall on farm Planckeel. Civilians washing clothing for the military need a special permit. The time seems long ago when the clothing used to be burnt in the oven. There is now a big lack of clothes and bread. At the beginning of the war a big bread was given to 4 men, now a small one for 3. The soldiers now buy bread with the civilians, so that the civilians also lack bread. The #British are now glad about canned meat. In 1915 whole carts full of canned meat was buried or burnt, although they were not spoilt

    February, the 2nd
    Today 1917
    The 916th day of war
    #Eastern Front: E of #Kalutsem (W of #Riga) #Germans launch several attacks, but repulsed
    Off the #Anatolian coast #Russian warships sink 18 #Turkish small vessels
    #Bruges harbour bombed by #British naval airmen
    #Istanbul University proposes the #German emperor as recipient of the #NobelPeacePrize
    #GreatBritain: Appeal to the nation for food economy by #LordDevonport
    Occupied #Belgium, #Frankfurter Zeitung: Scarcety of coal forces a rise in price of 2-4BEF/ton
    The #Belgian Army comes back on its decision to use dogs to pull MG’s
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: D-gallery: Noises resembling face-work reported
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: The first set placed on the drive for the windlass chamber at #Seaforth Farm. Carpenters working on Stagings, ladderways and shaft framing. Everything possible is being done to attain success on the M.G. Subways. The face of the drive is still in a poor condition. At 127 Workings, the usual distant sounds prevail. They do not appear to be coming any closer. The leads to the charges are tested today and found OK. We have advanced 24' from the parapet with the M.G. emplacement at Le Rossignol. The workings on our Right Sector report sounds every shift. In particular those at No.8 #Canadian seem to persist. Walking and pounding can easily be heard here. No doubt the hard frost has increased the intensity of the sounds
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Mass. It is so cold that my chalice is completely frozen. I have to thaw with my breath. Much gunning all day
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    February, the 1st
    Today 1917
    The 915th day of war
    #Wijtschate: #Germans in white overalls attack #British positions, but are beaten off. The #Germans suffer heavy Casualties
    #France, #Grandcourt (#Somme): Strong enemy attempt to rus #British trenches driven off. NE of #Gueudecourt (#Somme): #British raid taking 56 prisoners
    #Eastern Front: S of #Halicz (#Galicia) #Germans in white overalls break through #Russian lines
    #Kut (#Tigris): #British capture last line of #Turks, taking 166 prisoners
    #Dutch ss #Gamma attacked and sunk by #German sub. #Dutch Government requests explanation. #Germany’s manifesto to sink all ships in the War Zones takes effect today. Temporary suspension of all neutral sailing. The press in the #USA takes bellicose view
    #Berlin, #Norddeutsche: A enemy raid has been repulsed at #StElooi. Prisoners taken near #Langemark. Destruction fire squelched a #Belgian attack near #Bikschote. There is a clash between #Bayerisch troops and #British near #Wijtschate. At #NeuveEglise the #Bayerisch pushed back a #British attack. At the same time a #British position near #Armentières has been taken, all of the occupiers died
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: March under artillery fire, patrol, shooting practice, shooting theory
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: All sectors report no sound of enemy mining. Surface noises heard in A-gallery
    2CanTnlCmp, #SanctuaryWood: 1 Transport N.C.O. killed & 2 attached A.S.C. drivers wounded
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Shaft at #Seaforth Farm completed. Breakaways are made in on opposite sides. One breakaway for the main offensive gallery and one for the windlass and blower chamber. The sills of the breakaways are 86' from the top of the shaft. They are approximately 95' from the surface of the ground. A Holman Air Blower has been installed underground. From the commanding position of Messines, the enemy is able to keep a very watchful eye on all operations. The ground is a particularly bad running quicksand, which makes construction of dugouts difficult. The steel shaft has been bisected by a partition. One part for a ladderway and the other for hoisting bags and material. Progress made on the machine gun subways in the #StIvon area has been retarded considerably. This is due by the nature of the ground. The subways are of long cross sectional area. TheMG emplacements at #LeRossignol are not going to be a success. On the slope of #Hill63, we encounter quicksand at a depth of only 6'. The quicksand makes it an extremely difficult feat to get down to a desirable amount of headcover. No use to thaw extremely hard frost prevailing at this time. The number of surface noises heard in our underground workings has been greatly augmented. On our right Sector at 121 & 122 workings, a heavy enemy bombardment of artillery
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: From 4.30-6am important #German failed assault from #Wijtschate. In the morning shrapnel at farms Lemahieu and Doom. Shells in the evening at château Verschoore

    January, 31st
    Today 1917
    The 914th day of war
    #France: #German attacks fail near #Beaucourt and W of #Serre. Total #German prisoners taken by #British in #France in January: 1228, 27 officers
    #Eastern Front: E of #Jakobeny 3 #German attacks against lost postions repulsed with heavy losses
    #Germany declares to all neutrals ‘Unrestricted naval warfare’ within the war zone. #German subs will sink both combatant and neutral shipping at sight from February 1. The unlimited #Uboat war starts: the 111 #German #Uboats can sink ships at their own discretion. #Germany is convinced that the #Uboat war will bring #GreatBritain to its knees in 5 months. #Germany recognizes that it will have serious consequences on the diplomatic relations with the #USA. The #Germans estimate that the #Uboat war will bring the #USA into war. It is thought that it will take 2 years for the #USA to have an impact on the war in #Europe. By that time the Central Powers will have won the war. #US minister Robert #Lansing receives a message that all ships will be stopped with all weapons. #Germany announces it will no longer tolerate traffic of hospital ships between #France, #Britain and #Belgium. #Germany reasons that the #RedCross is misused
    #LeHavre, #Belgian Government: The commission for Economy after the war is installed
    London, report: Enemy attacks near Ypres and #Wijtschate have all been repulsed with heavy losses. Enemy artillery S of Ypres is very active
    #ZeeuwsVlaanderen: Twice airplanes appear above the #Belgian coast and are heavily shot at
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Our Coy is back from Coast Guard. The 6th comes back from #Mailly. I sleep at the ‘Café de la Belle Vue de Mairie’, the Town Hall. The people are good to me
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Footage dug: #Berlin Shaft: 54’6’’ (now called #Melbourne); #Berlin Adit Extentsion: 32’; Main #Berlin C-gallery: 38’; Infantry Subway and dugouts: 73’8’’; Australian Dugouts: 45’
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Sump for shaft at #Seaforth Farm completed depth 88ft. Connection made with #Bristol Castle from #Westminster Subway. The 109 Inf: Brigade operated on #Seaforth Farm Frontage. 74th on 121 frontage from 36th and 25th Divisions respectively
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Big guns are being placed at several farms. Shrapnel explodes above the Main Square. Several young men of Dikkebus leave for the army. They are not very enthusiastic, but after several days, they write they are doing well

    January, 30th
    Today 1917
    The 913th day of war
    #France: S of #Leintrey (#Lorraine) #French raiders penetrate the #German 2nd line. Garrisons are destroyed and prisoners are taken
    #Eastern Front: Between #Tirul swamp & river #AA #German attack taking 900 #Russian prisoners. E of #Jakobeny (S #Bukovina) #Russians assault taking 1000 prisoners
    #Norway forbids submarines in territorial waters
    #KingAlbert, #QueenElisabeth, #DePanne: Arrival of gen Jungbluth
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: http://users.telenet.be/frontsoldaat/pagina25.html
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Berlin, Sector A: Sound of enemy knocking heard. #Anzac-gallery: pump heard working. 1 man wounded
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Enemy very active with trench mortars, artillery and aeroplanes
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: In #DeKlijte an excellent #German camp has been erected. Beautiful warm tents. I meet a group of #German workers, their health has much improved since having arrived here. They are well-clothed. They get 3F every week and have good food. It has to be admitted that the #British take well care of their prisoners of war. Terrible gunning on the #Belgian front. The bard of Edmond Derycke near the village burns down, due to uncarefull soldiers

    January, 29th
    Today 1917
    The 912th day of war
    Progress continued near #Kut
    Announcement of laying of new #British minefield from #Yorkshire to #Jutland
    #Allies’ flags formally saluted in #Athens
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Shooting practice and monthly pay
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Berlin Section, D-gallery: sounds as of face working and knocking
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Attempts to get through the subsoil at #Rossignol, #Hill63. Machine gun emplacements proving unsuccessful Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Shelling in the afternoon around several farms. That is because since several days guns have been placed around farm Doom. It’s the 3rd time that they place guns there and each time they are discovered. The place is probably visible from château Mahieu (#Wijtschate). But they will not move the guns because of that, they will probably place more

    January, 28th
    Today 1917
    The 911th day of war
    Considerable progress by #British on right bank of Tigris SW of #Kut
    #London, report: Considerable gunning around Ypres. We ignited a big fire in the enemy lines
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: The Coast Guards relieve us at 3pm
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: #Berlin Sector, A-gallery: Surface sounds heard, all quiet elsewhere
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Timber frame #Seaforth Farm shaft completed to breakaway level: 83 ft. Experiment commences at Subway #Westminster of setting frames in cement mortar. Cement mortar to prevent oozing of silt between the frames
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: After mass I visit the center. Most houses have no more wood in them, everything has been taken away by the soldiers. I a few dozens of houses there are still soldiers lodging. Those houses are spared. In the house of Delanotte there are padres. In the house of Thevelin protestant services are held. In house Devos there is a canteen. Charles Maes at last received news about the Godparentship by the Queen for their 7th daughter. The Godfathers spend a good meal. The 3rd #Belgian battery receives a 3rd gun. The cold in the barn is unbareable
    #ypressalient #ww1 #ypres #ieper

    January, 27th
    Today 1917
    The 910th day of war
    #France: #British take #German positions and 350 prisoners near #LeTransloy
    #Eastern Front: #Russians carry enemy postions between #Kimpolung and #Jacobeny (#Bukovina). 1218 prisoners taken
    SS ‘Artist torpedoed and a gale by #German #Uboat, crew left to perish
    General #Pershing gets orders in #Mexico to turn back to the #US. Gen #Pershing is at the head of 4800 troops trying to capture the rebel leader #PanchoVilla
    #Belgian Government in #LeHavre: New regulations concerning the non-occupied part of #Belgium. Growing of crops, surfaces: 3/8 for wheat; 1/8 for potatoes; 3/8 for cattle food; 1/8 for industrial crops.
    #London, report: Heavy gunning by both sides around Ypres
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Individual trainin of gunner. Coast guarding at 2.30pm
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: Charges laid at bottom of 13 and #Anzac shafts. For demolition purposes if necessary. All quiet
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Breakaway from subway #Westminster to #Bristol Castle commenced
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: Strong frost all of the week. Shells on the Main Square of Dikkebus. Also at farm Lamote between Dikkebus and #DeKlijte

    January, 26th
    Today 1917
    The 909th day of war
    #France: #French regain most ground lost near #Verdun
    #British recapture lost trenches near #Kut
    Occupied #Belgium, Province #Luxemburg: Vossische Zeitung: Manganese levels discovered
    Occupied #Belgium, #Frankfurter Zeitung: Governers appointed to confiscate enemy financial assets. The measure has been taken because of similar measures by the enemies of #Geramny. There is no danger for the #Belgian financial market
    #Berlin, report frontline von Würrtemberg: SW of #Diksmuide a #Belgian position of 10 men captured. No losses on our side
    #Refugees, #Nederland: A large amount of unaccompanied #Belgian children are staying here. It is either not known if their parents are still alive or where they come from or both. Because of the long duration of the war their #Dutch caretakers cannot or do not want to continue taking care of them. For many children this is very demoralizing and they risk becoming neglected. The reunification of these children after the war will be very difficult or impossible
    #KingAlbert, #DePanne: 3rd crossing of the #Channel. The king accompanies his daughter Marie-José to #England to go to school. They depart from #Dunkerque to #Dover. After the lunch with Admiral Baker back to #Dunkerque to #Dover, heavy weather in the channel
    Jacobus Winters, #Ramskapelle: Relieved by the 6LA, back from #Mailly. Theory on instruction of gunners
    #Australian 1TunCmp, #Hill60: A-gallery: sounds of enemy pump. Trench 35 saphead crumped by shelling. All quiet
    3CanTnlCmp, #Ploegsteert: Incline from shaft chamber #Seaforth Farm to connect with spoil trench completed
    Priest Achiel Vanwalleghem, #Dikkebus: 3 #German planes throw 5 bombs on #Poperinge. 10 horses are killed. At Hooge a civilian on a bike is wounded by a shrapnel shot at the planes and exploding on the road. Not many civilians are allowed to ride a bike: only doctors and some working for the army

     

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